Job 39:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Is the wild ox willing to serve you? Will he spend the night at your manger?

King James Bible
Will the unicorn be willing to serve thee, or abide by thy crib?

American Standard Version
Will the wild-ox be content to serve thee? Or will he abide by thy crib?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Shall the rhinoceros be willing to serve thee, or will he stay at thy crib?

English Revised Version
Will the wild-ox be content to serve thee? or will he abide by thy crib?

Webster's Bible Translation
Will the unicorn be willing to serve thee, or abide by thy crib?

Job 39:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

1 Dost thou know the bearing time of the wild goats of the rock?

Observest thou the circles of the hinds?

2 Dost thou number the months which they fulfil,

And knowest thou the time of their bringing forth?

3 They bow down, they let their young break through,

They cast off their pains.

4 Their young ones gain strength, grow up in the desert,

They run away and do not return.

The strophe treats of the female chamois or steinbocks, ibices (perhaps including the certainly different kinds of chamois), and stags. The former are called יעלים, from יעל, Arab. w‛l (a secondary formation from עלה, Arab. ‛lâ), to mount, therefore: rock-climbers. חולל is inf. Pil.: τὸ ὠδίνειν, comp. the Pul. Job 15:7. שׁמר, to observe, exactly as Ecclesiastes 11:4; 1 Samuel 1:12; Zechariah 11:11. In Job 39:2 the question as to the expiration of the time of bearing is connected with that as to the time of bringing forth. תּספּור, plene, as Job 14:16; לדתּנה (littâna, like עת equals עדתּ) with an euphonic termination for לדתּן, as Genesis 42:36; Genesis 21:29, and also out of pause, Ruth 1:19, Ges. 91, 1, rem. 2. Instead of תּפלּחנה Olsh. wishes to read תּפלּטנה, but this (synon. תמלטנה) would be: they let slip away; the former (synon. תבקענה): they cause to divide, i.e., to break through (comp. Arab. felâh, the act of breaking through, freedom, prosperity). On כּרע, to kneel down as the posture of one in travail, vid., 1 Samuel 4:19. "They cast off their pains" is not meant of an easy working off of the after-pains (Hirz., Schlottm.), but חבל signifies in this phrase, as Schultens has first shown, meton. directly the foetus, as Arab. ḥabal, plur. ahbâl, and ὠδίν, even of a child already grown up, as being the fruit of earlier travail, e.g., in Aeschylus, Agam. 1417f.; even the like phrase, ῥίψαι ὠδῖνα equals edere foetum, is found in Euripides, Ion 45. Thus born with ease, the young animals grow rapidly to maturity (חלם, pinguescere, pubescere, whence חלום, a dream as the result of puberty, vid., Psychol. S. 282), grow in the desert (בּבּר, Targ. equals בּחוּץ, vid., i. 329, note), seek the plain, and return not again למו, sibi h. e. sui juris esse volentes (Schult.), although it might also signify ad eas, for the Hebr. is rather confused on the question of the distinction of gender, and even in חבליהם and בניהם the masc. is used ἐπικοίνως. We, however, prefer to interpret according to Job 6:19; Job 24:16. Moreover, Bochart is right: Non hic agitur de otiosa et mere speculativa cognitione, sed de ea cognitione, quae Deo propria est, qua res omnes non solum novit, sed et dirigit atque gubernat.

Job 39:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the

Numbers 23:22 God brought them out of Egypt; he has as it were the strength of an unicorn.

Deuteronomy 33:17 His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns...

Psalm 22:21 Save me from the lion's mouth: for you have heard me from the horns of the unicorns.

Psalm 92:10 But my horn shall you exalt like the horn of an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.

or

Isaiah 1:3 The ox knows his owner, and the donkey his master's crib: but Israel does not know, my people does not consider.

Cross References
Numbers 23:22
God brings them out of Egypt and is for them like the horns of the wild ox.

Deuteronomy 33:17
A firstborn bull--he has majesty, and his horns are the horns of a wild ox; with them he shall gore the peoples, all of them, to the ends of the earth; they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh."

Job 39:8
He ranges the mountains as his pasture, and he searches after every green thing.

Job 39:10
Can you bind him in the furrow with ropes, or will he harrow the valleys after you?

Psalm 22:21
Save me from the mouth of the lion! You have rescued me from the horns of the wild oxen!

Psalm 29:6
He makes Lebanon to skip like a calf, and Sirion like a young wild ox.

Psalm 92:10
But you have exalted my horn like that of the wild ox; you have poured over me fresh oil.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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