Psalm 19:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
the precepts of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes;

King James Bible
The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.

American Standard Version
The precepts of Jehovah are right, rejoicing the heart: The commandment of Jehovah is pure, enlightening the eyes.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The justices of the Lord are right, rejoicing hearts: the commandment of the Lord is lightsome, enlightening the eyes.

English Revised Version
The precepts of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.

Webster's Bible Translation
The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.

Psalm 19:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 19:2-4) The heavens, i.e., the superterrestrial spheres, which, so far as human vision is concerned, are lost in infinite space, declare how glorious is God, and indeed אל, as the Almighty; and what His hands have made, i.e., what He has produced with a superior power to which everything is possible, the firmament, i.e., vault of heaven stretched out far and wide and as a transparency above the earth (Graeco-Veneta τάμα equals ἔκταμα, from רקע, root רק, to stretch, τείνειν), distinctly expresses. The sky and firmament are not conceived of as conscious beings which the middle ages, in dependence upon Aristotle (vid., Maimonides, More Nebuchim ii. 5), believed could be proved fro this passage, cf. Nehemiah 9:6; Job 38:7. Moreover, Scripture knows nothing of the "music of the spheres" of the Pythagoreans. What is meant is, as the old expositors correctly say, objectivum vocis non articulatae praeconium. The doxa, which God has conferred upon the creature as the reflection of His own, is reflected back from it, and given back to God as it were in acknowledgment of its origin. The idea of perpetuity, which lies even in the participle, is expanded in Psalm 19:3. The words of this discourse of praise are carried forward in an uninterrupted line of transmission. הבּיע (fr. נבע, Arab. nb‛, root נב, to gush forth, nearly allied to which, however, is also the root בע, to spring up) points to the rich fulness with which, as from an inexhaustible spring, the testimony passes on from one day to the next. The parallel word חוּה is an unpictorial, but poetic, word that is more Aramaic than Hebrew ( equals הגּיד). אמשׁ also belongs to the more elevated style; the γνωστὸν τοῦ Θεοῦ deposited in the creature, although not reflected, is here called דּעת. The poet does not say that the tidings proclaimed by the day, if they gradually die away as the day declines, are taken up by the night, and the tidings of the night by the day; but (since the knowledge proclaimed by the day concerns the visible works of God by day, and that proclaimed by the night, His works by night), that each dawning day continues the speech of that which has declined, and each approaching night takes up the tale of that which has passed away (Psychol. S. 347, tr. p. 408). If Psalm 19:4 were to be rendered "there is no speech and there are no words, their voice is inaudible," i.e., they are silent, speechless witnesses, uttering no sound, but yet speaking aloud (Hengst.), only inwardly audible but yet intelligible everywhere (Then.): then, Psalm 19:5 ought at least to begin with a Waw adversativum, and, moreover, the poet would then needlessly check his fervour, producing a tame thought and one that interrupts the flow of the hymn. To take Psalm 19:4 as a circumstantial clause to Psalm 19:5, and made to precede it, as Ewald does, "without loud speech...their sound has resounded through all the earth" (341, d), is impossible, even apart from the fact of אמר not meaning "Loud speech" and קוּם hardly "their sound." Psalm 19:4 is in the form of an independent sentence, and there is nothing whatever in it to betray any designed subordination to Psalm 19:5. But if it be made independent in the sense "there is no loud, no articulate speech, no audible voice, which proceeds from the heavens," then Psalm 19:5 would form an antithesis to it; and this, in like manner, there is nothing to indicate, and it would at least require that the verb יצא should be placed first. Luther's rendering is better: There is no language nor speech, where their voice is not heard, i.e., as Calvin also renders it, the testimony of the heavens to God is understood by the peoples of every language and tongue. But this ought to be אין לשׁון or אין שׂפה ro אין (Genesis 11:1). Hofmann's rendering is similar, but more untenable: "There is no speech and there are no words, that their cry is not heard, i.e., the language of the heavens goes forth side by side with all other languages; and men may discourse ever so, still the speech or sound of the heavens is heard therewith, it sounds above them all." But the words are not בּלי נשׁמע (after the analogy of Genesis 31:20), or rather בּלי ישּׁמע (as in Job 41:8; Hosea 8:7). בּלי with the part. is a poetical expression for the Alpha privat. (2 Samuel 1:21), consequently כלי נשׁמע is "unheard" or "inaudible," and the opposite of נשׁמע, audible, Jeremiah 31:15. Thus, therefore, the only rendering that remains is that of the lxx., Vitringa, and Hitzig: There is no language and no words, whose voice is unheard, i.e., inaudible. Hupfeld's assertion that this rendering destroys the parallelism is unfounded. The structure of the distich resembles Psalm 139:4. The discourse of the heavens and the firmament, of the day (of the sky by day) and of the night (of the sky by night), is not a discourse uttered in a corner, it is a discourse in speech that is everywhere audible, and in words that are understood by all, a φανερόν, Romans 1:19.

Psalm 19:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

statutes

Psalm 105:45 That they might observe his statutes, and keep his laws. Praise you the LORD.

Psalm 119:12,16,80,171 Blessed are you, O LORD: teach me your statutes...

Genesis 26:5 Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.

Exodus 18:16 When they have a matter, they come to me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God...

Deuteronomy 4:5,6 Behold, I have taught you statutes and judgments, even as the LORD my God commanded me...

Ezekiel 36:27 And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and you shall keep my judgments, and do them.

right

Psalm 119:128 Therefore I esteem all your precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false way.

Nehemiah 9:13 You came down also on mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, and gave them right judgments, and true laws...

rejoicing

Psalm 40:8 I delight to do your will, O my God: yes, your law is within my heart.

Psalm 119:14,24,54,92,121,143 I have rejoiced in the way of your testimonies, as much as in all riches...

Deuteronomy 12:11,12 Then there shall be a place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there...

Deuteronomy 16:11,14 And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant...

Nehemiah 8:12 And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth...

Isaiah 64:5 You meet him that rejoices and works righteousness, those that remember you in your ways: behold, you are wroth; for we have sinned...

Jeremiah 15:16 Your words were found, and I did eat them; and your word was to me the joy and rejoicing of my heart: for I am called by your name...

Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:

is pure

Psalm 12:6 The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.

Psalm 119:40 Behold, I have longed after your precepts: quicken me in your righteousness.

Proverbs 30:5 Every word of God is pure: he is a shield to them that put their trust in him.

Romans 7:12-14 Why the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good...

enlightening

Psalm 13:3 Consider and hear me, O LORD my God: lighten my eyes, lest I sleep the sleep of death;

Psalm 119:98-100,105,130 You through your commandments have made me wiser than my enemies: for they are ever with me...

Proverbs 2:6 For the LORD gives wisdom: out of his mouth comes knowledge and understanding.

Proverbs 6:23 For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

Romans 2:17-20 Behold, you are called a Jew, and rest in the law, and make your boast of God...

Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

Romans 7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. No, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust...

Galatians 2:19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live to God.

Galatians 3:10-13,21 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written...

Cross References
Psalm 12:6
The words of the LORD are pure words, like silver refined in a furnace on the ground, purified seven times.

Psalm 33:4
For the word of the LORD is upright, and all his work is done in faithfulness.

Psalm 36:9
For with you is the fountain of life; in your light do we see light.

Psalm 119:14
In the way of your testimonies I delight as much as in all riches.

Psalm 119:128
Therefore I consider all your precepts to be right; I hate every false way.

Psalm 119:140
Your promise is well tried, and your servant loves it.

Proverbs 6:23
For the commandment is a lamp and the teaching a light, and the reproofs of discipline are the way of life,

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