Ezra 8:1
These are now the chief of their fathers, and this is the genealogy of them that went up with me from Babylon, in the reign of Artaxerxes the king.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
VIII.

(1-14) A list of the chief names, given by families, of those who accompanied Ezra.

(1) This is the genealogy.—The names of the heads of houses is followed generally by that of the wider families they belonged to. With this list is to be compared the register of those who went up with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:2 seq.).

Ezra 8:1. That went up with me from Babylon — Multitudes of the Jews, who loved their ease better than their religion, thinking themselves well where they were, and either not believing that Jerusalem would better their condition, or being deterred by a prospect of the difficulties they might meet with on their journey, preferred staying in Babylon. Some, however, willingly offered themselves to go with Ezra, and the heads of their several families are here recorded for their honour, and the number of males that each brought in, amounting in all to one thousand four hundred and ninety- six.8:1-20 Ezra assembles the outcasts of Israel, and the dispersed of Judah. God raised up the spirits of a small remnant to accompany him. What a pity that good men should omit a good work, for want of being spoken to!An abrupt transition from the words of Artaxerxes to those of Ezra. Compare a similar abrupt change in Ezra 6:6. The language alters at the same time from Chaldee to Hebrew, continuing henceforth to be Hebrew until the close of the book. CHAPTER 8

Ezr 8:1-14. Ezra's Companions from Babylon.

1. this is the genealogy of them that went up with me from Babylon—The number given here amounts to 1754. But this is the register of adult males only, and as there were women and children also (Ezr 8:21), the whole caravan may be considered as comprising between six thousand and seven thousand.Ezra’s companions who returned from Babylon, Ezra 8:1-14. He sendeth to Iddo for Levites to be ministers for the temple, Ezra 8:15-20. He keepeth a fast at Ahava, Ezra 8:21-23. He committeth the treasures to the custody of the priests, Ezra 8:24-30. From Ahava they come to Jerusalem, Ezra 8:31,32. The treasure is weighed in the temple, Ezra 8:33-35. The commission is delivered to the adversaries, and they further the house of God, Ezra 8:36.

No text from Poole on this verse.

These are now the chief of their fathers, and this is the genealogy of them,.... Which follows from hence to the end of Ezra 8:14,

that went up with me from Babylon; with Ezra the priest and scribe, the writer of this book:

in the reign of Artaxerxes the king; that is, Darius Hystaspis, in the seventh year of his reign, see Ezra 7:1, though many think Artaxerxes Longimanus is meant.

These are now the chief of their fathers, and this is the genealogy of them that went up with me from Babylon, in the reign of {a} Artaxerxes the king.

(a) Read Ezr 7:1-28.

EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
Chap. Ezra 8:1-20. The List of those that went up with Ezra to Jerusalem

(a) 1–14. List of the Heads of Fathers’ Houses, accompanying Ezra

1. These are now the chief of their fathers] R.V. Now these are the heads of their fathershouses. Literally, ‘now these are the heads of their fathers’, a shortened form of expression, as in Ezra 2:68.

and this is the genealogy of them] In the following list we have the names both of the houses and of their chiefs or representatives.

On the word ‘genealogy’ see Ezra 2:62. The LXX. οἱ ὁδηγοί.Verse 1. - On the expression chief of the fathers see comment on ch. 2:68. Unto one hundred talents of silver, one hundred cors of wheat, one hundred baths of wine, one hundred baths of oil, and salt without prescription, i.e., as much as is needed. Cor had already become, even in Hebrew, the later word for chomer, e.g., 1 Kings 5:2; Ezekiel 45:14. It was equal to ten ephahs or baths, almost two sheffels; see by bibl. Archol. ii. 126. The command closes with the injunction, Ezra 7:23 : Whatsoever is commanded by the God of heaven, i.e., whatever is needful according to the law for the service of God, let it be completely done for the house of the God of heaven; for why should the wrath of heaven come upon the realm of the king and of his sons? The ἁπ. λεγ. אדרזדּא is derived from the Aryan, but is not to be regarded (as by Hitzig and Bertheau) as compounded of אדר and אזדּא; but probably (as by Haug in Ewald's bibl. Jahrb. v. p. 152) as formed of the Persian drsh, dorest, with א prosthetic, from the Zend root dore, to grow, to flourish, to become firm, in the meaning of perfect in all parts, exact. The motive of the royal order, that the priests may offer acceptable offerings to the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king and of his sons, recalls Ezra 6:10. On the formula למה דּי, for why should wrath come, comp. Ezra 4:22.
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