For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD worked a great salvation for all Israel: you saw it, and did rejoice: why then will you sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)He did put his life in his hand, i.e. he exposed his life to eminent hazard. See Poole "Judges 12:3".
and slew the Philistine; Goliath of Gath, who defied the armies of Israel; against him he went unarmed, only with his sling and stones, and fought him, and slew him:
and the Lord wrought a great salvation for all Israel; by his hand, so that they were delivered from their enemies, who fled before them, and they pursued them, and got a complete victory over them:
thou sawest it, and didst rejoice; he was an eyewitness of David's going forth against the Philistine, and slaying him, and of all the happy effects of it, which then greatly affected him, and he could not forbear expressing great joy on that occasion:For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)5. put his life in his hand] i.e. voluntarily exposed himself to peril of death. The figure seems to be that of taking a treasure out of a safe place, and carrying it about with the risk of losing it Cp. ch. 1 Samuel 28:21; Jdg 12:3; Psalm 119:109.
wrought a great salvation] See 1 Samuel 11:9 (note), 13.
sin against innocent blood] Incur bloodguiltiness by the murder of an innocent man. Cp. Deuteronomy 19:10-13; Psalm 94:21.
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