|English Standard Version (© 2001)|
wild waves of the sea, casting up the foam of their own shame; wandering stars, for whom the gloom of utter darkness has been reserved forever.
King James Bible
Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
American Standard Version
Wild waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, for whom the blackness of darkness hath been reserved forever.
Young's Literal Translation
wild waves of a sea, foaming out their own shames; stars going astray, to whom the gloom of the darkness to the age hath been kept.
Jude 1:13 Additional TranslationsVincent's Word Studies
Rev., wild, which is better, as implying quality rather than act. Waves, by nature untamed. The act or expression of the nature is given by the next word.
Foaming out (ἐπαφρίζοντα)
Only here in New Testament. Compare Isaiah 57:20.
Lit., shames or disgraces.
Compare 2 Peter 2:17. Possibly referring to comets, which shine a while and then pass into darkness. "They belong not to the system: they stray at random and without law, and must at last be severed from the lights which rule while they are ruled" (Lumby).
See on 2 Peter 2:4.
Of darkness (τοῦ σκότους)
Lit., "the darkness," the article pointing back to the darkness already mentioned, Jde 1:6.
Jude 1:13 Parallel CommentariesAge Astray Black Blackest Blackness Casting Darkest Darkness Dense Eternity Foam Foaming Forever Gloom Kept Nether Night Raging Reserved Sea Shame Shames Stars Store Streaming Violent Wandering Waves WildAge Astray Black Blackest Blackness Casting Darkest Darkness Dense Eternity Foam Foaming Forever Gloom Kept Nether Night Raging Reserved Sea Shame Shames Stars Store Streaming Violent Wandering Waves WildThe ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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Isaiah 57:20 But the wicked are like the tossing sea; for it cannot be quiet, and its waters toss up mire and dirt.
Philippians 3:19 Their end is destruction, their god is their belly, and they glory in their shame, with minds set on earthly things.
2 Peter 2:17 These are waterless springs and mists driven by a storm. For them the gloom of utter darkness has been reserved.
Jude 1:6 And the angels who did not stay within their own position of authority, but left their proper dwelling, he has kept in eternal chains under gloomy darkness until the judgment of the great day--