wild waves of a sea, foaming out their own shames; stars going astray, to whom the gloom of the darkness to the age hath been kept.
Jude 1:13 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame - The same metaphor as in Isaiah 57:20 : The wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt. These are like the sea in a storm, where the swells are like mountains; the breakers lash the shore, and sound like thunder; and the great deep, stirred up from its very bottom, rolls its muddy, putrid sediment, and deposits it upon the beach. Such were those proud and arrogant boasters, those headstrong, unruly, and ferocious men, who swept into their own vortex the souls of the simple, and left nothing behind them that was not indicative of their folly, their turbulence, and their impurity.
Wandering stars - Αστερες πλανηται· Not what we call planets; for although these differ from what are called the fixed stars, which never change their place, while the planets have their revolution round the sun; yet, properly speaking, there is no irregularity in their motions: for their appearance of advancing, stationary, and retrograde, are only in reference to an observer on the earth, viewing them in different parts of their orbits; for as to themselves, they ever continue a steady course through all their revolutions. But these are uncertain, anomalous meteors, ignes fatui, wills-o'-the-wisp; dancing about in the darkness which themselves have formed, and leading simple souls astray, who have ceased to walk in the light, and have no other guides but those oscillating and devious meteors which, if you run after them, will flee before you, and if you run from them will follow you.
The blackness of darkness - They are such as are going headlong into that outer darkness where there is wailing, and weeping, and gnashing of teeth. The whole of this description appears to have been borrowed from 2 Peter 2, where the reader is requested to see the notes.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalm 65:7 Which stills the noise of the seas, the noise of their waves, and the tumult of the people.
Psalm 93:3,4 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves...
Isaiah 57:20 But the wicked are like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt.
Jeremiah 5:22,23 Fear you not me? said the LORD: will you not tremble at my presence...
Philippians 3:19 Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.)
2 Timothy 3:13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.
Revelation 8:10,11 And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp...
to whom. See on
2 Peter 2:17 These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.
Revelation 14:10,11 The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation...
Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are...
Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters...
Jude 1:13 Parallel CommentariesAge Astray Black Blackest Blackness Casting Darkest Darkness Dense Eternity Foam Foaming Forever Gloom Kept Nether Night Raging Reserved Sea Shame Shames Stars Store Streaming Violent Wandering Waves WildAge Astray Black Blackest Blackness Casting Darkest Darkness Dense Eternity Foam Foaming Forever Gloom Kept Nether Night Raging Reserved Sea Shame Shames Stars Store Streaming Violent Wandering Waves WildTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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