Exodus 16:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
In the evening quail came up and covered the camp, and in the morning dew lay around the camp.

King James Bible
And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass at even, that the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the camp.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So it came to pass in the evening, that quails coming up, covered the camp: and in the morning, a dew lay round about the camp.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass at even, that the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the camp.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass, that at evening the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay around the host.

Exodus 16:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Here, in this arid sandy waste, the whole congregation murmured against Moses and Aaron on account of the want of food. What they brought with them from Egypt had been consumed in the 30 days that had elapsed since they came out (Exodus 16:1). In their vexation the people expressed the wish that they had died in Egypt by the flesh-pot, in the midst of plenty, "by the hand of Jehovah," i.e., by the last plague which Jehovah sent upon Egypt, rather than here in the desert of slow starvation. The form ויּלּינוּ is a Hiphil according to the consonants, and should be pointed ילּינוּ, from הלּין for הלין (see Ges. 72, Anm. 9, and Ewald, 114c.). As the want really existed, Jehovah promised them help (Exodus 16:4). He would rain bread from heaven, which the Israelites should gather every day for their daily need, to try the people, whether they would walk in His law or not. In what the trial was to consist, is briefly indicated in Exodus 16:5 : "And it will come to pass on the sixth day (of the week), that they will prepare what they have brought, and it will be double what they gather daily." The meaning is, that what they gathered and brought into their tents on the sixth day of the week, and made ready for eating, would be twice as much as what they gathered on every other day; not that Jehovah would miraculously double what was brought home on the sixth day, as Knobel interprets the words in order to make out a discrepancy between Exodus 16:5 and Exodus 16:22. הכין, to prepare, is to be understood as applying partly to the measuring of what had been gathered (Exodus 16:18), and partly to the pounding and grinding of the grains of manna into meal (Numbers 11:8). In what respect this was a test for the people, is pointed out in Exodus 16:16. Here, in Exodus 16:4 and Exodus 16:5, the promise of God is only briefly noticed, and its leading points referred to; it is described in detail afterwards, in the communications which Moses and Aaron make to the people. In Exodus 16:6, Exodus 16:7, they first tell the people, "At even, then shall ye know that Jehovah hath brought you out of Egypt; and in the morning, then shall ye see the glory of the Lord." Bearing in mind the parallelism of the clauses, we obtain this meaning, that in the evening and in the morning the Israelites would perceive the glory of the Lord, who had brought them out of Egypt. "Seeing" is synonymous with "knowing." Seeing the glory of Jehovah did not consist in the sight of the glory of the Lord which appeared in the cloud, as mentioned in Exodus 16:10, but in their perception or experience of that glory in the miraculous gift of flesh and bread (Exodus 16:8, cf. Numbers 14:22). "By His hearing" (בּשׁמעו), i.e., because He has heard, "your murmuring against Jehovah ("Against Him" in Exodus 16:8, as in Genesis 19:24); for what are we, that ye murmur against us?" The murmuring of the people against Moses and Aaron as their leaders really affected Jehovah as the actual guide, and not Moses and Aaron, who had only executed His will. Jehovah would therefore manifest His glory to the people, to prove to them that He had heard their murmuring. The announcement of this manifestation of God is more fully explained to the people by Moses in Exodus 16:8, and the explanation is linked on to the leading clause in Exodus 16:7 by the words, "when He giveth," etc. Ye shall see the glory of Jehovah, when Jehovah shall give you, etc.

Exodus 16:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the quails. The Hebrew selav, is without doubt the quail; a large kind of quail. A bird of the gallinaceous kind, somewhat less than a pigeon, but larger than a sparrow. Hasselquist describes the quail of the larger kind as very much resembling the red partridge, but not larger than the turtle dove; found in Judea as well as in the deserts of Arabia Petraea and Egypt; and affording a most agreeable and delicate dish.

Numbers 11:31-33 And there went forth a wind from the LORD, and brought quails from the sea, and let them fall by the camp...

Psalm 78:27,28 He rained flesh also on them as dust, and feathered fowls like as the sand of the sea...

Psalm 105:40 The people asked, and he brought quails, and satisfied them with the bread of heaven.

the dew

Numbers 11:9 And when the dew fell on the camp in the night, the manna fell on it.

Cross References
Numbers 11:9
When the dew fell upon the camp in the night, the manna fell with it.

Numbers 11:31
Then a wind from the LORD sprang up, and it brought quail from the sea and let them fall beside the camp, about a day's journey on this side and a day's journey on the other side, around the camp, and about two cubits above the ground.

Psalm 78:27
he rained meat on them like dust, winged birds like the sand of the seas;

Psalm 105:40
They asked, and he brought quail, and gave them bread from heaven in abundance.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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