Exodus 19:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the LORD had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain trembled greatly.

King James Bible
And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.

American Standard Version
And mount Sinai, the whole of it, smoked, because Jehovah descended upon it in fire; and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And all mount Sinai was on a smoke: because the Lord was come down upon it in fire, and the smoke arose from it as out of a furnace: and all the mount was terrible.

English Revised Version
And mount Sinai was altogether on smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.

Webster's Bible Translation
And mount Sinai was altogether in a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke of it ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount trembled greatly.

Exodus 19:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

God then commanded Moses to prepare the people for His appearing or speaking to them: (1) by their sanctification, through the washing of the body and clothes (see Genesis 35:2), and abstinence from conjugal intercourse (Exodus 19:15) on account of the defilement connected therewith (Leviticus 15:18); and (2) by setting bounds round the people, that they might not ascend or touch the mountain. The hedging or bounding (הגבּיל) of the people is spoken of in Exodus 19:23 as setting bounds about the mountain, and consisted therefore in the erection of a barrier round the mountain, which was to prevent the people form ascending or touching it. Any one who touched it (קצהוּ, "its end," i.e., the outermost or lowest part of the mountain) was to be put to death, whether man or beast. "No hand shall touch him" (the individual who passed the barrier and touched the mountain), i.e., no one was to follow him within the appointed boundaries, but he was to be killed from a distance either by stones or darts. (יּיּרה for יוּרה, see Gesenius, 69.) Not till "the drawing out of the trumpet blast," or, as Luther renders it, "only when it sounded long," could they ascend the mountain (Exodus 19:13). היּבל, from יבל to stream violently with noise, is synonymous with היּבל קרן (Joshua 6:5), and was really the same thing as the שׁופר, i.e., a long wind instrument shaped like a horn. היּבל משׁך is to draw the horn, i.e., to blow the horn with tones long drawn out. This was done either to give a signal to summon the people to war (Judges 3:27; Judges 6:34), or to call them to battle (Judges 7:18; Job 39:24-25, etc.), or for other public proclamations. No one (this is the idea) was to ascend the mountain on pain of death, or even to touch its outermost edge; but when the horn was blown with a long blast, and the signal to approach was given thereby, then they might ascend it (see Exodus 19:21), - of course not 600,000 men, which would have been physically impossible, but the people in the persons of their representatives the elders. בּהר עלות signifies to go up the mountain in Exodus 19:13 as well as in Exodus 19:12, and not merely to come to the foot of the mountain (see Deuteronomy 5:5).

Exodus 19:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Mount Sinai

Exodus 20:18 And all the people saw the thunder, and the lightning, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking...

Deuteronomy 4:11,12 And you came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire to the middle of heaven, with darkness, clouds...

Deuteronomy 5:22 These words the LORD spoke to all your assembly in the mount out of the middle of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness...

Deuteronomy 33:2 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir to them; he shined forth from mount Paran...

Judges 5:5 The mountains melted from before the LORD, even that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.

Psalm 68:7,8 O God, when you went forth before your people, when you did march through the wilderness; Selah...

Psalm 104:32 He looks on the earth, and it trembles: he touches the hills, and they smoke.

Psalm 144:5 Bow your heavens, O LORD, and come down: touch the mountains, and they shall smoke.

Exodus 19:13 There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live...

Isaiah 6:4 And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke.

Revelation 15:8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple...

in fire

Exodus 3:2 And the angel of the LORD appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the middle of a bush: and he looked, and, behold...

Exodus 24:17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel.

2 Chronicles 7:1-3 Now when Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire came down from heaven, and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices...

2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

2 Peter 3:10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise...

as the smoke

Genesis 15:17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace...

Genesis 19:28 And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, see...

Psalm 144:5 Bow your heavens, O LORD, and come down: touch the mountains, and they shall smoke.

Revelation 15:8 And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple...

whole

1 Kings 19:11,12 And he said, Go forth, and stand on the mount before the LORD. And, behold, the LORD passed by...

Psalm 68:8 The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God: even Sinai itself was moved at the presence of God...

Psalm 77:18 The voice of your thunder was in the heaven: the lightning lightened the world: the earth trembled and shook.

Psalm 114:7 Tremble, you earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob;

Jeremiah 4:24 I beheld the mountains, and, see, they trembled, and all the hills moved lightly.

Nahum 1:5,6 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yes, the world, and all that dwell therein...

Zechariah 14:5 And you shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach to Azal: yes, you shall flee...

Matthew 24:7 For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes...

Hebrews 12:26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he has promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.

Cross References
2 Thessalonians 1:7
and to grant relief to you who are afflicted as well as to us, when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with his mighty angels

Hebrews 12:18
For you have not come to what may be touched, a blazing fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest

Hebrews 12:26
At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, "Yet once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens."

Revelation 9:2
He opened the shaft of the bottomless pit, and from the shaft rose smoke like the smoke of a great furnace, and the sun and the air were darkened with the smoke from the shaft.

Revelation 15:8
and the sanctuary was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from his power, and no one could enter the sanctuary until the seven plagues of the seven angels were finished.

Genesis 11:5
And the LORD came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of man had built.

Genesis 15:17
When the sun had gone down and it was dark, behold, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch passed between these pieces.

Jump to Previous
Altogether Ascended Burning Covered Descended Fire Furnace Great Greatly Kiln Mount Mountain Presence Quaked Shaking Shook Sinai Smoke Thereof Trembled Violently Whole Wholly Wrapped
Jump to Next
Altogether Ascended Burning Covered Descended Fire Furnace Great Greatly Kiln Mount Mountain Presence Quaked Shaking Shook Sinai Smoke Thereof Trembled Violently Whole Wholly Wrapped
Links
Exodus 19:18 NIV
Exodus 19:18 NLT
Exodus 19:18 ESV
Exodus 19:18 NASB
Exodus 19:18 KJV

Exodus 19:18 Bible Apps
Exodus 19:18 Biblia Paralela
Exodus 19:18 Chinese Bible
Exodus 19:18 French Bible
Exodus 19:18 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Exodus 19:17
Top of Page
Top of Page