Psalm 19:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The fear of the LORD is pure, enduring forever. The decrees of the LORD are firm, and all of them are righteous.

King James Bible
The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of the LORD are true and righteous altogether.

Darby Bible Translation
The fear of Jehovah is clean, enduring for ever; the judgments of Jehovah are truth, they are righteous altogether:

World English Bible
The fear of Yahweh is clean, enduring forever. Yahweh's ordinances are true, and righteous altogether.

Young's Literal Translation
The fear of Jehovah is clean, standing to the age, The judgments of Jehovah are true, They have been righteous -- together.

Psalm 19:9 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The fear of the Lord - יראה yirah, from ירא yara, to fear, to venerate; often put for the whole of Divine worship. The reverence we owe to the Supreme Being.

Is clean - טהורה tehorah, from טהר tahar, to be pure, clean; not differing much from ברה barah, (see above), to be clean and bright as the heavens; as purified Silver. Its object is to purge away all defilement, to make a spotless character.

Enduring for ever - עומדת לעד omedeth laad, standing up to Perpetuity. The fear that prevents us from offending God, that causes us to reverence him, and is the beginning as it is the safeguard of wisdom, must be carried all through life. No soul is safe for a moment without it. It prevents departure from God, and keeps that clean which God has purified. This is Its use.

The judgments of the Lord - משפטים mishpatim, from שפת shaphat, he judged, regulated, disposed, All God's regulations, all his decisions; what he has pronounced to be right and proper.

Are true - אמת emeth, truth, from אם am, to support, confirm, make stable, and certain. This is the character of God's judgments. They shall all stand. All dispensations in providence and grace confirm them; they are certain, and have a fixed character.

And righteous altogether - They are not only according to truth; but they are righteous, צדקו tsadeku, they give to all their due. They show what belongs to God, to man, and to ourselves. And hence the word altogether, יחדו yachdav, equally, is added; or truth and righteousness united.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The fear

Psalm 34:11-14 Come, you children, listen to me: I will teach you the fear of the LORD...

Psalm 36:1 The transgression of the wicked said within my heart, that there is no fear of God before his eyes.

Psalm 115:13 He will bless them that fear the LORD, both small and great.

Genesis 22:12 And he said, Lay not your hand on the lad, neither do you any thing to him: for now I know that you fear God...

Genesis 42:18 And Joseph said to them the third day, This do, and live; for I fear God:

1 Samuel 12:24 Only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all your heart: for consider how great things he has done for you.

1 Kings 18:3,4,12 And Ahab called Obadiah, which was the governor of his house. (Now Obadiah feared the LORD greatly...

Nehemiah 5:15 But the former governors that had been before me were chargeable to the people, and had taken of them bread and wine...

Proverbs 8:13 The fear of the LORD is to hate evil: pride, and arrogance, and the evil way, and the fraudulent mouth, do I hate.

Acts 10:22 And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that fears God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews...

Romans 3:10-18 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one...

enduring

Psalm 111:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do his commandments...

Psalm 112:1-6 Praise you the LORD. Blessed is the man that fears the LORD, that delights greatly in his commandments...

judgments

Psalm 10:5 His ways are always grievous; your judgments are far above out of his sight: as for all his enemies, he puffs at them.

Psalm 36:6 Your righteousness is like the great mountains; your judgments are a great deep: O LORD, you preserve man and beast.

Psalm 72:1,2 Give the king your judgments, O God, and your righteousness to the king's son...

Psalm 119:7,39,62,75,106,137,138,142,1 I will praise you with uprightness of heart, when I shall have learned your righteous judgments...

Psalm 147:19 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel.

Exodus 21:1 Now these are the judgments which you shall set before them.

Deuteronomy 4:8 And what nation is there so great, that has statutes and judgments so righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day?

Isaiah 26:8 Yes, in the way of your judgments, O LORD, have we waited for you; the desire of our soul is to your name...

Romans 2:2 But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things.

Romans 11:22 Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward you, goodness...

Revelation 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvelous are your works...

Revelation 16:7 And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are your judgments.

Revelation 19:2 For true and righteous are his judgments: for he has judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication...

true [Heb.] truth

Library
Secret Faults
'Who can understand his errors? cleanse Thou me from secret faults.' PSALM xix. 12. The contemplation of the 'perfect law, enlightening the eyes,' sends the Psalmist to his knees. He is appalled by his own shortcomings, and feels that, beside all those of which he is aware, there is a region, as yet unilluminated by that law, where evil things nestle and breed. The Jewish ritual drew a broad distinction between inadvertent--whether involuntary or ignorant--and deliberate sins; providing atonement
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Secret Sins
Now, David, having seen God's law, and having praised it in this Psalm, which I have read in your hearing, he is brought, by reflecting on its excellency, to utter this thought, "Who can understand his errors?" and then to offer this prayer, "Cleanse thou me from secret faults." In the Lateran Council of the Church of Rome, a decree was passed that every true believer must confess his sins, all of them, once a year to the priest, and they affixed to it this declaration, that there is no hope of pardon
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 3: 1857

Letter xxii. St. Ambrose in a Letter to his Sister Gives an Account of the Finding Of...
St. Ambrose in a letter to his sister gives an account of the finding of the bodies of SS. Gervasius and Protasius, and of his addresses to the people on that occasion. Preaching from Psalm xix., he allegorically expounded the "heavens" to represent the martyrs and apostles, and the "day" he takes to be their confession. They were humbled by God, and then raised again. He then gives an account of the state in which their bodies were found, and of their translation to the basilica. In another address
St. Ambrose—Works and Letters of St. Ambrose

The Progress of the Gospel
Their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the end of the world. T he heavens declare the glory of God (Psalm 19:1) . The grandeur of the arch over our heads, the number and lustre of the stars, the beauty of the light, the splendour of the sun, the regular succession of day and night, and of the seasons of the year, are such proofs of infinite wisdom and power, that the Scripture attributes to them a voice, a universal language, intelligible to all mankind, accommodated to every capacity.
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2

Cross References
Revelation 19:2
for true and just are his judgments. He has condemned the great prostitute who corrupted the earth by her adulteries. He has avenged on her the blood of his servants."

Psalm 111:8
They are established for ever and ever, enacted in faithfulness and uprightness.

Psalm 119:138
The statutes you have laid down are righteous; they are fully trustworthy.

Psalm 119:142
Your righteousness is everlasting and your law is true.

Psalm 119:144
Your statutes are always righteous; give me understanding that I may live.

Zephaniah 3:15
The LORD has taken away your punishment, he has turned back your enemy. The LORD, the King of Israel, is with you; never again will you fear any harm.

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