Job 39:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He ranges the mountains as his pasture, and he searches after every green thing.

King James Bible
The range of the mountains is his pasture, and he searcheth after every green thing.

American Standard Version
The range of the mountains is his pasture, And he searcheth after every green thing.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He looketh round about the mountains of his pasture, and seeketh for every green thing.

English Revised Version
The range of the mountains is his pasture, and he searcheth after every green thing.

Webster's Bible Translation
The range of the mountains is his pasture, and he searcheth after every green thing.

Job 39:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

1 Dost thou know the bearing time of the wild goats of the rock?

Observest thou the circles of the hinds?

2 Dost thou number the months which they fulfil,

And knowest thou the time of their bringing forth?

3 They bow down, they let their young break through,

They cast off their pains.

4 Their young ones gain strength, grow up in the desert,

They run away and do not return.

The strophe treats of the female chamois or steinbocks, ibices (perhaps including the certainly different kinds of chamois), and stags. The former are called יעלים, from יעל, Arab. w‛l (a secondary formation from עלה, Arab. ‛lâ), to mount, therefore: rock-climbers. חולל is inf. Pil.: τὸ ὠδίνειν, comp. the Pul. Job 15:7. שׁמר, to observe, exactly as Ecclesiastes 11:4; 1 Samuel 1:12; Zechariah 11:11. In Job 39:2 the question as to the expiration of the time of bearing is connected with that as to the time of bringing forth. תּספּור, plene, as Job 14:16; לדתּנה (littâna, like עת equals עדתּ) with an euphonic termination for לדתּן, as Genesis 42:36; Genesis 21:29, and also out of pause, Ruth 1:19, Ges. 91, 1, rem. 2. Instead of תּפלּחנה Olsh. wishes to read תּפלּטנה, but this (synon. תמלטנה) would be: they let slip away; the former (synon. תבקענה): they cause to divide, i.e., to break through (comp. Arab. felâh, the act of breaking through, freedom, prosperity). On כּרע, to kneel down as the posture of one in travail, vid., 1 Samuel 4:19. "They cast off their pains" is not meant of an easy working off of the after-pains (Hirz., Schlottm.), but חבל signifies in this phrase, as Schultens has first shown, meton. directly the foetus, as Arab. ḥabal, plur. ahbâl, and ὠδίν, even of a child already grown up, as being the fruit of earlier travail, e.g., in Aeschylus, Agam. 1417f.; even the like phrase, ῥίψαι ὠδῖνα equals edere foetum, is found in Euripides, Ion 45. Thus born with ease, the young animals grow rapidly to maturity (חלם, pinguescere, pubescere, whence חלום, a dream as the result of puberty, vid., Psychol. S. 282), grow in the desert (בּבּר, Targ. equals בּחוּץ, vid., i. 329, note), seek the plain, and return not again למו, sibi h. e. sui juris esse volentes (Schult.), although it might also signify ad eas, for the Hebr. is rather confused on the question of the distinction of gender, and even in חבליהם and בניהם the masc. is used ἐπικοίνως. We, however, prefer to interpret according to Job 6:19; Job 24:16. Moreover, Bochart is right: Non hic agitur de otiosa et mere speculativa cognitione, sed de ea cognitione, quae Deo propria est, qua res omnes non solum novit, sed et dirigit atque gubernat.

Job 39:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 40:15,20-22 Behold now behemoth, which I made with you; he eats grass as an ox...

Genesis 1:29,30 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is on the face of all the earth, and every tree...

Psalm 104:27,28 These wait all on you; that you may give them their meat in due season...

Psalm 145:15,16 The eyes of all wait on you; and you give them their meat in due season...

Cross References
Leviticus 11:35
And everything on which any part of their carcass falls shall be unclean. Whether oven or stove, it shall be broken in pieces. They are unclean and shall remain unclean for you.

Job 39:7
He scorns the tumult of the city; he hears not the shouts of the driver.

Job 39:9
"Is the wild ox willing to serve you? Will he spend the night at your manger?

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