And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Matthew 10:1-14.
See the notes at Matthew 10:1-14.
Lu 9:1-6. Mission of the Twelve Apostles.
(See on Mt 10:1-15).
1. power and authority—He both qualified and authorized them.See Poole on "Luke 9:1" And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Luke 9:2. This might have been viewed as an incidental mention of preaching as another subordinate function, but for the reference to healing (ἰᾶσθαι), which suggests that this verse is another way of stating the objects of the mission, perhaps taken from another source.2. And he sent them] Two and two for their mutual comfort. Mark 6:7.Verse 2. - And to heal the sick. St. Mark (Mark 6:13), in his brief notice of this mission of the twelve, mentions the special instrument of their power over sickness - the twelve anointed the sick with oil, and healed them. It is probable that the early Christian custom alluded to by St. James (James 5:14), of anointing the sick with oil, arose from our Lord's direction to his apostles on the occasion of this mission. The practice was continued, or possibly was revived, long after the original power connected with it had ceased to exist. It still survives in the Roman Catholic Church in the sacrament of extreme unction, which, singularly enough, is administered when all hope of the patient's recovery from the sickness is over. Anointing the sick with oil was a favourite practice among the ancient Jews (see Isaiah 1:6 and Luke 10:34). It was to be used by the twelve as an ordinary medicine, possessing, however, in their hands an extraordinary effect, and was to be, during this mission, the visible medium through which the Divine influence and power to heal took effect. We never read of Jesus in his miracles using oil; his usual practice seems to have been simply to have used words. At times he touched the sufferer; on one occasion only we read how he mixed some clay with which he anointed the sightless eyes.
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