Zechariah 4:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the angel who talked with me came again and woke me, like a man who is awakened out of his sleep.

King James Bible
And the angel that talked with me came again, and waked me, as a man that is wakened out of his sleep,

American Standard Version
And the angel that talked with me came again, and waked me, as a man that is wakened out of his sleep.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the angel that spoke in me came again: and he waked me, as a man that is wakened out of his sleep.

English Revised Version
And the angel that talked with me came again, and waked me, as a man that is wakened out of his sleep.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the angel that talked with me came again, and waked me, as a man that is wakened out of his sleep,

Zechariah 4:1 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"He stands, and sets the earth reeling: He looks, and makes nations tremble; primeval mountains burst in pieces, the early hills sink down: His are ways of the olden time. Habakkuk 3:7. I saw the tents of Cushan under affliction: the curtains of the land of Midian tremble." God coming from afar has now drawn near and taken His stand, to smite the nations as a warlike hero (cf. Habakkuk 3:8, Habakkuk 3:9, and Habakkuk 3:11, Habakkuk 3:12). This is affirmed in עמד, He has stationed Himself, not "He steps forth or appears." This standing of Jehovah throws the earth and the nations into trembling. ימדד cannot mean to measure here, for there is no thought of any measuring of the earth, and it cannot be shown that mâdad is used in the sense of measuring with the eye (Ros. and Hitzig). Moreover, the choice of the poel, instead of the piel, would still remain unexplained, and the parallelism of the clauses would be disregarded. We must therefore follow the Chaldee, Ges., Delitzsch, and others, who take מדד as the poel of מוּד equals טוּט, to set in a reeling motion. It is only with this interpretation that the two parallel clauses correspond, in which יתּר, the hiphil of נתר, to cause to shake or tremble, answers to ימדד. This explanation is also required by what follows. For just as Habakkuk 3:7 unquestionably gives a further expansion of יתּר גּוים, so does לולם ... יתפּצצוּ contain the explanation of ימדד ארץ. The everlasting hills crumble (יתפּצצוּ from פּוּץ), i.e., burst and resolve themselves into dust, and the hills sink down, pass away, and vanish (compare the similar description in Nahum 1:5 and Micah 1:4). הררי־עד ( equals הררי קדם, Deuteronomy 33:15) in parallelism with נּבעות עולם are the primeval mountains, as being the oldest and firmest constituents of the globe, which have existed from the beginning (מנּי עד, Job 20:4), and were formed at the creation of the earth (Psalm 90:2; Job 15:7; Proverbs 8:25). הליכות עולם לו is not to be taken relatively, and connected with what precedes, "which are the old paths," according to which the hills of God are called everlasting ways (Hitzig); because this does not yield a sense in harmony with the context. It is a substantive clause, and to be taken by itself: everlasting courses or goings are to Him, i.e., He now goes along, as He went along in the olden time. הליכה, the going, advancing, or ways of God, analogous to the דּרך עפולם, the course of the primitive world (Job 22:15). The prophet had Psalm 68:25 floating before his mind, in which hălı̄khōth 'ĕlōhı̄m denote the goings of God with His people, or the ways which God had taken from time immemorial in His guidance of them. As He once came down upon Sinai in the cloudy darkness, the thunder, lightning, and fire, to raise Israel up to be His covenant nation, so that the mountains shook (cf. Judges 5:5); so do the mountains and hills tremble and melt away at His coming now. And as He once went before His people, and the tidings of His wondrous acts at the Red Sea threw the neighbouring nations into fear and despair (Exodus 15:14-16); so now, when the course of God moves from Teman to the Red Sea, the nations on both sides of it are filled with terror. Of these, two are individualized in Habakkuk 3:7, viz., Cushan and Midian. By Cushan we are not to understand the Mesopotamian king named Cushan Rishathaim, who subjugated Israel for eight years after the death of Joshua (Judges 3:8.); for this neither agrees with אהלי, nor with the introduction of Midian in the parallel clause. The word is a lengthened form for Such, and the name of the African Ethiopians. The Midianites are mentioned along with them, as being inhabitants of the Arabian coast of the Red Sea, which was opposite to them (see at Exodus 2:15). אהלי כ, the tents with their inhabitants, the latter being principally intended. The same remark applies to יריעות, lit., the tent-curtains of the land of Midian, i.e., of the tents pitched in the land of Midian.

Zechariah 4:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the angel.

Zechariah 1:9,13,19 Then said I, O my lord, what are these? And the angel that talked with me said to me, I will show you what these be...

Zechariah 2:3 And, behold, the angel that talked with me went forth, and another angel went out to meet him,

Zechariah 3:6,7 And the angel of the LORD protested to Joshua, saying...


1 Kings 19:5-7 And as he lay and slept under a juniper tree, behold, then an angel touched him, and said to him, Arise and eat...

Jeremiah 31:26 On this I awaked, and beheld; and my sleep was sweet to me.

Daniel 8:18 Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground: but he touched me, and set me upright.

Daniel 10:8-10 Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there remained no strength in me...

Luke 9:32 But Peter and they that were with him were heavy with sleep: and when they were awake, they saw his glory...

Luke 22:45,46 And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow...

Cross References
1 Kings 19:5
And he lay down and slept under a broom tree. And behold, an angel touched him and said to him, "Arise and eat."

Jeremiah 31:26
At this I awoke and looked, and my sleep was pleasant to me.

Zechariah 1:9
Then I said, 'What are these, my lord?' The angel who talked with me said to me, 'I will show you what they are.'

Zechariah 1:13
And the LORD answered gracious and comforting words to the angel who talked with me.

Zechariah 4:5
Then the angel who talked with me answered and said to me, "Do you not know what these are?" I said, "No, my lord."

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