Take that your is, and go your way: I will give to this last, even as to you.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Take that thine is, and go thy way.—The tone of dismissal is natural and intelligible in the parable. The question, What answers to it in God’s dealings with men? is not so easy to answer. If the “penny” which each received was the gift of eternal life, did those who answered to the murmuring labourers receive that, or were they excluded by their discontent from all share in it? Was the money which they received as “fairy-gold” that turned to a withered leaf in the hands of its thankless possessor? The answer is, perhaps, to be found in the thought that that reward lies in the presence of God to the soul of the disciple, and that this depends for its blessedness on the harmony between the character of the believer and the mind of God. Heaven is not a place, but a state, its happiness is not sensual but spiritual, and those who are in it share its blessedness in proportion as they are like God and see Him as He is. It is only perfect when their charity is like His.
and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny? &c.See Poole on "Matthew 20:16".
I will give unto this last man that was called, and sent into the vineyard,Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give unto this last, even as unto thee.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Matthew 20:14. ἆρον τὸ σὸν, take thine, thy stipulated denarius. It looks as if this particular worker had refused the penny, or was saucily handing it back.—θέλω, I choose, it is my pleasure; emphatically spoken. Summa hujus verbi potestas, Beng.—τούτῳ τ. ἐσχ.: one of the eleventh-hour men singled out and pointed to.Matthew 20:14. Τὸ σὸν, that which is THINE) There is an evident contrast intended between these words and ἐν τοῖς ἐμοῖς, with MY OWN, in the following verse.—ὕπαγε, Depart) This expression is not addressed to those who came at the eleventh hour.—θέλω, I will) The force of this word is very great. See Matthew 20:15, and cf. Gnomon on Mark 12:38.—ΤΟΎΤῼ Τῷ ἘΣΧΆΤῼ, to this last) The expression is repeated from the speech of the murmurer, but used in the singular number, and applied to the last of the last. Every one who is envious, envies some one individually.—σοὶ, to thee) The addition, “who hast borne the burden and heat of the day,” is not repeated.
 i.e. denoting the absolute freedom of GOD’S Grace, and the entire sovereignty of His Will.—(I. B.)Verse 14. - Take that thine is; thine own. Take your agreed wages, and go; there is nothing more to be said. I will (θέλω δέ) give; but it is my will to give. The lord defends his conduct on the ground that such is his will and pleasure. By it he injures nobody, he benefits many; who should presume to censure him?
Lit., as Rev., take up, as if the money had been laid down for him on a table or counter.
I will give (θέλω δοῦναι)
But, as in other cases in the A. V., this may be mistaken for the simple future of the verb; whereas there are two verbs. Therefore, Rev., rightly, It is my will to give. See on Matthew 15:32.
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