Job 39:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Who has let the wild donkey go free? Who has loosed the bonds of the swift donkey,

King James Bible
Who hath sent out the wild ass free? or who hath loosed the bands of the wild ass?

American Standard Version
Who hath sent out the wild ass free? Or who hath loosed the bonds of the swift ass,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who hath sent out the wild ass free, and who hath loosed his bonds?

English Revised Version
Who hath sent out the wild ass free? or who hath loosed the bands of the wild ass?

Webster's Bible Translation
Who hath sent out the wild ass free? or who hath loosed the bands of the wild ass?

Job 39:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

39 Dost thou hunt for the prey of the lioness

And still the desire of the young lions,

40 When they couch in the dens,

Sit in the thicket lying in wait for prey?

41 Who provideth for the raven its food,

When its young ones cry to God,

They wander about without food?

On the wealth of the Old Testament language in names for the lion, vid., on Job 4:10. לביא can be used of the lioness; the more exact name of the lioness is לביּה, for לביא is equals לבי, whence לבאים, lions, and לבאות, lionesses. The lioness is mentioned first, because she has to provide for her young ones (גּוּרים); then the lions that are still young, but yet are left to themselves, כּפירים. The phrase מלּא חיּה (comp. חיּה of life that needs nourishment, Job 33:20) is equivalent to מלּא נפשׁ, Proverbs 6:30 (Psychol. S. 204 ad fin.). The book of Psalms here furnishes parallels to every word: comp. on Job 38:39, Psalm 104:21; on ישׁחוּ, Psalm 10:10;

(Note: The Semitic is rich in such words as describe the couching posture of beasts of prey lying in wait for their prey, which then in general signify to lie in wait, lurk, wait (רצד, רבץ, Arab. rbṣ, lbd, wkkd); Arab. q‛d lh, subsedit ei, i.e., insidiatus est ei, which corresponds to ישׁבו, Job 38:40, also belongs here, comp. Psalter, i. 500 note.)

on מעונות, lustra, Psalm 104:22 (compared on Job 37:8 already); on סכּה, סך, which is used just in the same way, Psalm 10:9; Jeremiah 25:38. The picture of the crying ravens has its parallel in Psalm 147:9. כּי, quum, is followed by the fut. in the signif. of the praes., as Psalm 11:3. As here, in the Sermon on the Mount in Luke 12:24 the ravens, which by their hoarse croaking make themselves most observed everywhere among birds that seek their food, are mentioned instead of the fowls of heaven.

Job 39:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the wild

Job 6:5 Does the wild donkey bray when he has grass? or lows the ox over his fodder?

Job 11:12 For vain men would be wise, though man be born like a wild ass's colt.

Job 24:5 Behold, as wild donkeys in the desert, go they forth to their work; rising betimes for a prey...

Genesis 16:12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him...

Psalm 104:11 They give drink to every beast of the field: the wild donkeys quench their thirst.

Isaiah 32:14 Because the palaces shall be forsaken; the multitude of the city shall be left; the forts and towers shall be for dens for ever...

Jeremiah 2:24 A wild donkey used to the wilderness, that snuffs up the wind at her pleasure; in her occasion who can turn her away?...

Jeremiah 14:6 And the wild donkeys did stand in the high places, they snuffed up the wind like dragons; their eyes did fail...

Daniel 5:21 And he was driven from the sons of men; and his heart was made like the beasts, and his dwelling was with the wild donkeys...

Hosea 8:9 For they are gone up to Assyria, a wild donkey alone by himself: Ephraim has hired lovers.

who hath loosed

Genesis 49:14 Issachar is a strong donkey couching down between two burdens:

Cross References
Genesis 16:12
He shall be a wild donkey of a man, his hand against everyone and everyone's hand against him, and he shall dwell over against all his kinsmen."

Job 6:5
Does the wild donkey bray when he has grass, or the ox low over his fodder?

Job 11:12
But a stupid man will get understanding when a wild donkey's colt is born a man!

Job 24:5
Behold, like wild donkeys in the desert the poor go out to their toil, seeking game; the wasteland yields food for their children.

Job 39:4
Their young ones become strong; they grow up in the open; they go out and do not return to them.

Psalm 104:11
they give drink to every beast of the field; the wild donkeys quench their thirst.

Jeremiah 14:6
The wild donkeys stand on the bare heights; they pant for air like jackals; their eyes fail because there is no vegetation.

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