Exodus 30:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And you shall say to the people of Israel, ‘This shall be my holy anointing oil throughout your generations.

King James Bible
And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be an holy anointing oil unto me throughout your generations.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be a holy anointing oil unto me throughout your generations.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou shalt say to the children of Israel: This oil of unction shall be holy unto me throughout your generations.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be an holy anointing oil unto me throughout your generations.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt speak to the children of Israel, saying, This shall be a holy anointing oil to me, throughout your generations.

Exodus 30:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Holy Anointing Oil. - This was to be prepared from the best perfumes ראשׁע בּשׂמים, where ראשׁע, caput, the principal or chief, is subordinate to בּשׂמים), viz., of four fragrant spices and olive-oil. The spices were, (1) liquid myrrh, as distinguished from the dry gum; - (2) קנּמן־בּשׂם, cinnamon of fragrance, the name having been introduced to the Semitic nations along with the thing itself, and then by the Phoenicians to the Greeks and Romans (κίνναμον, cinnamum): whether it came from Ceylon, the great mart of cinnamon, is very doubtful, as there is not word that can be discovered in the Indian dialects corresponding to cinnamon; - (3) cane of fragrance, the κάλαμος ἀρωματικός, calamus odoratus, of the Greek sand Romans, i.e., the scented calamus which is imported from India; - and (4) kiddah, probably cassia, and possibly the species called κιττώ in Dioscor. 1, 12, in which case קציעה (Psalm 45:9) is either the generic name for cassia, or else refers to a different species. The proportion in which these spices were to be taken was 500 shekels or 14 1/2 lbs. of myrrh, half the quantity, i.e., 7 lbs, of cinnamon, and the same of calamus and cassia; in all, therefore, 21 lbs. of dry spices, which were to be mixed with one hin of oil (about 5 quarts) and 14 lbs. of liquid myrrh. These proportions preclude the supposition, that the spices were pulverized and mixed with the oil and myrrh in their natural condition, for the result in that case would have been a thick mess: they rather favour the statement of the Rabbins, that the dry spices were softened in water and boiled, to extract their essence, which was then mixed with oil and myrrh, and boiled again until all the watery part had evaporated. An artificial production of this kind is also indicated by the expressions מרקחת רקח "spice-work of spice-mixture," and רקח מעשׂה "labour (work) of the perfumer or ointment-maker."

Exodus 30:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

an holy

Exodus 37:29 And he made the holy anointing oil, and the pure incense of sweet spices, according to the work of the apothecary.

Leviticus 8:12 And he poured of the anointing oil on Aaron's head, and anointed him, to sanctify him.

Leviticus 21:10 And he that is the high priest among his brothers, on whose head the anointing oil was poured...

Psalm 89:20 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:

Cross References
Exodus 29:21
Then you shall take part of the blood that is on the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron and his garments, and on his sons and his sons' garments with him. He and his garments shall be holy, and his sons and his sons' garments with him.

Exodus 30:30
You shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may serve me as priests.

Exodus 30:32
It shall not be poured on the body of an ordinary person, and you shall make no other like it in composition. It is holy, and it shall be holy to you.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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