Exodus 22:28
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“You shall not revile God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not revile God, nor curse a ruler of thy people.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not speak ill of the gods, and the prince of thy people thou shalt not curse.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not revile God, nor curse a ruler of thy people.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.

Exodus 22:28 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Israelites were not to offer sacrifice to foreign deities; but a foreigner himself they were not only to tolerate, but were not to vex or oppress him, bearing in mind that they also had been foreigners in Egypt (cf. Exodus 23:9, and Leviticus 19:33-34). - Whilst the foreigner, as having no rights, is thus commended to the kindness of the people through their remembrance of what they themselves had experienced in Egypt, those members of the nation itself who were most in need of protection (viz., widows and orphans) are secured from humiliation by an assurance of the special care and watchfulness of Jehovah, under which such forsaken ones stand, inasmuch as Jehovah Himself would take their troubles upon Himself, and punish their oppressors with just retribution. ענּה to humiliate, includes not only unjust oppression, but every kind of cold and contemptuous treatment. The suffix in אתו (Exodus 22:23) refers to both אלמנה and יתום, according to the rule that when there are two or more subjects of different genders, the masculine is employed (Ges. 148, 2). The כּי before אם expresses a strong assurance: "yea, if he cries to Me, I will hearken to him" (see Ewald, 330b). "Killing with the sword" points to wars, in which men and fathers of families perish, and their wives and children are made widows and orphans.

Exodus 22:28 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the gods. or judges

Exodus 22:8,9 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought to the judges...

Psalm 32:6 For this shall every one that is godly pray to you in a time when you may be found...

Psalm 82:1-7 God stands in the congregation of the mighty; he judges among the gods...

Psalm 138:1 I will praise you with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing praise to you.

John 10:34,35 Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, You are gods...

nor curse

Exodus 21:17 And he that curses his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

1 Samuel 24:6,10 And he said to his men, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the LORD's anointed...

1 Samuel 26:9 And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against the LORD's anointed, and be guiltless?

Ecclesiastes 10:20 Curse not the king, no not in your thought; and curse not the rich in your bedchamber: for a bird of the air shall carry the voice...

Acts 23:3,5 Then said Paul to him, God shall smite you, you white washed wall: for sit you to judge me after the law...

Romans 13:2-7 Whoever therefore resists the power, resists the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation...

Titus 3:1,2 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work...

1 Peter 2:17 Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.

2 Peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, self-willed...

Jude 1:8 Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.

Cross References
Acts 23:5
And Paul said, "I did not know, brothers, that he was the high priest, for it is written, 'You shall not speak evil of a ruler of your people.'"

2 Peter 2:10
and especially those who indulge in the lust of defiling passion and despise authority. Bold and willful, they do not tremble as they blaspheme the glorious ones,

Exodus 22:9
For every breach of trust, whether it is for an ox, for a donkey, for a sheep, for a cloak, or for any kind of lost thing, of which one says, 'This is it,' the case of both parties shall come before God. The one whom God condemns shall pay double to his neighbor.

Leviticus 24:11
and the Israelite woman's son blasphemed the Name, and cursed. Then they brought him to Moses. His mother's name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan.

Leviticus 24:15
And speak to the people of Israel, saying, Whoever curses his God shall bear his sin.

Leviticus 24:16
Whoever blasphemes the name of the LORD shall surely be put to death. All the congregation shall stone him. The sojourner as well as the native, when he blasphemes the Name, shall be put to death.

2 Samuel 16:5
When King David came to Bahurim, there came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera, and as he came he cursed continually.

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