Psalm 147:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He declares his word to Jacob, his statutes and rules to Israel.

King James Bible
He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel.

American Standard Version
He showeth his word unto Jacob, His statutes and his ordinances unto Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who declareth his word to Jacob: his justices and his judgments to Israel.

English Revised Version
He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
He showeth his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel.

Psalm 147:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In the lxx this strophe is a Psalm (Lauda Jerusalem) of itself. The call goes forth to the church again on the soil of the land of promise assembled round about Jerusalem. The holy city has again risen out of its ruins; it now once more has gates which can stand open in the broad daylight, and can be closed and bolted when the darkness comes on for the security of the municipality that is only just growing into power (Nehemiah 7:1-4). The blessing of God again rests upon the children of the sacred metropolis. Its territory, which has experienced all the sufferings of war, and formerly resounded with the tumult of arms and cries of woe and destruction, God has now, from being an arena of conflict, made into peace (the accusative of the effect, and therefore different from Isaiah 60:17); and since the land can now again be cultivated in peace, the ancient promise (Psalm 81:17) is fulfilled, that God would feed His people, if they would only obey Him, with the fat of wheat. The God of Israel is the almighty Governor of nature. It is He who sends His fiat (אמרתו after the manner of the ויּאמר of the history of creation, cf. Psalm 33:9) earthwards (ארץ, the accusative of the direction). The word is His messenger (vid., on Psalm 107:20), עד־מהרה, i.e., it runs as swiftly as possible, viz., in order to execute the errand on which it is sent. He it is who sends down snow-flakes like flocks of wool, so that the fields are covered with snow as with a white-woollen warming covering.

(Note: Bochart in his Hierozoicon on this passage compares an observation of Eustathius on Dionysius Periegetes: τὴν χιόνα ἐριῶδες ὕδωρ ἀστείως οἱ παλαιοὶ ἐκάλουν.)

He scatters hoar-frost (כּפור from כּפר, to cover over with the fine frozen dew or mist as though they were powdered with ashes that the wind had blown about. Another time He casts His ice

(Note: lxx (Italic, Vulgate) κρύσταλλον, i.e., ice, from the root κρυ, to freeze, to congeal (Jerome glaciem). Quid est crystallum? asks Augustine, and replies: Nix est glacie durata per multos annos ita ut a sole vel igne acile dissolvi non possit.)

(קרחו from קרח; or according to another reading, קרחו from קרח) down like morsels, fragments, כפתּים, viz., as hail-stones, or as sleet. The question: before His cold - who can stand? is formed as in Nahum 1:6, cf. Psalm 130:3. It further comes to pass that God sends forth His word and causes them (snow, hoar-frost, and ice) to melt away: He makes His thawing wind blow, waters flow; i.e., as soon as the one comes about, the other also takes place forthwith. This God now, who rules all things by His word and moulds all things according to His will, is the God of the revelation pertaining to the history of salvation, which is come to Israel, and as the bearer of which Israel takes the place of honour among the nations, Deuteronomy 4:7., 32-34. Since the poet says מגּיד and not הגּיד, he is thinking not only of the Tra, but also of prophecy as the continuous self-attestation of God, the Lawgiver. The Ker דּבריו, occasioned by the plurals of the parallel member of the verse, gives an unlimited indistinct idea. We must keep to דברו, with the lxx, Aquila, Theodotion, the Quinta, Sexta, and Jerome. The word, which is the medium of God's cosmical rule, is gone forth as a word of salvation to Israel, and, unfolding itself in statutes and judgments, has raised Israel to a legal state founded upon a positive divine law or judgment such as no Gentile nation possesses. The Hallelujah does not exult over the fact that these other nations are not acquainted with any such positive divine law, but (cf. Deuteronomy 4:7., Baruch 4:4) over the fact that Israel is put into possession of such a law. It is frequently attested elsewhere that this possession of Israel is only meant to be a means of making salvation a common property of the world at large.

Psalm 147:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sheweth

Psalm 76:1 In Judah is God known: his name is great in Israel.

Psalm 78:5 For he established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers...

Psalm 103:7 He made known his ways to Moses, his acts to the children of Israel.

Deuteronomy 33:2-4 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir to them; he shined forth from mount Paran...

Malachi 4:4 Remember you the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded to him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments.

Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that to them were committed the oracles of God.

Romans 9:4 Who are Israelites; to whom pertains the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God...

2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child you have known the holy scriptures...

word. Heb. words

Exodus 20:1 And God spoke all these words, saying,

Deuteronomy 4:12,13 And the LORD spoke to you out of the middle of the fire: you heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude...

Deuteronomy 5:22 These words the LORD spoke to all your assembly in the mount out of the middle of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness...

his statutes

Exodus 21:1 Now these are the judgments which you shall set before them.

Exodus 22:1 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

Exodus 23:1 You shall not raise a false report: put not your hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

Deuteronomy 4:1,8,45 Now therefore listen, O Israel, to the statutes and to the judgments, which I teach you, for to do them, that you may live...

Deuteronomy 5:31 But as for you, stand you here by me, and I will speak to you all the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments...

Deuteronomy 6:1 Now these are the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments, which the LORD your God commanded to teach you...

Malachi 4:4 Remember you the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded to him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments.

Cross References
Romans 3:2
Much in every way. To begin with, the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God.

Romans 9:4
They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the worship, and the promises.

Deuteronomy 33:3
Yes, he loved his people, all his holy ones were in his hand; so they followed in your steps, receiving direction from you,

Deuteronomy 33:4
when Moses commanded us a law, as a possession for the assembly of Jacob.

Psalm 78:5
He established a testimony in Jacob and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers to teach to their children,

Psalm 103:7
He made known his ways to Moses, his acts to the people of Israel.

Micah 4:12
But they do not know the thoughts of the LORD; they do not understand his plan, that he has gathered them as sheaves to the threshing floor.

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