2 Samuel 23:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But he took his stand in the midst of the plot and defended it and struck down the Philistines, and the LORD worked a great victory.

King James Bible
But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.

American Standard Version
But he stood in the midst of the plot, and defended it, and slew the Philistines; and Jehovah wrought a great victory.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He stood in the midst of the field, and defended it, and defeated the Philistines: and the Lord gave a great victory.

English Revised Version
But he stood in the midst of the plot, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.

Webster's Bible Translation
But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.

2 Samuel 23:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

6 But the worthless, as rejected thorns are they all;

For men do not take them in the hand.

7 And the man who touches them

Provides himself with iron and spear-shaft,

And they are utterly burned with fire where they dwell.

The development of salvation under the ruler in righteousness and the fear of God is accompanied by judgment upon the ungodly. The abstract בליּעל, worthlessness, is stronger than בליּעל אישׁ, the worthless man, and depicts the godless as personified worthlessness. מנד, in the Keri מנּד, the Hophal of נוּד or נדד, literally "scared" or hunted away. This epithet does not apply to the thorns, so well as to the ungodly who are compared to thorns. The reference is to thorns that men root out, not to those which they avoid on account of their prickles. כּלּהם, an antiquated form for כּלּם (see Ewald, 247, d.). To root them out, or clean the ground of them, men do not lay hold of them with the bare hand; but "whoever would touch them equips himself (ימּלא, sc., ידו, to 'fill the hand' with anything: 2 Kings 9:24) with iron, i.e., with iron weapons, and spear-shaft" (vid., 1 Samuel 17:7). This expression also relates to the godless rather than to the thorns. They are consumed בּשּׁבת, "at the dwelling," i.e., as Kimchi explains, at the place of their dwelling, the place where they grow. For בּשּׁבת cannot mean "on the spot" in the sense of without delay. The burning of the thorns takes place at the final judgment upon the ungodly (Matthew 13:30).

2 Samuel 23:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the Lord

2 Samuel 23:10 He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand stuck to the sword...

Psalm 3:8 Salvation belongs to the LORD: your blessing is on your people. Selah.

Psalm 44:2 How you did drive out the heathen with your hand, and planted them; how you did afflict the people, and cast them out.

Proverbs 21:31 The horse is prepared against the day of battle: but safety is of the LORD.

Cross References
2 Samuel 23:10
He rose and struck down the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clung to the sword. And the LORD brought about a great victory that day, and the men returned after him only to strip the slain.

1 Chronicles 11:13
He was with David at Pas-dammim when the Philistines were gathered there for battle. There was a plot of ground full of barley, and the men fled from the Philistines.

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Attack Bit Defended Deliverance Delivered Field Great Ground Kept Killed Middle Midst Philistines Plot Salvation Shammah Slew Smote Stand Stood Struck Victory Worked Wrought
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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