Exodus 19:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
On the third new moon after the people of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that day they came into the wilderness of Sinai.

King James Bible
In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

American Standard Version
In the third month after the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In the third month of the departure of Israel out of the land of Egypt, on this day they came into the wilderness of Sinai:

English Revised Version
In the third month after the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.

Webster's Bible Translation
In the third month, when the children of Israel had gone forth from the land of Egypt, the same day they came into the wilderness of Sinai.

Exodus 19:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The next day Jethro saw how Moses was occupied from morning till evening in judging the people, who brought all their disputes to him, that he might settle them according to the statutes of God. על עמד: as in Genesis 18:8. The people came to Moses "to seek or inquire of God" (Genesis 18:15), i.e., to ask for a decision from God: in most cases, this means to inquire through an oracle; here it signifies to desire a divine decision as to questions in dispute. By judging or deciding the cases brought before him, Moses made known to the people the ordinances and laws of God. For every decision was based upon some law, which, like all true justice here on earth, emanated first of all from God. This is the meaning of Genesis 18:16, and not, as Knobel supposes, that Moses made use of the questions in dispute, at the time they were decided, as good opportunities for giving laws to the people. Jethro condemned this plan (Genesis 18:18.) as exhausting, wearing out (נבל lit., to fade away, Psalm 37:2), both for Moses and the people: for the latter, inasmuch as they not only got wearied out through long waiting, but, judging from Genesis 18:23, very often began to take the law into their own hands on account of the delay in the judicial decision, and so undermined the well-being of the community at large; and for Moses, inasmuch as the work was necessarily too great for him, and he could not continue for any length of time to sustain such a burden alone (Genesis 18:18). The obsolete form of the inf. const. עשׂהוּ for עשׂתו is only used here, but is not without analogies in the Pentateuch. Jethro advised him (Genesis 18:19.) to appoint judged from the people for all the smaller matters in dispute, so that in future only the more difficult cases, which really needed a superior or divine decision, would be brought to him that he might lay them before God. "I will give thee counsel, and God be with thee (i.e., help thee to carry out this advice): Be thou to the people האלהים מוּל, towards God," i.e., lay their affairs before God, take the place of God in matters of judgment, or, as Luther expresses it, "take charge of the people before God." To this end, in the first place, he was to instruct the people in the commandments of God, and their own walk and conduct (הזהיר with a double accusative, to enlighten, instruct; שדרך the walk, the whole behaviour; מעשׂה particular actions); secondly, he was to select able men (חיל אנשׁי men of moral strength, 1 Kings 1:52) as judges, men who were God-fearing, sincere, and unselfish (gain-hating), and appoint them to administer justice to the people, by deciding the simpler matters themselves, and only referring the more difficult questions to him, and so to lighten his own duties by sharing the burden with these judges. מעליך הקל (Genesis 18:22) "make light of (that which lies) upon thee." If he would do this, and God would command him, he would be able to stand, and the people would come to their place, i.e., to Canaan, in good condition (בּשׁלום). The apodosis cannot begin with וצוּך, "then God will establish thee," for צוּה never has this meaning; but the idea is this, "if God should preside over the execution of the plan proposed."

Exodus 19:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2513 B.C.

1491. An. Ex. Is.

1. Sivan. the third

Exodus 12:2,6 This month shall be to you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you...

Leviticus 23:16-18 Even to the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall you number fifty days; and you shall offer a new meat offering to the LORD...

came

Exodus 16:1 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin...

Numbers 33:15 And they departed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai.

Cross References
Exodus 3:12
He said, "But I will be with you, and this shall be the sign for you, that I have sent you: when you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain."

Exodus 12:6
and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight.

Exodus 12:51
And on that very day the LORD brought the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their hosts.

Exodus 16:1
They set out from Elim, and all the congregation of the people of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had departed from the land of Egypt.

Exodus 40:2
"On the first day of the first month you shall erect the tabernacle of the tent of meeting.

Numbers 3:14
And the LORD spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, saying,

Numbers 33:15
And they set out from Rephidim and camped in the wilderness of Sinai.

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