Exodus 19:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And as the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him in thunder.

King James Bible
And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.

American Standard Version
And when the voice of the trumpet waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the sound of the trumpet grew by degrees louder and louder, and was drawn out to a greater length: Moses spoke, and God answered him.

English Revised Version
And when the voice of the trumpet waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by a voice.

Exodus 19:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

God then commanded Moses to prepare the people for His appearing or speaking to them: (1) by their sanctification, through the washing of the body and clothes (see Genesis 35:2), and abstinence from conjugal intercourse (Exodus 19:15) on account of the defilement connected therewith (Leviticus 15:18); and (2) by setting bounds round the people, that they might not ascend or touch the mountain. The hedging or bounding (הגבּיל) of the people is spoken of in Exodus 19:23 as setting bounds about the mountain, and consisted therefore in the erection of a barrier round the mountain, which was to prevent the people form ascending or touching it. Any one who touched it (קצהוּ, "its end," i.e., the outermost or lowest part of the mountain) was to be put to death, whether man or beast. "No hand shall touch him" (the individual who passed the barrier and touched the mountain), i.e., no one was to follow him within the appointed boundaries, but he was to be killed from a distance either by stones or darts. (יּיּרה for יוּרה, see Gesenius, 69.) Not till "the drawing out of the trumpet blast," or, as Luther renders it, "only when it sounded long," could they ascend the mountain (Exodus 19:13). היּבל, from יבל to stream violently with noise, is synonymous with היּבל קרן (Joshua 6:5), and was really the same thing as the שׁופר, i.e., a long wind instrument shaped like a horn. היּבל משׁך is to draw the horn, i.e., to blow the horn with tones long drawn out. This was done either to give a signal to summon the people to war (Judges 3:27; Judges 6:34), or to call them to battle (Judges 7:18; Job 39:24-25, etc.), or for other public proclamations. No one (this is the idea) was to ascend the mountain on pain of death, or even to touch its outermost edge; but when the horn was blown with a long blast, and the signal to approach was given thereby, then they might ascend it (see Exodus 19:21), - of course not 600,000 men, which would have been physically impossible, but the people in the persons of their representatives the elders. בּהר עלות signifies to go up the mountain in Exodus 19:13 as well as in Exodus 19:12, and not merely to come to the foot of the mountain (see Deuteronomy 5:5).

Exodus 19:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

and when

Exodus 19:13,16 There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live...

Moses

Hebrews 12:21 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)

God

Psalm 81:7 You called in trouble, and I delivered you; I answered you in the secret place of thunder: I proved you at the waters of Meribah...

Cross References
Hebrews 12:19
and the sound of a trumpet and a voice whose words made the hearers beg that no further messages be spoken to them.

Deuteronomy 4:36
Out of heaven he let you hear his voice, that he might discipline you. And on earth he let you see his great fire, and you heard his words out of the midst of the fire.

Psalm 81:7
In distress you called, and I delivered you; I answered you in the secret place of thunder; I tested you at the waters of Meribah. Selah

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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