Acts 26:12
Whereupon as I went to Damascus with authority and commission from the chief priests,
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
(12) With authority and commission.—The former word implies the general power delegated to him, the latter the specific work assigned to him, and for the execution of which he was responsible.

Acts 26:12-15. Whereupon, as I went to Damascus, &c. — See notes on Acts 9:3-9, and Acts 22:5-11; where the substance of this paragraph occurs, and is explained. At mid-day, O king — Most seasonably, in the height of the narration, does he thus fix the king’s attention; I saw a light from heaven, above the brightness of the sun — And no marvel, for what is the brightness of the created sun to the Son of righteousness, the brightness of the Father’s glory? I heard a voice speaking in the Hebrew tongue — Paul observes this, because he was not now speaking in Hebrew: when he was, (Acts 22:7,) he did not add, in the Hebrew tongue. Christ used this tongue, both on earth and from heaven.26:12-23 Paul was made a Christian by Divine power; by a revelation of Christ both to him and in him; when in the full career of his sin. He was made a minister by Divine authority: the same Jesus who appeared to him in that glorious light, ordered him to preach the gospel to the Gentiles. A world that sits in darkness must be enlightened; those must be brought to know the things that belong to their everlasting peace, who are yet ignorant of them. A world that lies in wickedness must be sanctified and reformed; it is not enough for them to have their eyes opened, they must have their hearts renewed; not enough to be turned from darkness to light, but they must be turned from the power of Satan unto God. All who are turned from sin to God, are not only pardoned, but have a grant of a rich inheritance. The forgiveness of sins makes way for this. None can be happy who are not holy; and to be saints in heaven we must be first saints on earth. We are made holy, and saved by faith in Christ; by which we rely upon Christ as the Lord our Righteousness, and give up ourselves to him as the Lord our Ruler; by this we receive the remission of sins, the gift of the Holy Ghost, and eternal life. The cross of Christ was a stumbling-block to the Jews, and they were in a rage at Paul's preaching the fulfilling of the Old Testament predictions. Christ should be the first that should rise from the dead; the Head or principal One. Also, it was foretold by the prophets, that the Gentiles should be brought to the knowledge of God by the Messiah; and what in this could the Jews justly be displeased at? Thus the true convert can give a reason of his hope, and a good account of the change manifest in him. Yet for going about and calling on men thus to repent and to be converted, vast numbers have been blamed and persecuted.See this passage explained in the notes on Acts 9:5, etc. 9-15. (See on [2119]Ac 9:1, &c.; and compare Ac 22:4, &c.) With procuratory letters recommending him to the Jews abroad, and deputing him as their agent. Whereupon as I went to Damascus,.... Being intent, upon the above said things, to punish the saints, compel them to blaspheme, imprison them, and even put them to death on account of these things; upon this errand and business he went to Damascus, the chief city of Syria, where he knew there were many that believed in Christ, who had removed from Jerusalem thither, on account of the persecution, or were settled there before:

with authority and commission from the chief priests; the Jewish sanhedrim, to bring those of them at Damascus bound to Jerusalem, in order to be punished, as in Acts 9:2 and which the Ethiopic version adds here.

Whereupon as I went to Damascus with authority and commission from the chief priests,
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
Acts 26:12. ἐν οἷς, i.e., as I was thus engaged, inter quæ, “on which errand,” R.V. margin, see Acts 24:18.—ἐπιτροπῆς, 2Ma 13:14, Polyb., iii., 15, 7, “commission,” A. and R.V. “Paulus erat commissarius,” Bengel, the two nouns show the fulness of the authority committed to Paul.12. Whereupon] The Greek has “in which things,” and the sense is given well by the margin of R. V. “on which errand.”

with authority] Rev. Ver. “with the authority.” Saul was the commissioner sent by the Jewish magistrates, and at this particular time Damascus had been assigned as the district where he was to search for the Christians.Acts 26:12. Ἐπιτροπῆς, with the order, permission) Paul was a commissary. Ἐπιτροπὴ, Commission: whence ἐπίτροπος, See Esther 9:14, in the LXX.Verse 12. - Journeyed for went, A.V.; with the authority... of for with authority... from, A.V. and T.R. Commission; ἐπιτροπῆς, here only in the New Testament. But ἐπίτροπος is a "steward" (Matthew 20:8; Luke 8:3); and hence the Roman procurator was called in Greek, ἐπίτροπος, and so were governors generally, as those who acted with a delegated authority. The chief priests. In Acts 9:1 Saul is said to have applied to "the chief priest" for authority. The high priest, as president of the Sanhedrim, acted with the other chief priests (Acts 9:14). Whereupon (ἐν οἶς)

See on Acts 24:18. Better, on which errand; in which affairs of persecution.

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