Every one that is proud in heart is an abomination to the LORD: though hand join in hand, he shall not be unpunished.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Though hand join in hand.—See Note on Proverbs 11:21.That is proud in heart, though he dissemble it in his outward carriage and countenance, as Psalm 10:4. In whose heart pride rules.
Though hand join in hand; though they have many friends and assistants. See the same phrase Proverbs 11:21. Romans 9:19; every proud Pharisee, that trusts in himself that he is righteous, and despises others, that justifies himself before men, is an abomination in the sight of God, Luke 18:9; particularly antichrist, who has not only a proud look, a look more stout than his fellows, but a proud heart; exalts himself above all that is called God; and not only speaks big words against the most High, but has it in his heart to change times and laws; and proudly imagines he shall always continue in his grandeur and prosperity, Daniel 7:25;
though hand join in hand, he shall not be unpunished; though he endeavours with both hands, with all his might and main, to secure himself and prevent his ruin, he shall not be able to do it; though he enters into confederacy with, and calls in the kings of the earth to his assistance, it will be of no avail, both he and they shall be destroyed; or out of hand, immediately, his destruction will come upon him, Revelation 16:14; See Gill on Proverbs 11:21; The Targum is,
"from evil he shall not be cleared;''
and the Syriac version,Every one that is proud in heart is an abomination to the LORD: though hand join in hand, he shall not be unpunished.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)5. Though hand join in hand] See Proverbs 11:21, note.Verse 5. - (For the first member, see Proverbs 6:17; Proverbs 8:13.) Says the maxim -
Ἀλαζονείας οὔ τις ἐκφεύγει δίκην
"Pride hath its certain punishment." We read in the Talmud, "Of every proud man God says, He and I cannot live in the world together." A mediaeval jingle runs -
"Hoc retine verbum, frangit Deus omne superbum." Septuagint, "Impure in the sight of God is every high-hearted man (ὑψηλοκάρδιος)." The second member is found in Proverbs 11:21, and must be taken as a form of adjuration. Septuagint, "Putting hands on hand unjustly, he shall not be innocent;" i.e. one who acts violently and unjustly shall be held guilty - which seems a trite truism. Many commentators interpret the clause as if it meant that the cooperation and combination of sinners in evil practices will not save them from retribution. But hand clasping hand in token of completing a bargain or alliance is scarcely an early Oriental custom. There is an analogous saying in Greek which implies mutual assistance -
Ξεὶρ χεῖρα νίπτει δακτυλός τε δάκτυλον
"Hand washes hand, and finger finger." The LXX. has here two distiches, the first of which occurs in the Vulgate, but the second is not found there. Neither appears in our present Hebrew text. "The beginning of the good way is to do what is just; this is more acceptable to God than to sacrifice sacrifices. He who seeketh the Lord shall find knowledge with righteousness; and they who seek him rightly alkali find peace."
32 He that refuseth correction lightly values his soul;
But he that heareth reproof getteth understanding.
Regarding פּורע מוּסר, vid., Proverbs 13:18, cf. Proverbs 1:25, and מואס נפשׁו, Proverbs 8:36. נפשׁו contains more than the later expression עצמו, self; it is equivalent to חיּיו (Job 9:21), for the נפשׁ is the bond of union between the intellectual and the corporeal life. The despising of the soul is then the neglecting, endangering, exposing of the life; in a word, it is suicide (10b). Proverbs 19:8 is a variation derived from this distich: "He who gains understanding loves his soul," according to which the lxx translate here ἀγαπᾷ ψυχὴν αὐτοῦ. לב the Midrash explains by חכמה שׁנתונה בלב; but the correct view is, that לב is not thought of as a formal power, but as operative and carried into effect in conformity with its destination.
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