Psalm 18:44
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
As soon as they heard of me they obeyed me; foreigners came cringing to me.

King James Bible
As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me: the strangers shall submit themselves unto me.

American Standard Version
As soon as they hear of me they shall obey me; The foreigners shall submit themselves unto me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A people, which I knew not, hath served me: at the hearing of the ear they have obeyed me.

English Revised Version
As soon as they hear of me they shall obey me: the strangers shall submit themselves unto me.

Webster's Bible Translation
As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me: the strangers shall submit themselves to me.

Psalm 18:44 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 18:38-41) Thus in God's strength, with the armour of God, and by God's assistance in fight, he smote, cast down, and utterly destroyed all his foes in foreign and in civil wars. According to the Hebrew syntax the whole of this passage is a retrospect. The imperfect signification of the futures in Psalm 18:38, Psalm 18:39 is made clear from the aorist which appears in Psalm 18:40, and from the perfects and futures in what follows it. The strophe begins with an echo of Exodus 15:9 (cf. supra Psalm 7:6). The poet calls his opponents קמי, as in Psalm 18:49, Psalm 44:6; Psalm 74:23, cf. קימנוּ Job 22:20, inasmuch as קוּם by itself has the sense of rising up in hostility and consequently one can say קמי instead of עלי קמים (קומים 2 Kings 16:7).

(Note: In the language of the Beduins kôm is war, feud, and kômānı̂ (denominative from kōm) my enemy (hostis); kōm also has the signification of a collective of kōmānı̂, and one can equally well say: entum waijânâ kôm, you and we are enemies, and: bênâtnâ kôm, there is war between us.)

The frequent use of this phrase (e.g., Psalm 36:13, Lamentations 1:14) shows that קום in Psalm 18:39 does not mean "to stand (resist)," but "to rise (again)." The phrase נתן ערף, however, which in other passages has those fleeing as its subject (2 Chronicles 29:6), is here differently applied: Thou gavest, or madest me mine enemies a back, i.e., those who turn back, as in Exodus 23:27. From Psalm 21:13 (תּשׁיתמו שׁכם, Symm. τάξεις αὐτοὺς ἀποστρόφους) it becomes clear that ערף is not an accusative of the member beside the accusative of the person (as e.g., in Deuteronomy 33:11), but an accusative of the factitive object according to Ges. 139, 2.

Psalm 18:44 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

As soon, etc. [Heb.] at the hearing of the ear

Romans 10:16,17 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias said, Lord, who has believed our report...

strangers [heb.] sons of the stranger

Psalm 66:3 Say to God, How terrible are you in your works! through the greatness of your power shall your enemies submit themselves to you.

Psalm 81:15 The haters of the LORD should have submitted themselves to him: but their time should have endured for ever.

Deuteronomy 33:29 Happy are you, O Israel: who is like to you, O people saved by the LORD, the shield of your help...

2 Samuel 1:13 And David said to the young man that told him, From where are you? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite.

Isaiah 62:8 The LORD has sworn by his right hand, and by the arm of his strength, Surely I will no more give your corn to be meat for your enemies...

Ezekiel 44:7 In that you have brought into my sanctuary strangers, uncircumcised in heart, and uncircumcised in flesh, to be in my sanctuary...

shall submit. or, yield feigned obedience [heb.] lie

Psalm 68:30 Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people...

Psalm 81:15 The haters of the LORD should have submitted themselves to him: but their time should have endured for ever.

2 Samuel 22:44-46 You also have delivered me from the strivings of my people, you have kept me to be head of the heathen...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 33:29
Happy are you, O Israel! Who is like you, a people saved by the LORD, the shield of your help, and the sword of your triumph! Your enemies shall come fawning to you, and you shall tread upon their backs."

Psalm 66:3
Say to God, "How awesome are your deeds! So great is your power that your enemies come cringing to you.

Psalm 81:15
Those who hate the LORD would cringe toward him, and their fate would last forever.

Psalm 144:7
Stretch out your hand from on high; rescue me and deliver me from the many waters, from the hand of foreigners,

Psalm 144:11
Rescue me and deliver me from the hand of foreigners, whose mouths speak lies and whose right hand is a right hand of falsehood.

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Authority Countries Cringe Cringing Dwindle Ears False. Feign Foreigners Hear Heard Hearing Hearts Obedience Obey Obeyed Ruled Soon Stranger Strangers Submit Themselves Time
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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