Amos 4:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And you shall go out through the breaches, each one straight ahead; and you shall be cast out into Harmon,” declares the LORD.

King James Bible
And ye shall go out at the breaches, every cow at that which is before her; and ye shall cast them into the palace, saith the LORD.

American Standard Version
And ye shall go out at the breaches, every one straight before her; and ye shall cast yourselves into Harmon, saith Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And you shall go out at the breaches one over against the other, and you shall be cast forth into Armon, saith the Lord.

English Revised Version
And ye shall go out at the breaches, every one straight before her; and ye shall cast yourselves into Harmon, saith the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
And ye shall go out at the breaches, every cow at that which is before her; and ye shall cast them into the palace, saith the LORD.

Amos 4:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

This punishment Israel well deserved. Hosea 12:12. "And Jacob fled to the fields of Aram; and Israel served for a wife, and for a wife did he keep guard. Hosea 12:13. And through a prophet Jehovah brought Israel out of Egypt, and through a prophet was he guarded. Hosea 12:14. Ephraim has stirred up bitter wrath; and his Lord will leave his blood upon him, and turn back his shame upon him." In order to show the people still more impressively what great things the Lord had done for them, the prophet recals the flight of Jacob, the tribe-father, to Mesopotamia, and how he was obliged to serve many years there for a wife, and to guard cattle; whereas God had redeemed Israel out of the Egyptian bondage, and had faithfully guarded it through a prophet. The flight of Jacob to Aramaea, and his servitude there, are mentioned not "to give prominence to his zeal for the blessing of the birthright, and his obedience to the commandment of God and his parents" (Cyr., Theod., Th. v. Mops.); nor "to bring out the double servitude of Israel - the first the one which the people had to endure in their forefather, the second the one which they had to endure themselves in Egypt" (Umbreit); nor "to lay stress upon the manifestation of the divine care towards Jacob as well as towards the people of Israel" (Ewald); for there is nothing at all about this in Hosea 12:12. The words point simply to the distress and affliction which Jacob had to endure, according to Genesis 29-31, as Calvin has correctly interpreted them. "Their father Jacob," he says, "who was he? what was his condition?... He was a fugitive from his country. Even if he had always lived at home, his father was only a stranger in the land. But he was compelled to flee into Syria. And how splendidly did he live there? He was with his uncle, no doubt, but he was treated quite as meanly as any common slave: he served for a wife. And how did he serve? He was the man who tended the cattle." Shâmar, the tending of cattle, was one of the hardest and lowest descriptions of servitude (cf. Genesis 30:31; Genesis 31:40; 1 Samuel 17:20). Sedēh 'ărâm (the field of Aram) is no doubt simply the Hebrew rendering of the Aramaean Paddan-'ărâm (Genesis 28:2; Genesis 31:18 : see at Genesis 25:20). Jacob's flight to Aramaea, where he had to serve, is contrasted in sv. 10 with the leading of Israel, the people sprung from Jacob, out of Egypt by a prophet, i.e., by Moses (cf. Deuteronomy 18:18); and the guarding of cattle by Jacob is placed in contrast with the guarding of Israel on the part of God through the prophet Moses, when he led them through the wilderness to Canaan. The object of this is to call to the nation's remembrance that elevation from the lowest condition, which they were to acknowledge with humility every year, according to Deuteronomy 26:5., when the first-fruits were presented before the Lord. For Ephraim had quite forgotten this. Instead of thanking the Lord for it by love and faithful devotedness to Him, it had provoked Him in the bitterest manner by its sins (הכעיס, to excite wrath, to provoke to anger: tamrūrı̄m, an adverbial accusative equals bitterly). For this should its blood-guiltiness remain upon it. According to Leviticus 20:9., dâmı̄m denotes grave crimes that are punishable by death. Nâtash, to let a thing alone, as in Exodus 23:11; or to leave behind, as in 1 Samuel 17:20, 1 Samuel 17:28. Leaving blood-guiltiness upon a person, is the opposite of taking away (נשׂא) or forgiving the sin, and therefore inevitably brings the punishment after it. Cherpâthō (its reproach or dishonour) is the dishonour which Ephraim had done to the Lord by sin and idolatry (cf. Isaiah 65:7). And this would be repaid to it by its Lord, i.e., by Jehovah.

Amos 4:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

ye shall go.

2 Kings 25:4 And the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled by night by the way of the gate between two walls...

Ezekiel 12:5,12 Dig you through the wall in their sight, and carry out thereby...

them into the palace. or, away the things of the palace.

2 Kings 7:7,8,15 Why they arose and fled in the twilight, and left their tents, and their horses, and their donkeys, even the camp as it was...

Isaiah 2:20 In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which they made each one for himself to worship...

Isaiah 31:7 For in that day every man shall cast away his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which your own hands have made to you for a sin.

Zephaniah 1:18 Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD's wrath...

Matthew 16:26 For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?

Cross References
Judges 5:17
Gilead stayed beyond the Jordan; and Dan, why did he stay with the ships? Asher sat still at the coast of the sea, staying by his landings.

Jeremiah 52:7
Then a breach was made in the city, and all the men of war fled and went out from the city by night by the way of a gate between the two walls, by the king's garden, and the Chaldeans were around the city. And they went in the direction of the Arabah.

Jump to Previous
Affirmation Breaches Breaks Broken Cast Cow Declares Forth High Over-Against Palace Places Straight Wall Walls Yourselves
Jump to Next
Affirmation Breaches Breaks Broken Cast Cow Declares Forth High Over-Against Palace Places Straight Wall Walls Yourselves
Links
Amos 4:3 NIV
Amos 4:3 NLT
Amos 4:3 ESV
Amos 4:3 NASB
Amos 4:3 KJV

Amos 4:3 Bible Apps
Amos 4:3 Biblia Paralela
Amos 4:3 Chinese Bible
Amos 4:3 French Bible
Amos 4:3 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Amos 4:2
Top of Page
Top of Page