He walked also after their counsel, and went with Jehoram the son of Ahab king of Israel to war against Hazael king of Syria at Ramothgilead: and the Syrians smote Joram.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)He walked also after (in) their counsel.—An allusion to Psalm 1:1. He became a close partner in the politics of his ally, and joined in his expedition against the Syrians. The words are not in Kings.
And went with Jehoram.—2Kings 8:28, “Joram.”
King of Israel.—Added by chronicler.
Hazael king of Syria.—See Note on 2Kings 8:8, seq.; 13:3.
The Syrians.—Heb., hārammîm, instead of ‘Arammîm’ (Kings). So Vulg. and Targum. The Syriac, as usual, confuses Aram with Edom. The LXX. renders “the archers,” as if the word were the participle of rāmāh, “to shoot.” Perhaps the chronicler intended ha-rômîm, “the archers.” (Comp. 1Samuel 31:3; Jeremiah 4:29.)2 Chronicles 22:5. He went with Jehoram to war against Hazael — Following the evil example of Jehoshaphat herein; though he would not follow him in what was good. But of this and the following verses, see notes on 2 Kings 8:28-29; 2 Kings 9:21; 2 Kings 9:27.2 Chronicles 21:20. Went with Jehoram to war against Hazael; following the evil example of Jehoshaphat therein, 2 Chronicles 18, though he would not follow him in what was good. But of this and the following verses, see 2 Kings 8:28,29 9:21,27. 2 Kings 8:28, 2 Kings 8:29. He walked also after their counsel, and went with Jehoram the son of Ahab king of Israel to war against Hazael king of Syria at Ramothgilead: and the Syrians smote Joram.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)2 Kings 8:28-29). The Alliance with Jehoram of Israel
5. smote Joram] R.V. wounded Joram (as 2 Kin.).Verse 5. - He... went with Jehoram the son of Ahab. So the evil example of even the good lives after them. See Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:29; 2 Chronicles 18:8) followed by his son Jehoram first (2 Kings 3:9), and now by his grandson Ahaziah. The words of this verse and the next are almost identical with the parallel (2 Kings 8:28, 29). Ramoth-Gilead. It will be remembered that Ahab failed when he solicited and obtained the help of Jehoshaphat (1 Kings 22:3-36; 2 Chronicles 18:3-34) in his enterprise against Ramoth-Gilead. The present attempt, however, seems to have had a different issue (2 Kings 9:14, 15). The Syrians; Hebrew, הָרַמִּים. The initial radical here should be א, from neglect of observing which the Septuagint has translated "archers" (relate). 2 Chronicles 21:15 denotes a year is without foundation. Schmidt and Rabm. have already given a better explanation: quumque esset tempus, quo exiit finis s. quum exiret ac compleretur terminus ille, in epistola Eliae 2 Chronicles 21:15 praefixus; but in this case also we should expect היּמים קץ, since שׁנים לימים should point back to ימים על ימים, and contain a more exact definition of the terms employed in 2 Chronicles 21:15, which are not definite enough. We therefore take הקּץ צאת by itself, and translate: At the time of the end, i.e., when the end, sc. of life or of the disease, had come about two days, i.e., about two days before the issue of the end of the disease, then the bowels went out of the body-they flowed out from the body as devoured by the disease. חליו עם, in, during the sickness, consequently before the decease (cf. for עם in this signification, Psalm 72:5, Daniel 3:33). Trusen (Sitten, Gebr. und Krankh. der alten Hebrer, S. 212f.) holds this disease to have been a violent dysentery (diarrhoea), "being an inflammation of the nervous tissue (Nervenhaut) of the whole great intestine, which causes the overlying mucous membrane to decay and peel off, which then falls out often in tube-shape, so that the intestines appear to fall from the body." His people did not make a burning for him like the burning of his fathers, cf. 2 Chronicles 16:14; that is, denied him the honours usual at burial, because of their discontent with his evil reign.
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