2 Chronicles 9:29
Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, first and last, are they not written in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer against Jeroboam the son of Nebat?
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(c) REFERENCE TO DOCUMENTS.—CLOSE OF THE REIGN (2Chronicles 9:29-31). (Comp. 1Kings 11:41-43.)

(29) Now the rest of the acts of Solomon.—Or, story, history; literally, words. (Comp. 1Chronicles 29:29.)

First and last.—Or, the former and the latter. Instead of this, Kings has, “and all that he did, and his wisdom.”

In the book.—Or, history. For the sources named here, see the Introduction. Kings has simply, “are they not written in the book of the history of Solomon? “His name conveyed the idea of peace to the Hebrew ear. But there is no doubt that it was originally identical with Shalman (Assyrian Salmânu), the name of a god. Tiglath-pileser II. mentions a Salamânu king of Moab. This name exactly corresponds to Solomon.

Ahijah the Shilonite.—See 1Kings 11:29-39; 1Kings 14:2-18.

Iddo.—Hebrew, Ie‘dî or Ie‘dô. This seer is not mentioned in Kings. (See 2Chronicles 12:15; 2Chronicles 13:22 for further references to his works.)

2 Chronicles 9:29. In the visions of Iddo the seer — Mentioned also 2 Chronicles 12:15, and supposed by some to be the same person who is called Obed, 2 Chronicles 15:1. This and the other prophets here mentioned were also historians, and wrote annals of their times, out of which these sacred books were taken, either by these or other prophets.

9:13-31 The imports here mentioned, would show that prosperity drew the minds of Solomon and his subjects to the love of things curious and uncommon, though useless in themselves. True wisdom and happiness are always united together; but no such alliance exists between wealth and the enjoyment of the things of this life. Let us then acquaint ourselves with the Saviour, that we may find rest for our souls. Here is Solomon reigning in wealth and power, in ease and fulness, the like of which could never since be found; for the most known of the great princes of the earth were famed for their wars; whereas Solomon reigned forty years in profound peace. The promise was fulfilled, that God would give him riches and honour, such as no kings have had or shall have. The lustre wherein he appeared, was typical of the spiritual glory of the kingdom of the Messiah, and but a faint representation of His throne, which is above every throne. Here is Solomon dying, and leaving all his wealth and power to one who he knew would be a fool! Ec 2:18,19. This was not only vanity, but vexation of spirit. Neither power, wealth, nor wisdom, can ward off or prepare for the stroke of death. But thanks be to God who giveth the victory to the true believer, even over this dreaded enemy, through Jesus Christ our Lord.The book of Nathan ... - On the "books" here mentioned, see the introduction to Chronicles, the second note.

We hear nothing of Iddo in Kings: but he is mentioned below twice 2 Chronicles 12:15; 2 Chronicles 13:22. In the latter of these passages he is called not "the seer," but "the prophet." He seems to have been the author of three works:

(1) Visions against Jeroboam;

(2) A book of genealogies; and

(3) A commentary or history.

According to some, he was identical with Oded, the father of Azariah, who prophesied in the reign of Asa (see the 2 Chronicles 15:1 note).

28. they brought unto Solomon horses out of Egypt—(See on [430]2Ch 1:14). Solomon undoubtedly carried the Hebrew kingdom to its highest pitch of worldly glory. His completion of the grand work, the centralizing of the national worship at Jerusalem, whither the natives went up three times a year, has given his name a prominent place in the history of the ancient church. But his reign had a disastrous influence upon "the peculiar people," and the example of his deplorable idolatries, the connections he formed with foreign princes, the commercial speculations he entered into, and the luxuries introduced into the land, seem in a great measure to have altered and deteriorated the Jewish character. Iddo the seer, mentioned also 1 Chronicles 12:15, supposed to be the same who is called Obed, 2 Chronicles 15:1. This, and the other prophets mentioned, were also historians, and wrote some annals or histories of their times; out of which these sacred and canonical books were taken, either by these or other prophets.

See Chapter Introduction Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, first and last, are they not written in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer {o} against Jeroboam the son of Nebat?

(o) That is, who prophesied against him.

29. the book of Nathan] Cp. 1 Chronicles 29:29.

Ahijah the Shilonite] 1 Kings 11:29; 1 Kings 14:2 ff.

Iddo] Heb. Jedai or Jedo (probably a mis-spelling); cp. 2 Chronicles 12:15; 2 Chronicles 13:22.

29–31 (= 1 Kings 11:41-43). The Epilogue

An important section of 1 Kin. (2 Chronicles 11:1-23) giving an account of Solomon’s patronage of idolatry and of the troubles of his reign is unnoticed by the Chronicler.

Verse 29. - Nathan the prophet... Ahijah the Shilonite... Iddo the seer. For these original authorities of the history, see our Introduction (vol. 1. p. 8:2, and p. 9:3). The present quotation of the name of Ahijah in connection with his work, and the brief allusion to himself in our 2 Chronicles 10:15, are the only appearances of Ahijah in Chronicles. He and the importance of his work are clear enough from 1 Kings 11:28-40; 1 Kings 14:1-20. As the compiler of Chronicles evidently by a law omits any even reference to the defection of Solomon, it is natural that the name and special ministry of Ahijah should fall into the shade with him. Uniformly it is observable in Chronicles that the personal is not enlarged upon where it is not directly and indispensably ancillary to the ecclesiastical and national history. On the other hand, the writer of Kings does not once mention Iddo the seer, whereas we read of him again twice in Chronicles (2 Chronicles 12:15; 2 Chronicles 13:22).

2 Chronicles 9:29Conclusion of Solomon's history. - 2 Chronicles 9:29. Sources; see the introduction.
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