After them repaired Zadok the son of Immer over against his house. After him repaired also Shemaiah the son of Shechaniah, the keeper of the east gate.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Shemaiah the son of Shechaniah.—The name in 1Chronicles 3:22 of a descendant of David.Nehemiah 3:25.
after him repaired also Shemaiah, the son of Shechaniah, the keeper of the east gate; that is, of the temple; for the gates of the city having been burnt so long, it cannot be thought there should be a keeper of any of them.After them repaired Zadok the son of Immer over against his house. After him repaired also Shemaiah the son of Shechaniah, the keeper of the east gate.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)29. After them] R.V. marg. ‘Heb. him’. See note on Nehemiah 3:3.
Zadok the son of Immer] The head of the priestly family of Immer. See Ezra 2:37.
After him] R.V. And after him.
the keeper of the east gate] This has sometimes been identified with ‘the water gate’ of Nehemiah 3:26. But it is very improbable that, in a topographical chapter such as this, the same gate should be mentioned by two different names without any word of explanation.
Considering that the previous name is that of a priest, it is natural to suppose that Shemaiah, ‘the keeper of the east gate,’ was a Levite, and the east gate was the eastern approach to the Temple precincts.Verse 29. - Shemaiah the son of Shechaniah is very possibly the descendant of David mentioned in 1 Chronicles 3:22. He must have been an old man, as his son, Hattush, had returned to Jerusalem with Ezra (Ezra 8:2, 3); but still he may have taken part in the work. That he was keeper of the east gate does not militate against this hypothesis, for that post was an honourable one, and it is not to be supposed that all the descendants of David were in flourishing circumstances. By "the east gate"we are perhaps to understand "the water gate towards the east" of ver. 26.
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