Jeremiah 7:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Is it I whom they provoke? declares the LORD. Is it not themselves, to their own shame?

King James Bible
Do they provoke me to anger? saith the LORD: do they not provoke themselves to the confusion of their own faces?

American Standard Version
Do they provoke me to anger? saith Jehovah; do they not provoke themselves, to the confusion of their own faces?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Do they provoke me to anger, saith the Lord? Is it not themselves, to the confusion of their contenance?

English Revised Version
Do they provoke me to anger? saith the LORD; do they not provoke themselves, to the confusion of their own faces?

Webster's Bible Translation
Do they provoke me to anger? saith the LORD: do they not provoke themselves to the confusion of their own faces?

Jeremiah 7:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The temple is to undergo the fate of the former sanctuary at Shiloh. This threat is introduced by a grounding כּי, for. This for refers to the central idea of the last verse, that they must not build their expectations on the temple, hold it to be a pledge for their safety. For since the Lord has seen how they have profaned and still profane it, He will destroy it, as the sanctuary at Shiloh was destroyed. The rhetorical mode of utterance, Go to the place, etc., contributes to strengthen the threatening. They were to behold with their own eyes the fate of the sanctuary at Shiloh, that so they might understand that the sacredness of a place does not save it from overthrow, if men have desecrated it by their wickedness. We have no historical notice of the event to which Jeremiah refers. At Shiloh, now Seiln (in ruins) the Mosaic tabernacle was erected after the conquest of Canaan (Joshua 18:1), and there it was still standing in the time of the high priest Eli, 1 Samuel 1:1-3; but the ark, which had fallen into the hands of the Philistines at the time of their victory (1 Samuel 4), was not brought back to the tabernacle when it was restored again to the Israelites. In the reign of Saul we find the tabernacle at Nob (1 Samuel 21:2.). The words of Jeremiah 7:12 intimate, that at that time "the place of God at Shiloh" was lying in ruins. As Hitz. justly remarks, the destruction of it is not to be understood of its gradual decay after the removal of the ark (1 Samuel 4:11; 1 Samuel 7:1.); the words imply a devastation or destruction, not of the place of God at Shiloh only, but of the place Shiloh itself. This is clearly seen from Jeremiah 7:14 : I will do unto this house (the temple), and the place which I gave to your fathers, as I have done unto Shiloh. This destruction did not take place when the Assyrians overthrew the kingdom of the ten tribes, but much earlier. It may, indeed, be gathered from Judges 18:20, Judges 18:31 (see the comment. on this passage), that it was as early as the time of Saul, during a Syrian invasion. By the destruction of the place of God at Shiloh, we need not understand that the tabernacle itself, with its altar and other sacred furniture (except the ark), was swept away. Such a view is contradicted by the statement in 1 Chronicles 21:29; 2 Chronicles 1:3, according to which the tabernacle built by Moses in the wilderness was still standing at Gibeon in David's time, and in the beginning of Solomon's reign; cf. with 2 Chronicles 1:5, when the brazen altar of burnt-offering is expressly mentioned as that which was made by Bezaleel. Hence it is clear that the Mosaic tabernacle, with its altar of burnt-offering, had been preserved, and consequently that it must have been moved first from Shiloh to Nob, and then, when Saul sacked this town (1 Samuel 22), to Gibeon. The destruction of the place of God in Shiloh must accordingly have consisted in this, that not only was the tabernacle with the altar carried off from thence, but the buildings necessary in connection with the maintenance of the public worship which surrounded it were swept away when the city was plundered, so that of the place of the sanctuary nothing was left remaining. It is clear that about the tabernacle there were various buildings which, along with the tabernacle and its altars, constituted "the house of God at Shiloh;" for in 1 Samuel 3 we are told that Samuel slept in the temple of Jahveh (1 Samuel 3:3), and that in the morning he opened the doors of the house of God (1 Samuel 3:15). Hence we may gather, that round about the court of the tabernacle there were buildings erected, which were used partly as a dwelling-place for the officiating priests and Levites, and partly for storing up the heave-offerings, and for preparing the thank-offerings at the sacrificial meals (1 Samuel 2:11-21). This whole system of buildings surrounding the tabernacle, with its court and altar of burnt-offering, was called the "house of God;" from which name Graf erroneously inferred that there was at Shiloh a temple like the one in Jerusalem. The wickedness of my people, is the Israelites' fall into idolatry in Eli's time, because of which the Lord gave up Israel into the power of the Philistines and other enemies (Judges 13:1; cf. 1 Samuel 7:3). "These deeds" (Jeremiah 7:13) are the sins named in Jeremiah 7:9. ואדבּר is a continuation of the infinitive sentence, and is still dependent on יען. Speaking from early morn, i.e., speaking earnestly and unremittingly; cf. Gesen. 131, 3, b. I have called you, i.e., to repent, and ye have not answered, i.e., have not repented and turned to me.

Jeremiah 7:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

they provoke.

Jeremiah 2:17,19 Have you not procured this to yourself, in that you have forsaken the LORD your God, when he led you by the way...

Deuteronomy 32:16,21,22 They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they him to anger...

Isaiah 1:20,24 But if you refuse and rebel, you shall be devoured with the sword: for the mouth of the LORD has spoken it...

Ezekiel 8:17,18 Then he said to me, Have you seen this, O son of man...

1 Corinthians 10:22 Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

the confusion.

Jeremiah 20:11 But the LORD is with me as a mighty terrible one: therefore my persecutors shall stumble, and they shall not prevail...

Ezra 9:7 Since the days of our fathers have we been in a great trespass to this day; and for our iniquities have we, our kings, and our priests...

Isaiah 45:16 They shall be ashamed, and also confounded, all of them: they shall go to confusion together that are makers of idols.

Daniel 9:7,8 O LORD, righteousness belongs to you, but to us confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah...

Cross References
1 Corinthians 10:22
Shall we provoke the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than he?

Job 35:6
If you have sinned, what do you accomplish against him? And if your transgressions are multiplied, what do you do to him?

Jeremiah 8:19
Behold, the cry of the daughter of my people from the length and breadth of the land: "Is the LORD not in Zion? Is her King not in her?" "Why have they provoked me to anger with their carved images and with their foreign idols?"

Jeremiah 9:19
For a sound of wailing is heard from Zion: 'How we are ruined! We are utterly shamed, because we have left the land, because they have cast down our dwellings.'"

Jeremiah 15:9
She who bore seven has grown feeble; she has fainted away; her sun went down while it was yet day; she has been shamed and disgraced. And the rest of them I will give to the sword before their enemies, declares the LORD."

Jeremiah 22:22
The wind shall shepherd all your shepherds, and your lovers shall go into captivity; then you will be ashamed and confounded because of all your evil.

Jeremiah 25:7
Yet you have not listened to me, declares the LORD, that you might provoke me to anger with the work of your hands to your own harm.

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