2 Samuel 23:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And three of the thirty chief men went down and came about harvest time to David at the cave of Adullam, when a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.

King James Bible
And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.

American Standard Version
And three of the thirty chief men went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam; and the troop of the Philistines was encamped in the valley of Rephaim.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Moreover also before this the three who were princes among the thirty, went down and came to David in the harvest time into the cave of Odollam: and the camp of the Philistines was in the valley of the giants.

English Revised Version
And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam; and the troop of the Philistines were encamped in the valley of Rephaim.

Webster's Bible Translation
And three of the thirty chiefs went down, and came to David in the harvest time to the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines encamped in the valley of Rephaim.

2 Samuel 23:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

6 But the worthless, as rejected thorns are they all;

For men do not take them in the hand.

7 And the man who touches them

Provides himself with iron and spear-shaft,

And they are utterly burned with fire where they dwell.

The development of salvation under the ruler in righteousness and the fear of God is accompanied by judgment upon the ungodly. The abstract בליּעל, worthlessness, is stronger than בליּעל אישׁ, the worthless man, and depicts the godless as personified worthlessness. מנד, in the Keri מנּד, the Hophal of נוּד or נדד, literally "scared" or hunted away. This epithet does not apply to the thorns, so well as to the ungodly who are compared to thorns. The reference is to thorns that men root out, not to those which they avoid on account of their prickles. כּלּהם, an antiquated form for כּלּם (see Ewald, 247, d.). To root them out, or clean the ground of them, men do not lay hold of them with the bare hand; but "whoever would touch them equips himself (ימּלא, sc., ידו, to 'fill the hand' with anything: 2 Kings 9:24) with iron, i.e., with iron weapons, and spear-shaft" (vid., 1 Samuel 17:7). This expression also relates to the godless rather than to the thorns. They are consumed בּשּׁבת, "at the dwelling," i.e., as Kimchi explains, at the place of their dwelling, the place where they grow. For בּשּׁבת cannot mean "on the spot" in the sense of without delay. The burning of the thorns takes place at the final judgment upon the ungodly (Matthew 13:30).

2 Samuel 23:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

three, etc. or, the three captains over the thirty.

1 Chronicles 11:15-19 Now three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam...

Shalishim, `captains,' should most probably be read, instead of {shaloshim:} thirty shalishim, as it is in ver.

2 Samuel 23:8 These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains...

, and

Exodus 14:7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

): where LXX. render (), which Jerome (on Ezek

33) says `among the Greeks is the name of the second rank after the royal dignity.'

the cave

Joshua 12:15 The king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one;

Joshua 15:35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah,

1 Samuel 22:1 David therefore departed there, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brothers and all his father's house heard it...

Micah 1:15 Yet will I bring an heir to you, O inhabitant of Mareshah: he shall come to Adullam the glory of Israel.

the valley

2 Samuel 5:18,22 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim...

1 Chronicles 11:15 Now three of the thirty captains went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam...

1 Chronicles 14:9 And the Philistines came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

Isaiah 17:5 And it shall be as when the harvestman gathers the corn, and reaps the ears with his arm...

Cross References
1 Samuel 22:1
David departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. And when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down there to him.

2 Samuel 5:18
Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim.

Micah 1:15
I will again bring a conqueror to you, inhabitants of Mareshah; the glory of Israel shall come to Adullam.

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