New American Standard Bible
Search me, O God, and know my heart; Try me and know my anxious thoughts;
King James Bible
Search me, O God, and know my heart: try me, and know my thoughts:
Darby Bible Translation
Search me, O �God, and know my heart; prove me, and know my thoughts;
World English Bible
Search me, God, and know my heart. Try me, and know my thoughts.
Young's Literal Translation
Search me, O God, and know my heart, Try me, and know my thoughts,
Psalm 139:23 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
Search me, O God - The word "search" here is the same as in Psalm 139:1. See the notes at that verse. The psalmist had stated the fact that it is a characteristic of God that he "does" search the heart; and he here prays that God "would" exercise that power in relation to himself; that as God could know all that there is within the heart, he would examine him with the closest scrutiny, so that he might be under no delusion or self-deception; that he might not indulge in any false hopes; that he might not cherish any improper feelings or desires. The prayer denotes great "sincerity" on the part of the psalmist. It indicates also self-distrust. It is an expression of what all must feel who have any just views of themselves - that the heart is very corrupt; that we are liable to deceive ourselves; and that the most thorough search "should" be made that we be "not" deceived and lost.
And know my heart - Know or see all that is within it.
Try me - As metal is tried or proved that is put to a "test" to learn what it is. The trial here is that which would result from the divine inspection of his heart.
And know my thoughts - See what they are. The word rendered "thoughts" occurs only in one other place, Psalm 94:19. The idea is, Search me thoroughly; examine not merely my outward conduct, but what I think about; what are my purposes; what passes through my mind; what occupies my imagination and my memory; what secures my affections and controls my will. He must be a very sincere man who prays that God will search his thoughts, for there are few who would be willing that their fellow-men, even their best friends, should know all that they are thinking about.
LibrarySeptember the Eighteenth the All-Round Defence
"Thou hast beset me behind." --PSALM cxxxix. 1-12. And that is a defence against the enemies which would attack me in the rear. There is yesterday's sin, and the guilt which is the companion of yesterday's sin. They pursue my soul like fierce hounds, but my gracious Lord will come between my pursuers and me. His mighty grace intervenes, and my security is complete. "Thou hast beset me ... before." And that is a defence against the enemies which would impede my advance and frighten me out of …
John Henry Jowett—My Daily Meditation for the Circling Year
God Omnipresent and Omniscient --Ps. cxxxix.
The Love of Christ.
The Kingdom Undivided
1 Thessalonians 2:4
but just as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel, so we speak, not as pleasing men, but God who examines our hearts.
Let Him weigh me with accurate scales, And let God know my integrity.
O let the evil of the wicked come to an end, but establish the righteous; For the righteous God tries the hearts and minds.
Who can discern his errors? Acquit me of hidden faults.
Examine me, O LORD, and try me; Test my mind and my heart.
I hate them with the utmost hatred; They have become my enemies.
The refining pot is for silver and the furnace for gold, But the LORD tests hearts.
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