Exodus 31:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And he gave to Moses, when he had finished speaking with him on Mount Sinai, the two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written with the finger of God.

King James Bible
And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

American Standard Version
And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, the two tables of the testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord, when he had ended these words in mount Sinai, gave to Moses two stone tables of testimony, written with the finger of God.

English Revised Version
And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, the two tables of the testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

Webster's Bible Translation
And to Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, he gave two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

Exodus 31:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(cf. Exodus 35:2-3). God concludes by enforcing the observance of His Sabbaths in the most solemn manner, repeating the threat of death and extermination in the case of every transgressor. The repetition and further development of this command, which was included already in the decalogue, is quite in its proper place here, inasmuch as the thought might easily have occurred, that it was allowable to omit the keeping of the Sabbath, when the execution of so great a work in honour of Jehovah had been commanded. "My Sabbaths:" by these we are to understand the weekly Sabbaths, not the other sabbatical festivals, since the words which follow apply to the weekly Sabbath alone. This was "a sign between Jehovah and Israel for all generations, to know (i.e., by which Israel might learn) that it was Jehovah who sanctified them," viz., by the sabbatical rest (see at Exodus 20:11). It was therefore a holy thing for Israel (Exodus 31:14), the desecration of which would be followed by the punishment of death, as a breach of the covenant. The kernel of the Sabbath commandment is repeated in Exodus 31:15; the seventh day of the week, however, is not simply designated a "Sabbath," but שׁבּתון שׁבּת "a high Sabbath" (the repetition of the same word, or of an abstract form of the concrete noun, denoting the superlative; see Ges. 113, 2), and "holy to Jehovah" (see at Exodus 16:23). For this reason Israel was to keep it in all future generations, i.e., to observe it as an eternal covenant (Exodus 31:16), as in the case of circumcision, since it was to be a sign for ever between Jehovah and the children of Israel (Ezekiel 20:20). The eternal duration of this sign was involved in the signification of the sabbatical rest, which is pointed out in Exodus 20:11, and reaches forward into eternity.

Exodus 31:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

gave

Exodus 24:12,18 And the LORD said to Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give you tables of stone, and a law...

Exodus 32:15,16 And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand...

Exodus 34:1-4,28,29 And the LORD said to Moses, Hew you two tables of stone like to the first...

Deuteronomy 4:13 And he declared to you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten commandments...

Deuteronomy 5:22 These words the LORD spoke to all your assembly in the mount out of the middle of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness...

Deuteronomy 9:9-11 When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant which the LORD made with you...

2 Corinthians 3:3 For as much as you are manifestly declared to be the letter of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink...

the finger

Exodus 8:19 Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, This is the finger of God: and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he listened not to them...

Exodus 32:16 And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven on the tables.

Jeremiah 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, said the LORD...

Matthew 12:28 But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come to you.

Luke 11:20 But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come on you.

2 Corinthians 3:7,8 But if the ministration of death, written and engraved in stones, was glorious...

Cross References
2 Corinthians 3:3
And you show that you are a letter from Christ delivered by us, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts.

2 Corinthians 3:7
Now if the ministry of death, carved in letters on stone, came with such glory that the Israelites could not gaze at Moses' face because of its glory, which was being brought to an end,

Hebrews 9:4
having the golden altar of incense and the ark of the covenant covered on all sides with gold, in which was a golden urn holding the manna, and Aaron's staff that budded, and the tablets of the covenant.

Exodus 24:12
The LORD said to Moses, "Come up to me on the mountain and wait there, that I may give you the tablets of stone, with the law and the commandment, which I have written for their instruction."

Exodus 32:15
Then Moses turned and went down from the mountain with the two tablets of the testimony in his hand, tablets that were written on both sides; on the front and on the back they were written.

Exodus 32:16
The tablets were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, engraved on the tablets.

Exodus 34:1
The LORD said to Moses, "Cut for yourself two tablets of stone like the first, and I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke.

Jump to Previous
Communing End Ended Finger Finished Finisheth God's Inscribed Law Moses Mount Sinai Speaking Stone Stones Tables Tablets Talk Testimony Writing Written
Jump to Next
Communing End Ended Finger Finished Finisheth God's Inscribed Law Moses Mount Sinai Speaking Stone Stones Tables Tablets Talk Testimony Writing Written
Links
Exodus 31:18 NIV
Exodus 31:18 NLT
Exodus 31:18 ESV
Exodus 31:18 NASB
Exodus 31:18 KJV

Exodus 31:18 Bible Apps
Exodus 31:18 Biblia Paralela
Exodus 31:18 Chinese Bible
Exodus 31:18 French Bible
Exodus 31:18 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Exodus 31:17
Top of Page
Top of Page