Job 38:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Can you bind the chains of the Pleiades or loose the cords of Orion?

King James Bible
Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion?

American Standard Version
Canst thou bind the cluster of the Pleiades, Or loose the bands of Orion?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Shalt thou be able to join together the shining stars the Pleiades, or canst thou stop the turning about of Arcturus?

English Revised Version
Canst thou bind the cluster of the Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion?

Webster's Bible Translation
Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion?

Job 38:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

22 Hast thou reached the treasures of the snow,

And didst thou see the treasures of the hail,

23 Which I have reserved for a time of trouble,

For the day of battle and war?

24 Which is the way where the light is divided,

Where the east wind is scattered over the earth?

25 Who divideth a course for the rain-flood

And the way of the lightning of thunder,

26 That it raineth on the land where no one dwelleth,

On the tenantless steppe,

27 To satisfy the desolate and the waste,

And to cause the tender shoot of the grass to spring forth?

The idea in Job 38:22 is not that - as for instance the peasants of Menn, four hours' journey from Damascus, garner up the winter snow in a cleft of the rock, in order to convey it to Damascus and the towns of the coast in the hot months - God treasures up the snow and hail above to cause it to descend according to opportunity. אצרות (comp. Psalm 135:7) are the final causes of these phenomena which God has created - the form of the question, the design of which (which must not be forgotten) is ethical, not scientific, is regulated according to the infancy of the perception of natural phenomena among the ancients; but at the same time in accordance with the poet's task, and even, as here, in the choice of the agents of destruction, not merely hail, but also snow, according to the scene of the incident. Wetzstein has in his possession a writing of Muhammed el-Chatb el-Bosrwi, in which he describes a fearful fall of snow in Hauran, by which, in February 1860, innumerable herds of sheep, goats, and camels, and also many human beings perished.

(Note: Since the Hauranites say of snow as of fire: jahrik, it burns (brlant in French is also used of extreme cold), Job 1:16 might also be understood of a fall of snow; but the tenor of the words there requires it to be understood of actual fire.)

continued...

Job 38:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Pleiades. or, the seven stars. Heb. Cimah

Job 9:9 Which makes Arcturus, Orion, and Pleiades, and the chambers of the south.

*marg:

Amos 5:8 Seek him that makes the seven stars and Orion, and turns the shadow of death into the morning, and makes the day dark with night...

Orion. or, Cesil

Cross References
Job 9:9
who made the Bear and Orion, the Pleiades and the chambers of the south;

Job 38:30
The waters become hard like stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

Job 38:32
Can you lead forth the Mazzaroth in their season, or can you guide the Bear with its children?

Amos 5:8
He who made the Pleiades and Orion, and turns deep darkness into the morning and darkens the day into night, who calls for the waters of the sea and pours them out on the surface of the earth, the LORD is his name;

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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