New International Version
On the first day of the third month after the Israelites left Egypt--on that very day--they came to the Desert of Sinai.
King James Bible
In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.
Darby Bible Translation
In the third month after the departure of the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they [into] the wilderness of Sinai:
World English Bible
In the third month after the children of Israel had gone forth out of the land of Egypt, on that same day they came into the wilderness of Sinai.
Young's Literal Translation
In the third month of the going out of the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt, in this day they have come into the wilderness of Sinai,
Exodus 19:1 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
In the third month - This was called Sivan, and answers to our May. For the Jewish months, years, etc.
The same day - There are three opinions concerning the meaning of this place, which are supported by respectable arguments.
1. The same day means the same day of the third month with that, viz., the 15th, on which the Israelites had left Egypt.
2. The same day signifies here a day of the same number with the month to which it is applied, viz., the third day of the third month.
3. By the same day, the first day of the month is intended. The Jews celebrate the feast of pentecost fifty days after the passover: from the departure out of Egypt to the coming to Sinai were forty-five days; for they came out the fifteenth day of the first month, from which day to the first of the third month forty-five days are numbered. On the 2d day of this third month Moses went up into the mountain, when three days were given to the people to purify themselves; this gives the fourth day of the third month, or the forty-ninth from the departure out of Egypt. On the next day, which was the fiftieth from the celebration of the passover, the glory of God appeared on the mount; in commemoration of which the Jews celebrate the feast of pentecost. This is the opinion of St. Augustine and of several moderns, and is defended at large by Houbigant. As the word חדש chodesh, month, is put for new moon, which is with the Jews the first day of the month, this may be considered an additional confirmation of the above opinion.
The wilderness of Sinai - Mount Sinai is called by the Arabs Jibel Mousa or the Mount of Moses, or, by way of eminence, El Tor, The Mount. It is one hill, with two peaks or summits; one is called Horeb, the other Sinai. Horeb was probably its most ancient name, and might designate the whole mountain; but as the Lord had appeared to Moses on this mountain in a bush סנה seneh, Exodus 3:2, from this circumstance it might have received the name of Sinai or הר סיני har Sinai, the mount of the bush or the mount of bushes; for it is possible that it was not in a single bush, but in a thicket of bushes, that the Angel of God made his appearance. The word bush is often used for woods or forests.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1491. An. Ex. Is.
1. Sivan. the third
LibrarySeventh Day. Holiness and Obedience.
Ye have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself. Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: ye shall be unto me an holy nation.'--Ex. xix. 4-6. Israel has reached Horeb. The law is to be given and the covenant made. Here are God's first words to the people; He speaks of redemption and its blessing, fellowship with Himself: 'Ye have seen how I brought …
Andrew Murray—Holy in Christ
The Eagle and Its Brood
Appendix ii. Philo of Alexandria and Rabbinic Theology.
The King --Continued.
And God said, "I will be with you. And this will be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you will worship God on this mountain."
Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.
And on that very day the LORD brought the Israelites out of Egypt by their divisions.
The whole Israelite community set out from Elim and came to the Desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had come out of Egypt.
"Set up the tabernacle, the tent of meeting, on the first day of the first month.
The LORD said to Moses in the Desert of Sinai,
They left Rephidim and camped in the Desert of Sinai.
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