Psalm 34:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The LORD redeems the life of his servants; none of those who take refuge in him will be condemned.

King James Bible
The LORD redeemeth the soul of his servants: and none of them that trust in him shall be desolate.

American Standard Version
Jehovah redeemeth the soul of his servants; And none of them that take refuge in him shall be condemned.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord will redeem the souls of his servants: and none of them that trust in him shall offend.

English Revised Version
The LORD redeemeth the soul of his servants: and none of them that trust in him shall be condemned.

Webster's Bible Translation
The LORD redeemeth the soul of his servants: and none of them that trust in him shall be desolate.

Psalm 34:22 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 34:17-22) The poet now recommends the fear of God, to which he has given a brief direction, by setting forth its reward in contrast with the punishment of the ungodly. The prepositions אל and בּ, in Psalm 34:16 and Psalm 34:17, are a well considered interchange of expression: the former, of gracious inclination (Psalm 33:18), the latter, of hostile intention or determining, as in Job 7:8; Jeremiah 21:10; Jeremiah 44:11, after the phrase in Leviticus 17:10. The evil doers are overwhelmed by the power of destruction that proceeds from the countenance of Jahve, which is opposed to them, until there is not the slightest trace of their earthly existence left. The subjects to Psalm 34:18 are not, according to Psalm 107:17-19, the עשׁי רע (evil doers), since the indispensable characteristic of penitence is in this instance wanting, but the צדיקים (the righteous). Probably the פ strophe stood originally before the ע strophe, just as in Lamentations 2-4 the פ precedes the ע (Hitzig). In connection with the present sequence of the thoughts, the structure of Psalm 34:18 is just like Psalm 34:6 : Clamant et Dominus audit equals si qui (quicunque) clamant. What is meant is the cry out of the depth of a soul that despairs of itself. Such crying meets with a hearing with God, and in its realisation, an answer that bears its own credentials. "The broken in heart" are those in whom the egotistical, i.e., self-loving life, which encircles its own personality, is broken at the very root; "the crushed or contrite (דּכּאי, from דּכּא, with a changeable ā, after the form אילות from איּל) in spirit" are those whom grievous experiences, leading to penitence, of the false eminence to which their proud self-consciousness has raised them, have subdued and thoroughly humbled. To all such Jahve is nigh, He preserves them from despair, He is ready to raise up in them a new life upon the ruins of the old and to cover or conceal their infinitive deficiency; and, they, on their part, being capable of receiving, and desirous of, salvation, He makes them partakers of His salvation. It is true these afflictions come upon the righteous, but Jahve rescues him out of them all, מכּלּם equals מּכּלּן (the same enallage generis as in Ruth 1:19; Ruth 4:11). He is under the most special providence, "He keepeth all his bones, not one of them (ne unum quidem) is broken" - a pictorial exemplification of the thought that God does not suffer the righteous to come to the extremity, that He does not suffer him to be severed from His almighty protecting love, nor to become the sport of the oppressors. Nevertheless we call to mind the literal fulfilment which these words of the psalmist received in the Crucified One; for the Old Testament prophecy, which is quoted in John 19:33-37, may be just as well referred to our Psalm as to Exodus 12:46. Not only the Paschal lamb, but in a comparative sense even every affliction of the righteous, is a type. Not only is the essence of the symbolism of the worship of the sanctuary realised in Jesus Christ, not only is the history of Israel and of David repeated in Him, not only does human suffering attain in connection with Him its utmost intensity, but all the promises given to the righteous are fulfilled in Him κατ ̓ ἐξοχήν; because He is the righteous One in the most absolute sense, the Holy One of God in a sense altogether unique (Isaiah 53:11; Jeremiah 23:5, Zechariah 9:9; Acts 3:14; Acts 22:14). - The righteous is always preserved from extreme peril, whereas evil (רעה) slays (מותת stronger than המית) the ungodly: evil, which he loved and cherished, becomes the executioner's power, beneath which he falls. And they that hate the righteous must pay the penalty. Of the meanings to incur guilt, to feel one's self guilty, and to undergo punishment as being guilty, אשׁם (vid., on 1 Samuel 14:13) has the last in this instance.

Psalm 34:22 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

redeemeth

Psalm 31:5 Into your hand I commit my spirit: you have redeemed me, O LORD God of truth.

Psalm 71:23 My lips shall greatly rejoice when I sing to you; and my soul, which you have redeemed.

Psalm 103:4 Who redeems your life from destruction; who crowns you with loving kindness and tender mercies;

Psalm 130:8 And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.

Genesis 48:16 The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them...

2 Samuel 4:9 And David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said to them, As the LORD lives...

1 Kings 1:29 And the king swore, and said, As the LORD lives, that has redeemed my soul out of all distress,

Lamentations 3:58 O LORD, you have pleaded the causes of my soul; you have redeemed my life.

1 Peter 1:18,19 For as much as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold...

Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, You are worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for you were slain...

none

Psalm 9:9,10 The LORD also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble...

Psalm 84:11,12 For the LORD God is a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly...

John 10:27-29 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me...

Romans 8:31-39 What shall we then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be against us...

1 Peter 1:5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith to salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

Cross References
1 Kings 1:29
And the king swore, saying, "As the LORD lives, who has redeemed my soul out of every adversity,

Psalm 2:12
Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish in the way, for his wrath is quickly kindled. Blessed are all who take refuge in him.

Psalm 37:33
The LORD will not abandon him to his power or let him be condemned when he is brought to trial.

Psalm 37:40
The LORD helps them and delivers them; he delivers them from the wicked and saves them, because they take refuge in him.

Psalm 57:1
Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me, for in you my soul takes refuge; in the shadow of your wings I will take refuge, till the storms of destruction pass by.

Psalm 71:23
My lips will shout for joy, when I sing praises to you; my soul also, which you have redeemed.

Psalm 113:1
Praise the LORD! Praise, O servants of the LORD, praise the name of the LORD!

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