Deuteronomy 32:44
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Moses came and recited all the words of this song in the hearing of the people, he and Joshua the son of Nun.

King James Bible
And Moses came and spake all the words of this song in the ears of the people, he, and Hoshea the son of Nun.

American Standard Version
And Moses came and spake all the words of this song in the ears of the people, he, and Hoshea the son of Nun.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So Moses came and spoke all the words of this canticle in the ears of the people, and Josue the son of Nun.

English Revised Version
And Moses came and spake all the words of this song in the ears of the people, he, and Hoshea the son of Nun.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Moses came and spoke all the words of this song in the ears of the people, he and Hoshea the son of Nun.

Deuteronomy 32:44 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Lord would then convince His people of the worthlessness of idols and the folly of idolatry, and bring it to admit the fact that He was God alone. "Then will He say, Where are their gods, the rock in whom they trusted; who consumed the fat of their burnt-offerings, the wine of their libations? Let them rise up and help you, that there may be a shelter over you! See now that I, I am it, and there is no God beside Me: I kill, and make alive; I smite in pieces, and I heal; and there is no one who delivers out of My hand." ואמר might be taken impersonally, as it has been by Luther and others, "men will say;" but as it is certainly Jehovah who is speaking in Deuteronomy 32:39, and what Jehovah says there is simply a deduction from what is addressed to the people in Deuteronomy 32:37 and Deuteronomy 32:38, there can hardly be any doubt that Jehovah is speaking in Deuteronomy 32:37, Deuteronomy 32:38, as well as in Deuteronomy 32:34, Deuteronomy 32:35, and therefore that Moses simply distinguishes himself from Jehovah in Deuteronomy 32:36, when explaining the reason for the judgment foretold by the Lord. The expression "their gods," relates, not to the heathen, but to the Israelites, upon whom the judgment had fallen. The worthlessness of their gods had become manifest, namely, of the strange gods or idols, which the Israelites had preferred to the living God (vid., cf. Deuteronomy 32:16, Deuteronomy 32:17), and to which they had brought their sacrifices and drink-offerings. In Deuteronomy 32:38, אשׁר is the subject, - the gods, who consumed the fat of the sacrifices offered to them by their worshippers (the foolish Israelites), - and is not to be taken as the relative with זבחימו, as the lxx, Vulg., and Luther have rendered it, viz., "whose sacrifices they (the Israelites) ate," which neither suits the context nor the word חלב (fat), which denotes the fat portions of the sacrificial animals that were burned upon the altar, and therefore presented to God. The wine of the drink-offerings was also poured out upon the altar, and thus given up to the deity worshipped. The handing over of the sacrificial portions to the deity is described here with holy irony, as though the gods themselves consumed the fat of the slain offerings, and drank the wine poured out for them, for the purpose of expression this thought: "The gods, whom ye entertained so well, and provided so abundantly with sacrifices, let them now arise and help you, and thus make themselves clearly known to you." The address here takes the form of a direct appeal to the idolaters themselves; and in the last clause the imperative is introduced instead of the optative, to express the thought as sharply as possible, that men need the protection of God, and are warranted in expecting it from the gods they worship: "let there be a shelter over you." Sithrah for sether, a shelter or defence.

Deuteronomy 32:44 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

spake

Deuteronomy 31:22,30 Moses therefore wrote this song the same day, and taught it the children of Israel...

Hoshea. or, joshua

Numbers 13:8,16 Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun...

Cross References
Numbers 13:8
from the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea the son of Nun;

Numbers 13:16
These were the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Hoshea the son of Nun Joshua.

Deuteronomy 32:45
And when Moses had finished speaking all these words to all Israel,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Deuteronomy 32:43
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