Psalm 18:42
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I beat them fine as dust before the wind; I cast them out like the mire of the streets.

King James Bible
Then did I beat them small as the dust before the wind: I did cast them out as the dirt in the streets.

American Standard Version
Then did I beat them small as the dust before the wind; I did cast them out as the mire of the streets.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I shall beat them as small as the dust before the wind; I shall bring them to nought, like the dirt in the streets.

English Revised Version
Then did I beat them small as the dust before the wind: I did cast them out as the mire of the streets.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then I beat them small as the dust before the wind: I cast them out as the dirt in the streets.

Psalm 18:42 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 18:36-37) Yet it is not the brazen bow in itself that makes him victorious, but the helpful strength of his God. "Shield of Thy salvation" is that consisting of Thy salvation. מגן has an unchangeable , as it has always. The salvation of Jahve covered him as a shield, from which every stroke of the foe rebounded; the right hand of Jahve supported him that his hands might not become feeble in the conflict. In its ultimate cause it is the divine ענוה, to which he must trace back his greatness, i.e., God's lowliness, by virtue of which His eyes look down upon that which is on the earth (Psalm 113:6), and the poor and contrite ones are His favourite dwelling-place (Isaiah 57:15; Isaiah 66:1.); cf. B. Megilla 31a, "wherever Scripture testifies of the גבורה of the Holy One, blessed be He, it gives prominence also, in connection with it, to His condescension, ענותנוּתו, as in Deuteronomy 10:17 and in connection with it Deuteronomy 10:18, Isaiah 57:15 and Isaiah 57:15, Psalm 68:5 and Psalm 68:6." The rendering of Luther, who follows the lxx and Vulgate, "When Thou humblest me, Thou makest me great" is opposed by the fact that ענוה means the bending of one's self, and not of another. What is intended is, that condescension of God to mankind, and especially to the house of David, which was in operation, with an ultimate view to the incarnation, in the life of the son of Jesse from the time of his anointing to his death, viz., the divine χρηστότης καὶ φιλανθρωπία (Titus 3:4), which elected the shepherd boy to be king, and did not cast him off even when he fell into sin and his infirmities became manifest. To enlarge his steps under any one is equivalent to securing him room for freedom of motion (cf. the opposite form of expression in Proverbs 4:12). Jahve removed the obstacles of his course out of the way, and steeled his ankles so that he stood firm in fight and endured till he came off victorious. The praet. מעדו substantiates what, without any other indication of it, is required by the consecutio temporum, viz., that everything here has a retrospective meaning.

Psalm 18:42 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

beat

Psalm 50:22 Now consider this, you that forget God, lest I tear you in pieces, and there be none to deliver.

2 Kings 13:7 Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen...

Isaiah 41:2,15,16 Who raised up the righteous man from the east, called him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and made him rule over kings...

cast

Isaiah 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil...

Isaiah 25:10 For in this mountain shall the hand of the LORD rest, and Moab shall be trodden down under him...

Zechariah 10:5 And they shall be as mighty men, which tread down their enemies in the mire of the streets in the battle: and they shall fight...

Malachi 4:3 And you shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do this...

Cross References
Psalm 83:13
O my God, make them like whirling dust, like chaff before the wind.

Psalm 18:43
You delivered me from strife with the people; you made me the head of the nations; people whom I had not known served me.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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