Psalm 115:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The heavens are the LORD’s heavens, but the earth he has given to the children of man.

King James Bible
The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD'S: but the earth hath he given to the children of men.

American Standard Version
The heavens are the heavens of Jehovah; But the earth hath he given to the children of men.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The heaven of heaven is the Lord's: but the earth he has given to the children of men.

English Revised Version
The heavens are the heavens of the LORD; but the earth hath he given to the children of men.

Webster's Bible Translation
The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD'S: but the earth hath he given to the children of men.

Psalm 115:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

After this confession of Israel there now arises a voice that addresses itself to Israel. The threefold division into Israel, the house of Aaron, and those who fear Jahve is the same as in Psalm 118:2-4. In Psalm 135 the "house of Levi" is further added to the house of Aaron. Those who fear Jahve, who also stand in the last passage, are probably the proselytes (in the Acts of the Apostles σεβόμενοι τὸν Θεόν, or merely σεβόμενοι)

(Note: The appellation φοβούμενοι does not however occur, if we do not bring Acts 10:2 in here; but in Latin inscriptions in Orelli-Hentzen No. 2523, and in Auer in the Zeitschrift fr katholische Theologie 1852, S. 80, the proselyte (religionis Judaicae) is called metuens.))

at any rate these are included even if Israel in Psalm 115:9 is meant to signify the laity, for the notion of "those who fear Jahve" extends beyond Israel. The fact that the threefold refrain of the summons does not run, as in Psalm 33:20, our help and shield is He, is to be explained from its being an antiphonal song. In so far, however, as the Psalm supplicates God's protection and help in a campaign the declaration of confident hope, their help and shield is He, may, with Hitzig, be referred to the army that is gone or is going forth. It is the same voice which bids Israel to be of good courage and announces to the people the well-pleased acceptance of the sacrifice with the words "Jahve hath been mindful of us" (זכרנוּ ה, cf. עתּה ידעתּי, Psalm 20:7), perhaps simultaneously with the presentation of the memorial portion (אזכרה) of the meat-offering (Psalm 38:1). The יברך placed at the head is particularized threefold, corresponding to the threefold summons. The special promise of blessing which is added in Psalm 115:14 is an echo of Deuteronomy 1:11, as in 2 Samuel 24:3. The contracted future יסף we take in a consolatory sense; for as an optative it would be too isolated here. In spite of all oppression on the part of the heathen, God will make His people ever more numerous, more capable of offering resistance, and more awe-inspiring.

Psalm 115:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

heaven

Psalm 89:11 The heavens are yours, the earth also is yours: as for the world and the fullness thereof, you have founded them.

Psalm 144:5 Bow your heavens, O LORD, and come down: touch the mountains, and they shall smoke.

Psalm 148:4 Praise him, you heavens of heavens, and you waters that be above the heavens.

Isaiah 66:1 Thus said the LORD, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that you build to me?...

Lamentations 3:66 Persecute and destroy them in anger from under the heavens of the LORD.

John 14:2 In my Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.

but the earth

Genesis 1:28-30 And God blessed them, and God said to them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it...

Genesis 9:1-3 And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth...

Deuteronomy 32:8 When the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam...

Jeremiah 27:5,6 I have made the earth, the man and the beast that are on the ground, by my great power and by my outstretched arm...

Cross References
Acts 17:24
The God who made the world and everything in it, being Lord of heaven and earth, does not live in temples made by man,

Deuteronomy 10:14
Behold, to the LORD your God belong heaven and the heaven of heavens, the earth with all that is in it.

Psalm 8:6
You have given him dominion over the works of your hands; you have put all things under his feet,

Psalm 89:11
The heavens are yours; the earth also is yours; the world and all that is in it, you have founded them.

Isaiah 45:18
For thus says the LORD, who created the heavens (he is God!), who formed the earth and made it (he established it; he did not create it empty, he formed it to be inhabited!): "I am the LORD, and there is no other.

Jeremiah 27:5
"It is I who by my great power and my outstretched arm have made the earth, with the men and animals that are on the earth, and I give it to whomever it seems right to me.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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