Psalm 19:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
the fear of the LORD is clean, enduring forever; the rules of the LORD are true, and righteous altogether.

King James Bible
The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of the LORD are true and righteous altogether.

American Standard Version
The fear of Jehovah is clean, enduring for ever: The ordinances of Jehovah are true, and righteous altogether.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The fear of the Lord is holy, enduring for ever and ever: the judgments of the Lord are true, justified in themselves.

English Revised Version
The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of the LORD are true, and righteous altogether.

Webster's Bible Translation
The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of the LORD are true and righteous altogether.

Psalm 19:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 19:2-4) The heavens, i.e., the superterrestrial spheres, which, so far as human vision is concerned, are lost in infinite space, declare how glorious is God, and indeed אל, as the Almighty; and what His hands have made, i.e., what He has produced with a superior power to which everything is possible, the firmament, i.e., vault of heaven stretched out far and wide and as a transparency above the earth (Graeco-Veneta τάμα equals ἔκταμα, from רקע, root רק, to stretch, τείνειν), distinctly expresses. The sky and firmament are not conceived of as conscious beings which the middle ages, in dependence upon Aristotle (vid., Maimonides, More Nebuchim ii. 5), believed could be proved fro this passage, cf. Nehemiah 9:6; Job 38:7. Moreover, Scripture knows nothing of the "music of the spheres" of the Pythagoreans. What is meant is, as the old expositors correctly say, objectivum vocis non articulatae praeconium. The doxa, which God has conferred upon the creature as the reflection of His own, is reflected back from it, and given back to God as it were in acknowledgment of its origin. The idea of perpetuity, which lies even in the participle, is expanded in Psalm 19:3. The words of this discourse of praise are carried forward in an uninterrupted line of transmission. הבּיע (fr. נבע, Arab. nb‛, root נב, to gush forth, nearly allied to which, however, is also the root בע, to spring up) points to the rich fulness with which, as from an inexhaustible spring, the testimony passes on from one day to the next. The parallel word חוּה is an unpictorial, but poetic, word that is more Aramaic than Hebrew ( equals הגּיד). אמשׁ also belongs to the more elevated style; the γνωστὸν τοῦ Θεοῦ deposited in the creature, although not reflected, is here called דּעת. The poet does not say that the tidings proclaimed by the day, if they gradually die away as the day declines, are taken up by the night, and the tidings of the night by the day; but (since the knowledge proclaimed by the day concerns the visible works of God by day, and that proclaimed by the night, His works by night), that each dawning day continues the speech of that which has declined, and each approaching night takes up the tale of that which has passed away (Psychol. S. 347, tr. p. 408). If Psalm 19:4 were to be rendered "there is no speech and there are no words, their voice is inaudible," i.e., they are silent, speechless witnesses, uttering no sound, but yet speaking aloud (Hengst.), only inwardly audible but yet intelligible everywhere (Then.): then, Psalm 19:5 ought at least to begin with a Waw adversativum, and, moreover, the poet would then needlessly check his fervour, producing a tame thought and one that interrupts the flow of the hymn. To take Psalm 19:4 as a circumstantial clause to Psalm 19:5, and made to precede it, as Ewald does, "without loud speech...their sound has resounded through all the earth" (341, d), is impossible, even apart from the fact of אמר not meaning "Loud speech" and קוּם hardly "their sound." Psalm 19:4 is in the form of an independent sentence, and there is nothing whatever in it to betray any designed subordination to Psalm 19:5. But if it be made independent in the sense "there is no loud, no articulate speech, no audible voice, which proceeds from the heavens," then Psalm 19:5 would form an antithesis to it; and this, in like manner, there is nothing to indicate, and it would at least require that the verb יצא should be placed first. Luther's rendering is better: There is no language nor speech, where their voice is not heard, i.e., as Calvin also renders it, the testimony of the heavens to God is understood by the peoples of every language and tongue. But this ought to be אין לשׁון or אין שׂפה ro אין (Genesis 11:1). Hofmann's rendering is similar, but more untenable: "There is no speech and there are no words, that their cry is not heard, i.e., the language of the heavens goes forth side by side with all other languages; and men may discourse ever so, still the speech or sound of the heavens is heard therewith, it sounds above them all." But the words are not בּלי נשׁמע (after the analogy of Genesis 31:20), or rather בּלי ישּׁמע (as in Job 41:8; Hosea 8:7). בּלי with the part. is a poetical expression for the Alpha privat. (2 Samuel 1:21), consequently כלי נשׁמע is "unheard" or "inaudible," and the opposite of נשׁמע, audible, Jeremiah 31:15. Thus, therefore, the only rendering that remains is that of the lxx., Vitringa, and Hitzig: There is no language and no words, whose voice is unheard, i.e., inaudible. Hupfeld's assertion that this rendering destroys the parallelism is unfounded. The structure of the distich resembles Psalm 139:4. The discourse of the heavens and the firmament, of the day (of the sky by day) and of the night (of the sky by night), is not a discourse uttered in a corner, it is a discourse in speech that is everywhere audible, and in words that are understood by all, a φανερόν, Romans 1:19.

Psalm 19:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The fear

Psalm 34:11-14 Come, you children, listen to me: I will teach you the fear of the LORD...

Psalm 36:1 The transgression of the wicked said within my heart, that there is no fear of God before his eyes.

Psalm 115:13 He will bless them that fear the LORD, both small and great.

Genesis 22:12 And he said, Lay not your hand on the lad, neither do you any thing to him: for now I know that you fear God...

Genesis 42:18 And Joseph said to them the third day, This do, and live; for I fear God:

1 Samuel 12:24 Only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all your heart: for consider how great things he has done for you.

1 Kings 18:3,4,12 And Ahab called Obadiah, which was the governor of his house. (Now Obadiah feared the LORD greatly...

Nehemiah 5:15 But the former governors that had been before me were chargeable to the people, and had taken of them bread and wine...

Proverbs 8:13 The fear of the LORD is to hate evil: pride, and arrogance, and the evil way, and the fraudulent mouth, do I hate.

Acts 10:22 And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that fears God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews...

Romans 3:10-18 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one...

enduring

Psalm 111:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do his commandments...

Psalm 112:1-6 Praise you the LORD. Blessed is the man that fears the LORD, that delights greatly in his commandments...

judgments

Psalm 10:5 His ways are always grievous; your judgments are far above out of his sight: as for all his enemies, he puffs at them.

Psalm 36:6 Your righteousness is like the great mountains; your judgments are a great deep: O LORD, you preserve man and beast.

Psalm 72:1,2 Give the king your judgments, O God, and your righteousness to the king's son...

Psalm 119:7,39,62,75,106,137,138,142,1 I will praise you with uprightness of heart, when I shall have learned your righteous judgments...

Psalm 147:19 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel.

Exodus 21:1 Now these are the judgments which you shall set before them.

Deuteronomy 4:8 And what nation is there so great, that has statutes and judgments so righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day?

Isaiah 26:8 Yes, in the way of your judgments, O LORD, have we waited for you; the desire of our soul is to your name...

Romans 2:2 But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things.

Romans 11:22 Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward you, goodness...

Revelation 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvelous are your works...

Revelation 16:7 And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are your judgments.

Revelation 19:2 For true and righteous are his judgments: for he has judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication...

true [Heb.] truth

Cross References
Revelation 19:2
for his judgments are true and just; for he has judged the great prostitute who corrupted the earth with her immorality, and has avenged on her the blood of his servants."

Psalm 111:8
they are established forever and ever, to be performed with faithfulness and uprightness.

Psalm 119:138
You have appointed your testimonies in righteousness and in all faithfulness.

Psalm 119:142
Your righteousness is righteous forever, and your law is true.

Psalm 119:144
Your testimonies are righteous forever; give me understanding that I may live.

Zephaniah 3:15
The LORD has taken away the judgments against you; he has cleared away your enemies. The King of Israel, the LORD, is in your midst; you shall never again fear evil.

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