People's New Testament
For as touching the ministering to the saints, it is superfluous for me to write to you:
9:1 Liberal and Cheerful Giving
SUMMARY OF II CORINTHIANS 9:
The Reason for Sending Titus to Corinth. Giving a Sowing. An Abundant Harvest to the Cheerful and Liberal Giver. The Unspeakable Gift.
The ministering to the saints. Contributions to supply their needs.
It is superfluous for me to write to you. They were fully instructed, and had begun the work. Yet he does write and explain why in 2Co 9:3.
For I know the forwardness of your mind, for which I boast of you to them of Macedonia, that Achaia was ready a year ago; and your zeal hath provoked very many.
9:2 I know the forwardness of your mind. I know your readiness (Revised Version). This is why it seemed superfluous to write.
Achaia was ready a year ago. The churches of the province of Achaia, of which Corinth was the capital. The province embraced all southern Greece, including Athens and Cenchrea. They had begun the collection a year ago (2Co 8:10).
Yet have I sent the brethren, lest our boasting of you should be in vain in this behalf; that, as I said, ye may be ready:
9:3 Yet have I sent the brethren. See 2Co 8:17,18,22. He sent them so that they would surely be prepared when he came.
Lest haply if they of Macedonia come with me, and find you unprepared, we (that we say not, ye) should be ashamed in this same confident boasting.
9:4 Lest haply if they of Macedonia come with me. Luke named certain brethren of Macedonia who did attend him (Ac 20:4).
And find you unprepared, we... should be ashamed. If these should find Corinth unprepared with the collection when Paul came, after what he had said, it would fill him with shame.
Therefore I thought it necessary to exhort the brethren, that they would go before unto you, and make up beforehand your bounty, whereof ye had notice before, that the same might be ready, as a matter of bounty, and not as of covetousness.
9:5 Therefore I thought it necessary to exhort the brethren. Hence, he thought it needful to send the brethren that the work might surely be conducted to completion, and the collection ready.
As a matter of bounty. As a free gift, cheerfully bestowed.
And not as of covetousness. Not something extorted from them: and not of extortion (Revised Version).
But this I say, He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which soweth bountifully shall reap also bountifully.
9:6 He which soweth sparingly shall reap also sparingly, etc. Giving is not a sacrifice, but rather a sowing. As the farmer gives his seed to the earth, and then reaps as he has sown, so giving is a sowing. If there is a spare sowing, there will be spare reaping; if liberal sowing, liberal reaping. See the same principle expressed in Ex 25:2 1Ch 29:14,17 Ps 102:9 Lu 6:38 Ac 20:35. The lesson of this verse is, give generously. The next verse teaches how to give.
Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.
9:7 Not grudgingly, or of necessity. Where one gives by compulsion, or to secure popular applause, or grudgingly, he is not approved.
For God loveth a cheerful giver. The giving must be cheerful. It is the cheerful giver whom the Lord loves.
And God is able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work:
9:8 God is able to make all grace abound toward you. To bestow upon you every blessing, temporal as well as spiritual. He is able to make up all you part with and more. The faithful steward will be trusted with more.
(As it is written, He hath dispersed abroad; he hath given to the poor: his righteousness remaineth for ever.
9:9 As it is written. In Ps 112:9.
He hath dispersed abroad. It is said there of the man who feareth the Lord: He does not hold tightly but dispenses abroad by giving to the poor.
His righteousness. Right doing in giving.
Remaineth for ever. That is, he is supplied with means to keep it up.
Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness;)
9:10 He that ministereth seed to the sower. God, who can, and does, bless charitable giving, will do so in the case of the Corinthians.
The fruits of your righteousness will be increased, for your means will be increased.
Being enriched in every thing to all bountifulness, which causeth through us thanksgiving to God.
9:11 Being enriched in every thing. This explains how the fruits of righteousnesses are increased. As they are enriched it tends to bountifulness, and this causeth thanksgiving to God.
For the administration of this service not only supplieth the want of the saints, but is abundant also by many thanksgivings unto God;
9:12 For the administration of this service. Two things result from the bountiful giving. (1) The wants of the saints are supplied. (2) Their thanksgiving for the relief glorifies God.
Whiles by the experiment of this ministration they glorify God for your professed subjection unto the gospel of Christ, and for your liberal distribution unto them, and unto all men;
9:13 They glorify God for your professed subjection, etc. That the Corinthians had become subject to the gospel and God's means of succoring their temporal wants. Some Judaizing Christians at Jerusalem doubted whether the Gentile churches were really churches of Christ. Such a gift would tend to open their minds and remove their prejudices, an object very dear to the heart of Paul.
And by their prayer for you, which long after you for the exceeding grace of God in you.
9:14 And by their prayer for you. Thus, filled with affection for you, and longing for you on account of the proof they had of God's grace to you, they glorify God by prayer for you.
Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift.
9:15 Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift. The Corinthians were asked to give; they were cited to the example of Christ (2Co 8:9); but now Paul bursts out in thanksgiving to God for his gift, which language cannot describe--Jesus Christ and his gospel. It was that gift which broken down the old enmity and bound together Jew and Gentile in love, so that Jewish Christians would pray, thank God for, and long for Gentile Christians like those that Corinth.