Exodus 30:30
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may serve me as priests.

King James Bible
And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and sanctify them, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and shalt sanctify them, that they may do the office of priesthood unto me.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and sanctify them, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister to me in the priest's office.

Exodus 30:30 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Holy Anointing Oil. - This was to be prepared from the best perfumes ראשׁע בּשׂמים, where ראשׁע, caput, the principal or chief, is subordinate to בּשׂמים), viz., of four fragrant spices and olive-oil. The spices were, (1) liquid myrrh, as distinguished from the dry gum; - (2) קנּמן־בּשׂם, cinnamon of fragrance, the name having been introduced to the Semitic nations along with the thing itself, and then by the Phoenicians to the Greeks and Romans (κίνναμον, cinnamum): whether it came from Ceylon, the great mart of cinnamon, is very doubtful, as there is not word that can be discovered in the Indian dialects corresponding to cinnamon; - (3) cane of fragrance, the κάλαμος ἀρωματικός, calamus odoratus, of the Greek sand Romans, i.e., the scented calamus which is imported from India; - and (4) kiddah, probably cassia, and possibly the species called κιττώ in Dioscor. 1, 12, in which case קציעה (Psalm 45:9) is either the generic name for cassia, or else refers to a different species. The proportion in which these spices were to be taken was 500 shekels or 14 1/2 lbs. of myrrh, half the quantity, i.e., 7 lbs, of cinnamon, and the same of calamus and cassia; in all, therefore, 21 lbs. of dry spices, which were to be mixed with one hin of oil (about 5 quarts) and 14 lbs. of liquid myrrh. These proportions preclude the supposition, that the spices were pulverized and mixed with the oil and myrrh in their natural condition, for the result in that case would have been a thick mess: they rather favour the statement of the Rabbins, that the dry spices were softened in water and boiled, to extract their essence, which was then mixed with oil and myrrh, and boiled again until all the watery part had evaporated. An artificial production of this kind is also indicated by the expressions מרקחת רקח "spice-work of spice-mixture," and רקח מעשׂה "labour (work) of the perfumer or ointment-maker."

Exodus 30:30 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

anoint

Exodus 29:7 Then shall you take the anointing oil, and pour it on his head, and anoint him.

Exodus 40:15 And you shall anoint them, as you did anoint their father, that they may minister to me in the priest's office...

Leviticus 8:12,30 And he poured of the anointing oil on Aaron's head, and anointed him, to sanctify him...

Numbers 3:3 These are the names of the sons of Aaron, the priests which were anointed, whom he consecrated to minister in the priest's office.

consecrate

Exodus 28:3 And you shall speak to all that are wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom...

Exodus 29:9,35 And you shall gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them...

Cross References
Exodus 28:41
And you shall put them on Aaron your brother, and on his sons with him, and shall anoint them and ordain them and consecrate them, that they may serve me as priests.

Exodus 29:7
You shall take the anointing oil and pour it on his head and anoint him.

Exodus 30:29
You shall consecrate them, that they may be most holy. Whatever touches them will become holy.

Exodus 30:31
And you shall say to the people of Israel, 'This shall be my holy anointing oil throughout your generations.

Leviticus 8:12
And he poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron's head and anointed him to consecrate him.

Leviticus 10:3
Then Moses said to Aaron, "This is what the LORD has said: 'Among those who are near me I will be sanctified, and before all the people I will be glorified.'" And Aaron held his peace.

Psalm 133:2
It is like the precious oil on the head, running down on the beard, on the beard of Aaron, running down on the collar of his robes!

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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