Psalm 18:43
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You delivered me from strife with the people; you made me the head of the nations; people whom I had not known served me.

King James Bible
Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people; and thou hast made me the head of the heathen: a people whom I have not known shall serve me.

American Standard Version
Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people; Thou hast made me the head of the nations: A people whom I have not known shall serve me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou wilt deliver me from the contradictions of the people: thou wilt make me head of the Gentiles.

English Revised Version
Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people; thou hast made me the head of the nations: a people whom I have not known shall serve me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people; and thou hast made me the head of the heathen: a people whom I have not known shall serve me.

Psalm 18:43 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 18:38-41) Thus in God's strength, with the armour of God, and by God's assistance in fight, he smote, cast down, and utterly destroyed all his foes in foreign and in civil wars. According to the Hebrew syntax the whole of this passage is a retrospect. The imperfect signification of the futures in Psalm 18:38, Psalm 18:39 is made clear from the aorist which appears in Psalm 18:40, and from the perfects and futures in what follows it. The strophe begins with an echo of Exodus 15:9 (cf. supra Psalm 7:6). The poet calls his opponents קמי, as in Psalm 18:49, Psalm 44:6; Psalm 74:23, cf. קימנוּ Job 22:20, inasmuch as קוּם by itself has the sense of rising up in hostility and consequently one can say קמי instead of עלי קמים (קומים 2 Kings 16:7).

(Note: In the language of the Beduins kôm is war, feud, and kômānı̂ (denominative from kōm) my enemy (hostis); kōm also has the signification of a collective of kōmānı̂, and one can equally well say: entum waijânâ kôm, you and we are enemies, and: bênâtnâ kôm, there is war between us.)

The frequent use of this phrase (e.g., Psalm 36:13, Lamentations 1:14) shows that קום in Psalm 18:39 does not mean "to stand (resist)," but "to rise (again)." The phrase נתן ערף, however, which in other passages has those fleeing as its subject (2 Chronicles 29:6), is here differently applied: Thou gavest, or madest me mine enemies a back, i.e., those who turn back, as in Exodus 23:27. From Psalm 21:13 (תּשׁיתמו שׁכם, Symm. τάξεις αὐτοὺς ἀποστρόφους) it becomes clear that ערף is not an accusative of the member beside the accusative of the person (as e.g., in Deuteronomy 33:11), but an accusative of the factitive object according to Ges. 139, 2.

Psalm 18:43 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

from

2 Samuel 2:9,10 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel...

2 Samuel 3:1 Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but David waxed stronger and stronger...

2 Samuel 5:1-7 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David to Hebron, and spoke, saying, Behold, we are your bone and your flesh...

Acts 5:31 Him has God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Savior, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.

made

Psalm 22:27,28 All the ends of the world shall remember and turn to the LORD: and all the kindreds of the nations shall worship before you...

Psalm 108:9 Moab is my wash pot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe; over Philistia will I triumph.

2 Samuel 5:1-25 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David to Hebron, and spoke, saying, Behold, we are your bone and your flesh...

2 Samuel 8:1-18 And after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them...

2 Samuel 10:1-19 And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead...

2 Samuel 22:44-46 You also have delivered me from the strivings of my people, you have kept me to be head of the heathen...

Isaiah 49:6,22,23 And he said, It is a light thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel...

Isaiah 52:15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see...

Romans 15:12,18 And again, Esaias said, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles...

Ephesians 1:22 And has put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church,

a people

Isaiah 52:15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see...

Isaiah 55:5 Behold, you shall call a nation that you know not, and nations that knew not you shall run to you because of the LORD your God...

Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered...

Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God...

1 Peter 2:10 Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.

Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying...

Cross References
2 Samuel 3:1
There was a long war between the house of Saul and the house of David. And David grew stronger and stronger, while the house of Saul became weaker and weaker.

2 Samuel 8:1
After this David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

2 Samuel 19:9
And all the people were arguing throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, "The king delivered us from the hand of our enemies and saved us from the hand of the Philistines, and now he has fled out of the land from Absalom.

Psalm 18:47
the God who gave me vengeance and subdued peoples under me,

Psalm 35:1
Contend, O LORD, with those who contend with me; fight against those who fight against me!

Psalm 89:27
And I will make him the firstborn, the highest of the kings of the earth.

Isaiah 55:4
Behold, I made him a witness to the peoples, a leader and commander for the peoples.

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