Leviticus 7:1
Likewise this is the law of the trespass offering: it is most holy.
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(1) Likewise this is the law . . . . —Better, and this is the law:, &c. Just as Leviticus 6:24-30 contains additional regulations addressed to the priest about the rites of the sin offering, so Leviticus 7:1-10 gives more precise instructions about the trespass offering, supplementing Leviticus 5:1-13, also designed for the guidance of the priest.

Leviticus 7:1-2. Here the priests are directed in their office about the trespass- offerings, as the people had been before. The blood shall he sprinkle round about — This is a different rule from that observed in the sin-offering, the blood of which was to be put upon the horns of the altar, Leviticus 4:25; but this was to be sprinkled round about it, as was ordered respecting the whole burnt-offerings.7:1-10 In the sin-offering and the trespass-offering, the sacrifice was divided between the altar and the priest; the offerer had no share, as he had in the peace-offerings. The former expressed repentance and sorrow for sin, therefore it was more proper to fast than feast; the peace-offerings denoted communion with a reconciled God in Christ, the joy and gratitude of a pardoned sinner, and the privileges of a true believer.See Leviticus 5:14 note. In Leviticus 7:2 "sprinkle" should rather be cast Leviticus 1:5. All the details regarding the parts put on the altar are repeated for each kind of sacrifice, because the matter was one of paramount importance. CHAPTER 7

Le 7:1-27. The Law of the Trespass Offering.

1. Likewise this is the law of the trespass offering—This chapter is a continuation of the laws that were to regulate the duty of the priests respecting the trespass offerings. The same regulations obtained in this case as in the burnt offerings—part was to be consumed on the altar, while the other part was a perquisite of the priests—some fell exclusively to the officiating minister, and was the fee for his services; others were the common share of all the priestly order, who lived upon them as their provision, and whose meetings at a common table would tend to promote brotherly harmony and friendship.The law of the trespass-offering, and what fell to the priests, both of this and some other sacrifices, Leviticus 7:1-10. The law of the sacrifices of peace-offerings; of thanksgiving, Leviticus 7:11-15; of vows and free-will-offerings: the unclean person eating thereof to die, Leviticus 7:16-21. Fat not to be eaten; what fat might be used for other things; he that eats of the fat of the offering to die; and no blood to be eat, Leviticus 7:22-27. Another caution concerning peace-offerings, Leviticus 7:28-34. The conclusion of the former laws, which are repeated, Leviticus 7:35-38.

No text from Poole on this verse.

Likewise this is the law of the trespass offering,.... Or the various rites and rules to be observed at the offering of it: the persons for whom it was to be made are described in the two preceding chapters, Leviticus 5:1 both such that sinned through ignorance, and knowingly, and here the place and parts of the offering, and how to be disposed of, are declared:

it is most holy; wholly devoted for sacred use, either to the Lord, or to his priests; there were some things the Jews call light holy things, and others most holy in the highest degree, of this sort was the trespass offering.

Likewise this is the law of the {a} trespass offering: it is most holy.

(a) Which is for the smaller sins, and such as are committed by ignorance.

(5) The Guilt-Offering. Priestly portions of other offerings (Leviticus 7:1-10)

The similarity between the Guilt-Offering and the Sin-Offering is very close (see Leviticus 7:7). Both are ‘most holy’ and to be killed in the same place (Leviticus 6:25, cp. Leviticus 7:1-2). The parts to be burned on the altar are the same (Leviticus 3:4; Leviticus 3:9-11, Leviticus 4:31; Leviticus 4:35, cp. Leviticus 7:3-5), but note that the word ‘food,’ Heb. léhem, of Leviticus 3:11; Leviticus 3:16 is not applied to the Guilt-Offering, and the remainder is to be eaten in the same manner (Leviticus 6:26; Leviticus 6:29, cp. Leviticus 7:6-7).Verses 1-6. - Further ritual of the trespass offering (see note on Leviticus 5:14). It is to be noted that the blood of the trespass offering is not to be placed on the horns of the altar, as was the rule in the ordinary sin offering, but cast against the inner side of the altar, as in the burnt offering and peace offering. The rump in verse 3 should be translated tail, as in chapter Leviticus 3:9. The Law of the Sin-Offering, which is introduced with a new introductory formula on account of the interpolation of Leviticus 6:19-23, gives more precise instructions, though chiefly with regard to the sin-offerings of the laity, first as to the place of slaughtering, as in Leviticus 4:24, and then as to the most holy character of the flesh and blood of the sacrifices. The flesh of these sin-offerings was to be eaten by the priest who officiated at a holy place, in the fore-court (see Leviticus 6:16). Whoever touched it became holy (see at Leviticus 6:18); and if any one sprinkled any of the blood upon his clothes, whatever the blood was sprinkled upon was to be washed in a holy place, in order that the most holy blood might not be carried out of the sanctuary into common life along with the sprinkled clothes, and thereby be profaned. The words "thou shalt wash" in Leviticus 6:20 are addressed to the priest.
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