Jonah 2:5
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
"Water encompassed me to the point of death. The great deep engulfed me, Weeds were wrapped around my head.

King James Bible
The waters compassed me about, even to the soul: the depth closed me round about, the weeds were wrapped about my head.

Darby Bible Translation
The waters encompassed me, to the soul: The deep was round about me, The weeds were wrapped about my head.

World English Bible
The waters surrounded me, even to the soul. The deep was around me. The weeds were wrapped around my head.

Young's Literal Translation
Compassed me have waters unto the soul, The deep doth compass me, The weed is bound to my head.

Jonah 2:5 Parallel
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

The waters compassed me about even to the soul - Words which to others were figures of distress (Psalm 69:2. See the introduction to Jonah), "the waters have come even to the soul," were to Jonah realities. Sunk in the deep seas, the water strove to penetrate at every opening. To draw breath, which sustains life, to him would have been death. There was but a breath between him and death. "The deep encompassed me," encircling, meeting him wherever he turned, holding him imprisoned on every side, so that there was no escape, and, if there otherwise had been, he was bound motionless, "the weed was wrapped around my head, like a grave-band." "The weed" was the well known seaweed, which, even near the surface of the sea where man can struggle, twines round him, a peril even to the strong swimmer, entangling him often the more, the more he struggles to extricate himself from it. But to one below, powerless to struggle, it was as his winding sheet.

Jonah 2:5 Parallel Commentaries

The Soul.
Man as we behold him is not all there is of man. He is a wonderful being. He stands in the highest order of God's creation. He Is A Compound. Man was created a physical and spiritual organism. He possesses an animal and a spiritual life. Thus he is connected with two worlds. The physical creation is termed the "outward man," and the spiritual, the "inward man." "For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day." 2 Cor. 4:16. "For we know
Charles Ebert Orr—The Gospel Day

Whether the Fire of Hell is Beneath the Earth?
Objection 1: It would seem that this fire is not beneath the earth. For it is said of the damned (Job 18:18), "And God shall remove him out of the globe [Douay: 'world']." Therefore the fire whereby the damned will be punished is not beneath the earth but outside the globe. Objection 2: Further, nothing violent or accidental can be everlasting. But this fire will be in hell for ever. Therefore it will be there, not by force but naturally. Now fire cannot be under the earth save by violence. Therefore
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Luke 21:20
"But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then recognize that her desolation is near.

Psalm 69:1
For the choir director; according to Shoshannim. A Psalm of David. Save me, O God, For the waters have threatened my life.

Psalm 69:2
I have sunk in deep mire, and there is no foothold; I have come into deep waters, and a flood overflows me.

Lamentations 3:54
Waters flowed over my head; I said, "I am cut off!"

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Bound Circling Closed Compass Compassed Death Deep Depth Encompassed Engulfed Great Head Inclosed Neck Point Round Side Soul Surrounded Threatened Water Waters Weed Weeds Wrapped
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