Exodus 22:24
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and my wrath will burn, and I will kill you with the sword, and your wives shall become widows and your children fatherless.

King James Bible
And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

American Standard Version
and my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And my rage shall be enkindled, and I will strike you with the sword, and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

English Revised Version
and my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

Webster's Bible Translation
And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

Exodus 22:24 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The laws which follow, from Exodus 22:18 onwards, differ both in form and subject-matter from the determinations of right which we have been studying hitherto: in form, through the omission of the כּי with which the others were almost invariably introduced; in subject-matter, inasmuch as they make demands upon Israel on the ground of its election to be the holy nation of Jehovah, which go beyond the sphere of natural right, not only prohibiting every inversion of the natural order of things, but requiring the manifestation of love to the infirm and needy out of regard to Jehovah. The transition from the former series to the present one is made by the command in Exodus 22:18, "Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live;" witchcraft being, on the one hand, "the vilest way of injuring a neighbour in his property, or even in his body and life" (Ranke), whilst, on the other hand, employment of powers of darkness for the purpose of injuring a neighbour was a practical denial of the divine vocation of Israel, as well as of Jehovah the Holy One of Israel. The witch is mentioned instead of the wizard, "not because witchcraft was not to be punished in the case of men, but because the female sex was more addicted to this crime" (Calovius). תחיּה לא (shalt not suffer to live) is chosen instead of the ordinary יוּמת מות (shall surely die), which is used in Leviticus 20:27 of wizards also, not "because the lawgiver intended that the Hebrew witch should be put to death in any case, and the foreigner only if she would not go when she was banished" (Knobel), but because every Hebrew witch was not to be put to death, but regard was to be had to the fact that witchcraft is often nothing but jugglery, and only those witches were to be put to death who would not give up their witchcraft when it was forbidden. Witchcraft is followed in Exodus 22:19 by the unnatural crime of lying with a beast; and this is also threatened with the punishment of death (see Leviticus 18:23, and Leviticus 20:15-16).

Exodus 22:24 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

my wrath

Job 31:23 For destruction from God was a terror to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure.

Psalm 69:24 Pour out your indignation on them, and let your wrathful anger take hold of them.

Psalm 76:7 You, even you, are to be feared: and who may stand in your sight when once you are angry?

Psalm 90:11 Who knows the power of your anger? even according to your fear, so is your wrath.

Nahum 1:6 Who can stand before his indignation? and who can abide in the fierceness of his anger? his fury is poured out like fire...

Romans 2:5-9 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation...

Hebrews 10:31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

your wives

Job 27:13-15 This is the portion of a wicked man with God, and the heritage of oppressors, which they shall receive of the Almighty...

Psalm 78:63,64 The fire consumed their young men; and their maidens were not given to marriage...

Psalm 109:9 Let his children be fatherless, and his wife a widow.

Jeremiah 15:8 Their widows are increased to me above the sand of the seas...

Jeremiah 18:21 Therefore deliver up their children to the famine, and pour out their blood by the force of the sword...

Lamentations 5:3 We are orphans and fatherless, our mothers are as widows.

Luke 6:38 Give, and it shall be given to you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom...

Cross References
Psalm 109:2
For wicked and deceitful mouths are opened against me, speaking against me with lying tongues.

Psalm 109:9
May his children be fatherless and his wife a widow!

Lamentations 5:3
We have become orphans, fatherless; our mothers are like widows.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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