|New International Version (© 2011)|
So Judas came to the garden, guiding a detachment of soldiers and some officials from the chief priests and the Pharisees. They were carrying torches, lanterns and weapons.
King James Bible
Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.
American Standard Version
Judas then, having received the band of soldiers , and officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.
Young's Literal Translation
Judas, therefore, having taken the band and officers out of the chief priests and Pharisees, doth come thither with torches and lamps, and weapons;
John 18:3 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
A band - Την σπειραν, The band or troop. Some think that the spira was the same as the Roman cohort, and was the tenth part of a legion, which consisted sometimes of 4200, and sometimes of 5000 foot. But Raphelius, on Matthew 27:27, has clearly proved, from Polybius, that the spira was no more than a tenth of the fourth part of a legion. And as the number of the legion was uncertain, and their divisions not at all equal, no person can tell how many the band or spira contained. See many curious particulars in Raphelius on this point, vol. i. p. 351, edit. 1747. This band was probably those Roman soldiers given by the governor for the defense of the temple; and the officers were those who belonged to the Sanhedrin.
With lanterns and torches - With these they had intended to search the corners and caverns, provided Christ had hidden himself; for they could not have needed them for any other purpose, it being now the fourteenth day of the moon's age, in the month Nisan, and consequently she appeared full and bright. The weapons mentioned here were probably no other than clubs, staves, and instruments of that kind, as we may gather from Matthew 26:55; Mark 14:48; Luke 22:52. The swords mentioned by the other evangelists were probably those of the Roman soldiers; the clubs and staves belonged to the chief priest's officers.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
John 13:2,27-30 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him...
Matthew 26:47,55 And while he yet spoke, see, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves...
Mark 14:43,44,48 And immediately, while he yet spoke, comes Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves...
Luke 22:47 And while he yet spoke, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them...
Acts 1:16 Men and brothers, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled...
John 18:12 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,
Psalm 3:1,2 Lord, how are they increased that trouble me! many are they that rise up against me...
Psalm 22:12 Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round.
John 18:3 Parallel CommentariesArms Band Battalion Carrying Chief Cohort Detachment Followed Getting Grove Guiding High Judas Officers Officials Pharisees Police Priests Received Roman Soldiers Temple Thither Torches WeaponsArms Band Battalion Carrying Chief Cohort Detachment Followed Getting Grove Guiding High Judas Officers Officials Pharisees Police Priests Received Roman Soldiers Temple Thither Torches WeaponsTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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Matthew 25:1 "At that time the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom.
Matthew 26:47 While he was still speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, arrived. With him was a large crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests and the elders of the people.
Mark 14:43 Just as he was speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, appeared. With him was a crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests, the teachers of the law, and the elders.
Luke 22:47 While he was still speaking a crowd came up, and the man who was called Judas, one of the Twelve, was leading them. He approached Jesus to kiss him,
John 7:32 The Pharisees heard the crowd whispering such things about him. Then the chief priests and the Pharisees sent temple guards to arrest him.
John 18:12 Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They bound him
John 18:18 It was cold, and the servants and officials stood around a fire they had made to keep warm. Peter also was standing with them, warming himself.