Psalm 115:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The dead do not praise the LORD, nor do any who go down into silence.

King James Bible
The dead praise not the LORD, neither any that go down into silence.

American Standard Version
The dead praise not Jehovah, Neither any that go down into silence;

Douay-Rheims Bible
The dead shall not praise thee, O Lord: nor any of them that go down to hell.

English Revised Version
The dead praise not the LORD, neither any that go down into silence;

Webster's Bible Translation
The dead praise not the LORD, neither any that go down into silence.

Psalm 115:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

After this confession of Israel there now arises a voice that addresses itself to Israel. The threefold division into Israel, the house of Aaron, and those who fear Jahve is the same as in Psalm 118:2-4. In Psalm 135 the "house of Levi" is further added to the house of Aaron. Those who fear Jahve, who also stand in the last passage, are probably the proselytes (in the Acts of the Apostles σεβόμενοι τὸν Θεόν, or merely σεβόμενοι)

(Note: The appellation φοβούμενοι does not however occur, if we do not bring Acts 10:2 in here; but in Latin inscriptions in Orelli-Hentzen No. 2523, and in Auer in the Zeitschrift fr katholische Theologie 1852, S. 80, the proselyte (religionis Judaicae) is called metuens.))

at any rate these are included even if Israel in Psalm 115:9 is meant to signify the laity, for the notion of "those who fear Jahve" extends beyond Israel. The fact that the threefold refrain of the summons does not run, as in Psalm 33:20, our help and shield is He, is to be explained from its being an antiphonal song. In so far, however, as the Psalm supplicates God's protection and help in a campaign the declaration of confident hope, their help and shield is He, may, with Hitzig, be referred to the army that is gone or is going forth. It is the same voice which bids Israel to be of good courage and announces to the people the well-pleased acceptance of the sacrifice with the words "Jahve hath been mindful of us" (זכרנוּ ה, cf. עתּה ידעתּי, Psalm 20:7), perhaps simultaneously with the presentation of the memorial portion (אזכרה) of the meat-offering (Psalm 38:1). The יברך placed at the head is particularized threefold, corresponding to the threefold summons. The special promise of blessing which is added in Psalm 115:14 is an echo of Deuteronomy 1:11, as in 2 Samuel 24:3. The contracted future יסף we take in a consolatory sense; for as an optative it would be too isolated here. In spite of all oppression on the part of the heathen, God will make His people ever more numerous, more capable of offering resistance, and more awe-inspiring.

Psalm 115:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

dead

Psalm 6:5 For in death there is no remembrance of you: in the grave who shall give you thanks?

Psalm 30:9 What profit is there in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall the dust praise you? shall it declare your truth?

Psalm 88:10-12 Will you show wonders to the dead? shall the dead arise and praise you? Selah...

Isaiah 38:18,19 For the grave cannot praise you, death can not celebrate you: they that go down into the pit cannot hope for your truth...

go down

Psalm 31:17 Let me not be ashamed, O LORD; for I have called on you: let the wicked be ashamed, and let them be silent in the grave.

1 Samuel 2:9 He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail.

Cross References
Psalm 6:5
For in death there is no remembrance of you; in Sheol who will give you praise?

Psalm 31:17
O LORD, let me not be put to shame, for I call upon you; let the wicked be put to shame; let them go silently to Sheol.

Psalm 88:10
Do you work wonders for the dead? Do the departed rise up to praise you? Selah

Isaiah 38:18
For Sheol does not thank you; death does not praise you; those who go down to the pit do not hope for your faithfulness.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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