New American Standard Bible
"When he had agreed with the laborers for a denarius for the day, he sent them into his vineyard.
King James Bible
And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
Darby Bible Translation
And having agreed with the workmen for a denarius the day, he sent them into his vineyard.
World English Bible
When he had agreed with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
Young's Literal Translation
and having agreed with the workmen for a denary a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
Matthew 20:2 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
A penny a day - The coin here referred to was a Roman coin, equal in value, at different periods, to 15 cents or 17 cents (7 1/2 d. to 8 1/2 d.) (circa 1880's). The original denotes the Roman denarius δηνάριον dēnarion, a silver coin, which was originally equivalent to ten ases (a brass Roman coin), from which it gets its name. The consular denarius bore on one side a head of Rome, and an X or a star, to denote the value in ases, and a chariot with either two or four horses. At a later period the casts of different deities were on the obverse, and these were finally superseded by the heads of the Caesars. Many specimens of this coin have been preserved.
It was probably at that time the price of a day's labor. See Tobit 5:14. This was the common wages of a Roman soldier. In England, before the discovery of the mines of gold and silver in South America, and consequently before money was plenty, the price of labor was about in proportion. In 1351 the price of labor was regulated by law, and was a penny a day; but provisions were of course proportionally cheap, and the avails of a man's labor in articles of food were nearly as much as they are now.
LibraryThe Servant-Lord and his Servants
'Even as the Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister.'--MATT. xx. 28. It seems at first sight strangely unsympathetic and irrelevant that the ambitious request of James and John and their foolish mother, that they should sit at Christ's right hand and His left in His kingdom, should have been occasioned by, and have followed immediately upon, our Lord's solemn and pathetic announcement of His sufferings. But the connection is not difficult to trace. The disciples believed that, …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
Delivered on the Lord's Day, on that which is Written in the Gospel, Matt. xx. 1, "The Kingdom of Heaven is Like unto a Man That
Ci. Foretelling his Passion. Rebuking Ambition.
Cii. Bartimæus and his Companion Healed.
Then He said to His disciples, "The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few.
"For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard.
"And he went out about the third hour and saw others standing idle in the market place;
"Shall we pay or shall we not pay?" But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, "Why are you testing Me? Bring Me a denarius to look at."
"Show Me a denarius. Whose likeness and inscription does it have?" They said, "Caesar's."
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