Augustus
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Augustus

increased, augmented

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Augustus

(venerable) Cae'sar , the first Roman emperor. He was born A.U.C. 691, B.C. 63. His father was Caius Octavius; his mother Atia, daughter of Julia the sister of C. Julius Caesar. He was principally educated by his great-uncle Julius Caesar, and was made his heir. After his murder, the young Octavius, then Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was taken into the triumvirate with Antony and Lepidus, and, after the removal of the latter, divided the empire with Antony. The struggle for the supreme power was terminated in favor of Octavianus by the battle of Actium, B.C. 31. On this victory he was saluted imperator by the senate, who conferred on him the title Augustus, B.C. 27. The first link binding him to New Testament history is his treatment of Herod after the battle of Actium. That prince, who had espoused Antony's side, found himself pardoned, taken into favor and confirmed, nay even increased, in his power. After Herod's death, in A.D. 4, Augustus divided his dominions, almost exactly according to his dying directions, among his sons. Augustus died in Nola in Campania, Aug. 19, A.U.C. 767, A.D. 14, in his 76th year; but long before his death he had associated Tiberius with him in the empire.

ATS Bible Dictionary
Augustus

Venerable, the first peacefully acknowledged emperor of Rome, began to reign B. C. 19. Augustus was the emperor who appointed the enrolment, Luke 2:1, which obliged Joseph and the Virgin to go to Bethlehem, the place where the Messiah was to be born. He died A. D. 14.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Augustus

The cognomen of the first Roman emperor, C. Julius Caesar Octavianus, during whose reign Christ was born (Luke 2:1). His decree that "all the world should be taxed" was the divinely ordered occasion of Jesus' being born, according to prophecy (Micah 5:2), in Bethlehem. This name being simply a title meaning "majesty" or "venerable," first given to him by the senate (B.C. 27), was borne by succeeding emperors. Before his death (A.D. 14) he associated Tiberius with him in the empire (Luke 3:1), by whom he was succeeded.

Augustus band

(Acts 27:1.: literally, of Sebaste, the Greek form of Augusta, the name given to Caesarea in honour of Augustus Caesar). Probably this "band" or cohort consisted of Samaritan soldiers belonging to Caesarea.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
AUGUSTUS

o-gus'-tus Augoustos:

(1) The first Roman emperor, and noteworthy in Bible history as the emperor in whose reign the Incarnation took place (Luke 2:1). His original name was Caius Octavius Caepias and he was born in 63 B.C., the year of Cicero's consulship. He was the grand-nephew of Julius Caesar, his mother Atia having been the daughter of Julia, Caesar's younger sister. He was only 19 years of age when Caesar was murdered in the Senate house (44 B.C.), but with a true instinct of statesmanship he steered his course through the intrigues and dangers of the closing years of the republic, and after the battle of Actium was left without a rival. Some difficulty was experienced in finding a name that would exactly define the position of the new ruler of the state. He himself declined the names of rex and dictator, and in 27 B.C. he was by the decree of the Senate styled Augustus. The epithet implied respect and veneration beyond what is bestowed on human things: "Sancta vocant augusta patres: augusta vocantur Templa sacerdotum rite dicata manu."-Ovid Fasti. 609; compare Dion Cass., 5316

The Greeks rendered the word by Sebastos, literally, "reverend' " (Acts 25:21, 25). The name was connected by the Romans with augur-"one consecrated by religion"-and also with the verb augere. In this way it came to form one of the German imperial titles "Mehrer des Reichs" (extender of the empire). The length of the reign of Augustus, extending as it did over 44 years from the battle of Actium (31 B.C.) to his death (14 A.D.), doubtless contributed much to the settlement and consolidation of the new regime after the troubled times of the civil wars.

It is chiefly through the connection of Judea and Palestine with the Roman Empire that Augustus comes in contact with early Christianity, or rather with the political and religious life of the Jewish people at the time of the birth of Christ: "Now it came to pass in those days, there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be enrolled" (Luke 2:1). During the reign of Herod the Great the government of Palestine was conducted practically without interference from Rome except, of course, as regarded the exaction of the tribute; but on the death of that astute and capable ruler (4 B.C.) none of his three sons among whom his kingdom was divided showed the capacity of their father.

In the year 6 A.D. the intervention of Augustus was invited by the Jews themselves to provide a remedy for the incapacity of their ruler, Archelaus, who was deposed by the emperor from the rule of Judea; at the same time, while Caesarea was still the center of the Roman administration, a small Roman garrison was stationed permanently in Jerusalem. The city, however, was left to the control of the Jewish Sanhedrin with complete judicial and executive authority except that the death sentence required confirmation by the Roman procurator. There is no reason to believe that Augustus entertained any specially favorable appreciation of Judaism, but from policy he showed himself favorable to the Jews in Palestine and did everything to keep them from feeling the pressure of the Roman yoke. To the Jews of the eastern Diaspora he allowed great privileges. It has even been held that his aim was to render them pro-Rom, as a counterpoise in some degree to the pronounced Hellenism of the East; but in the West autonomous bodies of Jews were never allowed (see Mommsen, Provinces of the Roman Empire, chapter 11).

(2) For Augustus in Acts 25:21, 25 the King James Version, see EMPEROR.

J. Hutchison

Greek
828. Augoustos -- Augustus, the name of a Roman emperor
... Augustus, the name of a Roman emperor. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration:
Augoustos Phonetic Spelling: (ow'-goos-tos) Short Definition: Augustus ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/828.htm - 6k

4575. sebastos -- reverend, august, hence Augustus, a Roman ...
... reverend, august, hence Augustus, a Roman emperor. Part of Speech: Adjective
Transliteration: sebastos Phonetic Spelling: (seb-as-tos') Short Definition: august ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4575.htm - 6k

2804. Klaudios -- Claudius, the name of an Emperor, also an army ...
... klow'-dee-os) Short Definition: Claudius Definition: (a) Claudius, the fourth of
the Roman Emperors, Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, who ruled AD ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2804.htm - 6k

Library

Letter clvi. To Leo Augustus.
... To Leo Augustus. To Leo Augustus. Leo, the bishop, to Leo Augustus. I. There
is no need to open the question of doctrine again now. ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/letter clvi to leo augustus.htm

Letter clxix. To Leo Augustus.
... care for the Faith.) Letter CLXIX. To Leo Augustus. To Leo Augustus. Leo,
the bishop, to Leo Augustus. I. He heartily thanks the ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/letter clxix to leo augustus.htm

Letter xxix. To Theodosius Augustus.
... Letter XXIX. To Theodosius Augustus. To Theodosius Augustus. To C├Žsar
Theodosius, the most religious and devout Augustus Leo pope ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/letter xxix to theodosius augustus.htm

Letter clxii. To Leo Augustus.
... Letter CLXII. To Leo Augustus. To Leo Augustus. By the hand of Philoxenus agens
in rebus [595] . Leo the Bishop to Leo Augustus. I. The ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/letter clxii to leo augustus.htm

Letter clxiv. To Leo Augustus.
... To Leo Augustus. To Leo Augustus. Leo, the bishop, to Leo Augustus. I. He sends
envoys but deprecates any fresh discussion of the Faith. ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/letter clxiv to leo augustus.htm

Letter Lxix. (To Theodosius Augustus. )
... Faith.) Letter LXIX. (To Theodosius Augustus.). (To Theodosius Augustus.)
Leo, the bishop, to Theodosius ever Augustus. I. He suspends ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/letter lxix to theodosius augustus.htm

Letter Xliv. To Theodosius Augustus.
... Letter XLIV. To Theodosius Augustus. To Theodosius Augustus. Leo, the bishop, and
the holy Synod which is assembled at Rome to Theodosius Augustus. ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/letter xliv to theodosius augustus.htm

Letter xxxvii . To Theodosius Augustus.
... Letter XXXVII . To Theodosius Augustus. To Theodosius Augustus. Leo to
Theodosius Augustus. Unity of Faith is essential but the ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/letter xxxvii to theodosius.htm

Letter cx. From Marcian Augustus.
... orthodoxy and care for the Faith.) Letter CX. From Marcian Augustus. From
Marcian Augustus. (Expressing surprise that Leo has not by ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/letter cx from marcian augustus.htm

Letter cxxvi. To Marcian Augustus.
... the Faith.) Letter CXXVI. To Marcian Augustus. To Marcian Augustus.
(Congratulating him on the restoration of peace in Palestine.). ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/letter cxxvi to marcian augustus.htm

Thesaurus
Augustus (4 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Augustus. ... Before his death (AD 14) he associated Tiberius
with him in the empire (Luke 3:1), by whom he was succeeded. Augustus band. ...
/a/augustus.htm - 12k

Tiberius (1 Occurrence)
... Ie, as known in Roman history, Tiberius Claudius Nero, only mentioned in Luke
3:1. He was the stepson of Augustus, whom he succeeded on the throne, AD 14. ...
/t/tiberius.htm - 15k

Caesar (25 Occurrences)
... The Caesars referred to in the New Testament are Augustus (Luke 2:1), Tiberius
(3:1; 20:22), Claudius (Acts 11:28), and Nero (Acts 25:8; Philippians 4:22). ...
/c/caesar.htm - 16k

Caesarea (20 Occurrences)
... It was built by Herod the Great (BC 10), who named it after Caesar Augustus,
hence called Caesarea Sebaste (Gr. Sebastos = "Augustus...
/c/caesarea.htm - 20k

Nicopolis (1 Occurrence)
... The one here referred to was most probably that in Epirus, which was built by Augustus
Caesar to commemorate his victory at the battle of Actium (BC 31). ...
/n/nicopolis.htm - 10k

Procurator
... At the time of Augustus, when the domestic quality of these offices had not been
entirely lost, the procurators were mostly imperial freedmen. ...
/p/procurator.htm - 13k

Province (66 Occurrences)
... Three periods may be distinguished in the history of the system of provincial
administration: (1) from 227 BC to Sulla, (2) from Sulla to Augustus, and (3) the ...
/p/province.htm - 38k

Illyricum (1 Occurrence)
... denoting a single Roman province, which varied in extent with the advance of the
Roman conquest but was finally organized in 10 AD by the emperor Augustus. ...
/i/illyricum.htm - 13k

Pisidia (2 Occurrences)
... the title Caesareia Antiocheia; it was now the capital of southern Galatia and the
chief of a series of military colonies founded by Augustus, and connected by ...
/p/pisidia.htm - 21k

Tarsus (5 Occurrences)
... This privileged status was confirmed by Augustus after the victory of Actium
had made him sole master of the Roman Empire (31 BC). ...
/t/tarsus.htm - 30k

Bible Concordance
Augustus (4 Occurrences)

Luke 2:1 Now it happened in those days, that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be enrolled.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Acts 25:21 But when Paul had appealed to be reserved unto the hearing of Augustus, I commanded him to be kept till I might send him to Caesar.
(KJV DBY WBS)

Acts 25:25 But when I found that he had committed nothing worthy of death, and that he himself hath appealed to Augustus, I have determined to send him.
(KJV DBY WBS)

Acts 27:1 And when it was determined that we should sail into Italy, they delivered Paul and certain other prisoners unto one named Julius, a centurion of Augustus' band.
(KJV DBY WBS)

Subtopics

Augustus

Augustus Band

Augustus: An Important Roman Emperor

Related Terms

Tiberius (1 Occurrence)

Caesar (25 Occurrences)

Caesarea (20 Occurrences)

Nicopolis (1 Occurrence)

Procurator

Province (66 Occurrences)

Illyricum (1 Occurrence)

Pisidia (2 Occurrences)

Tarsus (5 Occurrences)

Antioch (21 Occurrences)

Jabneh (1 Occurrence)

Judaeus

Jabneel (2 Occurrences)

Philo

Cesarea (17 Occurrences)

Cesar (20 Occurrences)

Claudius (3 Occurrences)

Augustan (1 Occurrence)

Chronology

Samaria (123 Occurrences)

Philippi (8 Occurrences)

Rome (12 Occurrences)

Herod (45 Occurrences)

Parthians (1 Occurrence)

Emperor (5 Occurrences)

Mary (50 Occurrences)

Army (401 Occurrences)

Asia (22 Occurrences)

Numbering (35 Occurrences)

Nabathaeans

Nabataeans

Latin (2 Occurrences)

Lystra (6 Occurrences)

Gadara

Inhabited (64 Occurrences)

Issued (40 Occurrences)

Italy (4 Occurrences)

Ituraea (1 Occurrence)

Thessalonica (8 Occurrences)

Troas (6 Occurrences)

Taxed (4 Occurrences)

Triumph (52 Occurrences)

Registration (17 Occurrences)

Reserved (28 Occurrences)

Edict (22 Occurrences)

Entire (119 Occurrences)

Enrolled (23 Occurrences)

Decree (82 Occurrences)

Dogma

Denarius (8 Occurrences)

Deputy (7 Occurrences)

Puteoli (1 Occurrence)

Paulus (1 Occurrence)

Paphos (2 Occurrences)

Praetorium (8 Occurrences)

Before (18954 Occurrences)

Bethharam

Beth-haram (1 Occurrence)

Beth-aram (1 Occurrence)

Betharam (1 Occurrence)

Bethsaida (7 Occurrences)

Empire (8 Occurrences)

Caesara

Census (24 Occurrences)

Cyprus (12 Occurrences)

Cognisance (1 Occurrence)

Colony (1 Occurrence)

Aul

Ashdod (21 Occurrences)

Sergius (1 Occurrence)

Syria (73 Occurrences)

Stork (6 Occurrences)

Samos (1 Occurrence)

New (1850 Occurrences)

Acco (2 Occurrences)

Crete (7 Occurrences)

Habitable (19 Occurrences)

Jordan (188 Occurrences)

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