Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
Ps 6:1-10. On Neginoth (See on Ps 4:1, title) upon Sheminith—the eighth—an instrument for the eighth key; or, more probably, the bass, as it is contrasted with Alamoth (the treble, Ps 46:1) in 1Ch 15:20, 21. In deep affliction the Psalmist appeals to God's mercy for relief from chastisement, which otherwise must destroy him, and thus disable him for God's service. Sure of a gracious answer, he triumphantly rebukes his foes.
1. He owns his ill desert in begging a relief from chastisement.
Have mercy upon me, O LORD; for I am weak: O LORD, heal me; for my bones are vexed.
2. I am weak—as a culled plant (Isa 24:4).
my bones—the very frame.
are vexed—(Ps 2:5)—shaken with fear.
My soul is also sore vexed: but thou, O LORD, how long?
3. how long?—shall this be so (compare Ps 79:5).
thou—The sentence is incomplete as expressive of strong emotion.
Return, O LORD, deliver my soul: oh save me for thy mercies' sake.
4. Return—that is, to my relief; or, "turn," as now having His face averted.
for thy mercies' sake—to illustrate Thy mercy.
For in death there is no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks?
5. (Compare Ps 115:17, 18; Isa 38:18). There is no incredulity as to a future state. The contrast is between this scene of life, and the grave or Sheol, the unseen world of the dead.
give … thanks—or, "praise for mercies."
I am weary with my groaning; all the night make I my bed to swim; I water my couch with my tears.
6. By a strong figure the abundance as well as intensity of grief is depicted.
Mine eye is consumed because of grief; it waxeth old because of all mine enemies.
7. consumed—or, "has failed," denoting general debility (Ps 13:3; 38:10).
waxeth old—or, "dim."
grief—mingled with indignation.
Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity; for the LORD hath heard the voice of my weeping.
8, 9. Assured of God's hearing, he suddenly defies his enemies by an address indicating that he no longer fears them.
The LORD hath heard my supplication; the LORD will receive my prayer.
Let all mine enemies be ashamed and sore vexed: let them return and be ashamed suddenly.
10. and knows they will be disappointed and in their turn (compare Ps 6:3) be terror-stricken or confounded.