Exodus 22:25
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“If you lend money to any of my people with you who is poor, you shall not be like a moneylender to him, and you shall not exact interest from him.

King James Bible
If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.

American Standard Version
If thou lend money to any of my people with thee that is poor, thou shalt not be to him as a creditor; neither shall ye lay upon him interest.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor, that dwelleth with thee, thou shalt not be hard upon them as an extortioner, nor oppress them with usuries.

English Revised Version
If thou lend money to any of my people with thee that is poor, thou shalt not be to him as a creditor; neither shall ye lay upon him usury.

Webster's Bible Translation
If thou shalt lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as a usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.

Exodus 22:25 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The laws which follow, from Exodus 22:18 onwards, differ both in form and subject-matter from the determinations of right which we have been studying hitherto: in form, through the omission of the כּי with which the others were almost invariably introduced; in subject-matter, inasmuch as they make demands upon Israel on the ground of its election to be the holy nation of Jehovah, which go beyond the sphere of natural right, not only prohibiting every inversion of the natural order of things, but requiring the manifestation of love to the infirm and needy out of regard to Jehovah. The transition from the former series to the present one is made by the command in Exodus 22:18, "Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live;" witchcraft being, on the one hand, "the vilest way of injuring a neighbour in his property, or even in his body and life" (Ranke), whilst, on the other hand, employment of powers of darkness for the purpose of injuring a neighbour was a practical denial of the divine vocation of Israel, as well as of Jehovah the Holy One of Israel. The witch is mentioned instead of the wizard, "not because witchcraft was not to be punished in the case of men, but because the female sex was more addicted to this crime" (Calovius). תחיּה לא (shalt not suffer to live) is chosen instead of the ordinary יוּמת מות (shall surely die), which is used in Leviticus 20:27 of wizards also, not "because the lawgiver intended that the Hebrew witch should be put to death in any case, and the foreigner only if she would not go when she was banished" (Knobel), but because every Hebrew witch was not to be put to death, but regard was to be had to the fact that witchcraft is often nothing but jugglery, and only those witches were to be put to death who would not give up their witchcraft when it was forbidden. Witchcraft is followed in Exodus 22:19 by the unnatural crime of lying with a beast; and this is also threatened with the punishment of death (see Leviticus 18:23, and Leviticus 20:15-16).

Exodus 22:25 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 25:35-37 And if your brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with you; then you shall relieve him: yes, though he be a stranger...

Deuteronomy 23:19,20 You shall not lend on usury to your brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent on usury...

2 Kings 4:1,7 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets to Elisha, saying, Your servant my husband is dead...

Nehemiah 5:2-5,7,10,11 For there were that said, We, our sons, and our daughters, are many: therefore we take up corn for them, that we may eat, and live...

Psalm 15:5 He that puts not out his money to usury, nor takes reward against the innocent. He that does these things shall never be moved.

Proverbs 28:8 He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.

Jeremiah 15:10 Woe is me, my mother, that you have borne me a man of strife and a man of contention to the whole earth! I have neither lent on usury...

Ezekiel 18:8,17 He that has not given forth on usury, neither has taken any increase, that has withdrawn his hand from iniquity...

Matthew 25:27 You ought therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and then at my coming I should have received my own with usury.

Luke 19:23 Why then gave not you my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required my own with usury?

Cross References
Leviticus 25:35
"If your brother becomes poor and cannot maintain himself with you, you shall support him as though he were a stranger and a sojourner, and he shall live with you.

Leviticus 25:36
Take no interest from him or profit, but fear your God, that your brother may live beside you.

Deuteronomy 15:7
"If among you, one of your brothers should become poor, in any of your towns within your land that the LORD your God is giving you, you shall not harden your heart or shut your hand against your poor brother,

Deuteronomy 23:19
"You shall not charge interest on loans to your brother, interest on money, interest on food, interest on anything that is lent for interest.

Deuteronomy 23:20
You may charge a foreigner interest, but you may not charge your brother interest, that the LORD your God may bless you in all that you undertake in the land that you are entering to take possession of it.

Nehemiah 5:7
I took counsel with myself, and I brought charges against the nobles and the officials. I said to them, "You are exacting interest, each from his brother." And I held a great assembly against them

Psalm 15:5
who does not put out his money at interest and does not take a bribe against the innocent. He who does these things shall never be moved.

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